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    Effects of ion-carrier substituents on the potentiometric-response characteristics in anion-selective membrane electrodes based on iron porphyrins

    , Article ChemPhysChem ; Volume 5, Issue 5 , 2004 , Pages 652-660 ; 14394235 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Seifi, H ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Mousavi, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2004
    The potentiometric response characteristics with respect to salicylate anion of several membrane electrodes based on iron(II) tetraphenylporphyrin chloride (FeTPPCl) and derivatives with electrophilic and nucleophilic substituents, incorporated into plasticized polyvinylchloride (PVC) membranes were investigated. Complexes tetraphenyl porphyrin iron(III) chloride (FeTPPCl; A), tetrakis (4-methoxyphenyl) porphyrin iron(III) chloride (Fe(TOCH 3PP)Cl; B), tetrakis (2,6-dichlorophenyl) porphyrin iron(III) chloride (Fe(TDClPP)Cl; C), tetrakis (4-nitrophenyl) porphyrin iron(III) chloride (Fe(TNO2PP)Cl; D), and tetrakis (pentafluorophenyl) porphyrin iron(III) chloride (Fe(TPFPP)Cl; E) were used as... 

    The advantage of spectrophotometric measurement for size-selective complexing of Cu(II) with O2N2-azacrown ligands

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 139 , March , 2015 , Pages 286-289 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Ghanbari, B ; Gholamnezhad, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    A comparative investigation of the interaction of Cu(II) with a series of 15- to 19-membered mixed-donor dibenzo-substituted macrocyclic ligands, each incorporating an O2N2-donor set, has been carried out using UV-Visible studies in methanol. Although a ring size effect has been reported for a related series of Ni(II) complexes, no such metal ion discrimination has been reported for Cu(II) in terms of its binding constants with 14- to 17-membered macrocycles. Employing Job's method of continuous variation established 1:1 stoichiometry for the interaction between Cu(II) and 1-5. From UV-Visible studies applying the Benesi-Hildebrand equation, the binding constants (K) of Cu(II) with 1-5 were... 

    Evaluation of the effect of organic pollutants exposure on the antioxidant activity, total phenolic and total flavonoid content of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) using UV–Vis spectrophotometry and chemometrics

    , Article Microchemical Journal ; Volume 170 , 2021 ; 0026265X (ISSN) Nikzad, N ; Parastar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2021
    In the present contribution, the effects of different contaminants of emerging concerns (CECs), including parabens, drugs, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on antioxidant activity of Lactuca sativa L. in different concentration levels (10–500 µg L−1) were evaluated using ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectrophotometry combined with chemometric techniques. The extracts of lettuce samples were investigated for the antioxidant activity (AA), total phenolic content (TPC), and total flavonoid content (TFC) after 39 days of planting and 14 days of exposure. Then, the spectroscopic data were arranged in two different data matrices, including (i) the control lettuce samples and PAHs... 

    Kinetics of oxygen adsorption on ZnS nanoparticles synthesized by precipitation process

    , Article Materials Science- Poland ; Volume 34, Issue 2 , 2016 , Pages 260-265 ; 20831331 (ISSN) Ahmadi, R ; Sadrnezhad, S. K ; Namivandi Zangeneh, R ; Oghabian, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Walter de Gruyter GmbH 
    ZnS nanoparticles were synthesized through a one-step precipitation process. Effect of time and temperature on the formation reaction was investigated. The synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet (UV) visible absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectrophotometry. Based on XRD and UV-Vis data, the particles produced at 70 °C had a mean particle size of about 5 nm. Increasing time and temperature of the synthesis reaction resulted in photoluminescence intensification. PL spectroscopy helped understanding the adsorption kinetics of oxygen on ZnS nanoparticles during the precipitation synthesis process. Fabrication of ZnS structures with appropriate... 

    Artificial neural network assisted kinetic spectrophotometric technique for simultaneous determination of paracetamol and p-aminophenol in pharmaceutical samples using localized surface plasmon resonance band of silver nanoparticles

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 138 , March , 2015 , Pages 474-480 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Khodaveisi, J ; Dadfarnia, S ; Haji Shabani, A. M ; Rohani Moghadam, M ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Spectrophotometric analysis method based on the combination of the principal component analysis (PCA) with the feed-forward neural network (FFNN) and the radial basis function network (RBFN) was proposed for the simultaneous determination of paracetamol (PAC) and p-aminophenol (PAP). This technique relies on the difference between the kinetic rates of the reactions between analytes and silver nitrate as the oxidizing agent in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) which is the stabilizer. The reactions are monitored at the analytical wavelength of 420 nm of the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) band of the formed silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs). Under the optimized conditions, the... 

    Growth and characterization of sodium-tungsten oxide nanobelts with U-shape cross section

    , Article Journal of Crystal Growth ; Volume 310, Issue 4 , 2008 , Pages 824-828 ; 00220248 (ISSN) Azimirad, R ; Goudarzi, M ; Akhavan, O ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Fathipour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A simple method for synthesis of Na0.65WO3 nanobelts by using sodium, as a catalyst, in soda-lime glass substrate was reported. The synthesized product was characterized and analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometery. According to SEM observations, nanobelts with U-shape cross section grew between sodium-tungsten oxide islands. The thickness, width, and length of nanobelts were measured <100 nm, between 300 nm-3 μm and 5-20 μm, respectively. In addition, it was observed that some of the nanobelts were constituted from nanowires. Based on XPS analysis, more than 70% of the film... 

    Spectral characterization of novel ternary zinc(II) complexes containing 1,10-phenanthroline and schiff bases derived from amino acids and salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonates

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 67, Issue 3-4 , 2007 , Pages 944-949 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Boghaei, D. M ; Gharagozlou, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of new ternary zinc(II) complexes [Zn(L1-10)(phen)], where phen is 1,10-phenanthroline and H2L1-10 = tridentate Schiff base ligands derived from the condensation of amino acids (glycine, l-phenylalanine, l-valine, l-alanine, and l-leucine) and salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonates (sodium salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate and sodium 3-methoxy-salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate), have been synthesized. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectra. The IR spectra of the complexes showed large differences between νas(COO) and νs(COO), Δν (νas(COO) - νs(COO)) of 191-225 cm-1, indicating a monodentate coordination of the carboxylate group. Spectral data... 

    Spectrophotometric Determination of Azinphos methyl Based on Aggregation of Colloidal Gold Nanoparticle

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bakht Khosh Hagh, Haleh (Author) ; Hormozi-Nezhad, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Torkian, Ayoub (Supervisor)
    There is an increasing need for food by the growth of population. To meet this need, the use of pesticides is increasing. Among pesticides organophosphorous compounds are the ones with the most usage. Liquid and gas chromatography are commonly used to measure orghanpphosphrous pesticides. These methods are relatively time consuming and require a tedious sample preparation.
    Herein we report a sensitive colorimetric method for detection and measurement of Azinphos methyl, based on unmodified gold nanoparticles aggregation and changes in plasmonic band. Azinphos methyl, containing different soft acidic groups acts as a bridge, causes aggregation, and changes in plasmonic band. Changes in... 

    An investigation on electrochromic properties of (WO3)1-x-(Fe2O3)x thin films

    , Article Thin Solid Films ; Volume 515, Issue 2 SPEC. ISS , 2006 , Pages 644-647 ; 00406090 (ISSN) Azimirad, R ; Akhavan, O ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2006
    In this research, the effect of Fe2O3 content on the electrochromic properties of WO3 in thermally evaporated (WO3)1-x-(Fe2O3)x thin films (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4) has been studied. The atomic composition of the deposited metal oxides was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. The surface morphology of the thin films has been examined by atomic force microscopy. The surface roughness of all the films was measured about 1.3 nm with an average lateral grain size of 30 nm showing a smooth and nanostructured surface. The electrochromic properties of (WO3)1-x-(Fe2O3)x thin films deposited on ITO/glass substrate were studied in a LiClO4 + PC electrolyte by using ultraviolet-visible... 

    Synthesis, characterization, electrochemical studies and catecholase-like activity of a series of mononuclear Cu(II), homodinuclear Cu(II)Cu(II) and heterodinuclear Cu(II)Ni(II) complexes of a phenol-based compartmental ligand

    , Article Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical ; Volume 241, Issue 1-2 , 2005 , Pages 1-7 ; 13811169 (ISSN) Boghaei, D. M ; Behzad, M ; Bezaatpour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of previously reported mononuclear Cu(II) and homodinuclear Cu(II)Cu(II) complexes, as well as, novel mononuclear Cu(II), homodinuclear Cu(II)Cu(II), and heterodinuclear Cu(II)Ni(II) complexes of a phenol-based dinucleating ligand with two different N(amine)2O2 and N(imine)2O2 coordination sites, were synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, infrared and electronic absorption spectroscopies and conductivity measurements. The electrochemical behavior and catecholase-like activity of the complexes were also studied using cyclic voltammetry and UV-vis spectrophotometry, respectively. Our results show that the dinuclear complexes are more effective catalysts in the oxidation... 

    A novel technique to semi-quantitatively study the stability of emulsions and the kinetics of the coalescence under different dynamic conditions

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Vol. 460 , 2014 , pp. 327-332 ; ISSN: 09277757 Karbaschi, M ; Orr, R ; Bastani, D ; Javadi, A ; Lotfi, M ; Miller, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The kinetics of coalescence is studied experimentally using a new technique for tracking the process in the bulk phase. For this aim, aqueous solutions of KSCN (colorless) and FeCl3 (light yellow) are used to make individual W/O emulsions. Any coalescence occurred between drops containing KSCN solution and those containing FeCl3 solution would combine these solutions. This leads to a reddish brown solution due to the formation of iron(III)thiocyanate. The intensity change of this red color with time represents the dynamics of coalescence occurring between drops of different emulsified aqueous droplets. The detector response to any changes in the system is recorded as a function of time. In... 

    Useful multivariate kinetic analysis: Size determination based on cystein-induced aggregation of gold nanoparticles

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 115 , 2013 , Pages 588-594 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Rabbani, F ; Nezhad, M. R. H ; Abdollahi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study describes spectrometric monitored kinetic processes to determine the size of citrate-capped Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) based on aggregation induced by L-cysteine (L-Cys) as a molecular linker. The Au NPs association process is thoroughly dependent on pH, concentration and size of nanoparticles. Size dependency of aggregation inspirits to determine the average diameters of Au NPs. For this aim the procedure is achieved in aqueous medium at pH 7 (phosphate buffer), and multivariate data including kinetic spectra of Au NPs are collected during aggregation process. Subsequently partial least squares (PLS) modeling is carried out analyzing the obtained data. The model is built on the... 

    Separation of phenolic glycolipids in mycobacterium bovis BCG by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography

    , Article Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences ; Volume 22, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 145-149 ; 1011601X (ISSN) Salimi, M ; Pourabdi, L ; Zakeri, M ; Abdipour, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    A crude phenolic glycolipid extract from Mycobacterium bovis BCG was fractionated by column chromatography. A reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with UV detection at 275nm was developed for simultaneous detection and separation of phenolic glycolipids (PGLs) in Mycobacterium bovis BCG. This analysis provides a good resolution. Different solvent systems and columns for HPLC were compared. A system composed of acetonitrile-water in the ratio of 0→80% at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min and C8 analytical column were found to be optimum for HPLC of the phenolic glycolipids. This simple method is therefore appropriate to purify these compounds present in M. bovis extract... 

    Synthesis of magnetic metal-organic framework nanocomposite (ZIF-8@SiO2@MnFe2O4) as a novel adsorbent for selective dye removal from multicomponent systems

    , Article Microporous and Mesoporous Materials ; Volume 273 , 2019 , Pages 177-188 ; 13871811 (ISSN) Abdi, J ; Mahmoodi, N. M ; Vossoughi, M ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Herein, magnetic metal-organic framework nanocomposite (ZIF-8@SiO2@MnFe2O4) was synthesized. The ultrasound-assisted simultaneous adsorption of Malachite Green (MG) and Methyl Orange (MO) as cationic and anionic dyes onto ZIF-8@SiO2@MnFe2O4 magnetic microporous nanocomposite (MMNC) as a novel adsorbent was investigated. The FTIR, FESEM, TEM, XRD, BET and VSM were used to characterize the prepared adsorbent. The analysis of dyes concentration in a binary mixture was investigated using zero-order and first order derivative spectrophotometry. The individual effects and possible interactions between the various parameters were investigated by response surface methodology (RSM). The optimized... 

    Optical detection of phenolic compounds based on the surface plasmon resonance band of Au nanoparticles

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 71, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 199-203 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Alimohammadi, M ; Tashkhourian, J ; Razavian, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    An indirect colorimetric method is presented for detection of trace amounts of hydroquinone (1), catechol (2) and pyrogallol (3). The reduction of AuCl4- to Gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) by these phenolic compounds in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) produced very intense surface plasmon resonance peak of Au-NPs. The plasmon absorbance of Au-NPs allows the quantitative colorimetric detection of the phenolic compounds. The calibration curves derived from the changes in absorbance at λ = 568 nm were linear with concentration of hydroquinone, catechol and pyrogallol in the range of 7.0 × 10-7 to 1.0 × 10-4M, 6.0 × 10-6 to 2.0 × 10-4 M and 6.0 × 10-7 to 1.0 × 10-4 M,... 

    Charge Transfer Complexes of Substituted Bis (thiophen-2-Ylmethylene)Benzene-1,4-Diamine Schiff Bases with Iodine and TCNE

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pourhadi kalebasti, Hadi (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    The charge transfer interaction of two Schiff-bases 2,5-dichloro -bis(thiophen-2-ylmethylene)benzene-1,4-diamine and 2,5-dimethyl-bis(thiophen-2- ylmethylene) benzene-1,4-diamine as donors with I2 and TCNE ethylene as acceptors have been studied spectrophotometrically.
    The formation constants and extinction coefficients of charge transfer complexes have been determined by graphical as well as iterative methods. From measurements at different temperatures the thermodynamic functions of the charge transfer complex formation have been studied. The temperature dependence of the K can be used for the determination of the thermodynamic reaction quantities (ΔG, ΔS, ΔH) for linear regression... 

    Synthesis and characterization of electrochemically grown CdSe nanowires with enhanced photoconductivity

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics ; Volume 26, Issue 3 , March , 2015 , Pages 1395-1402 ; 09574522 (ISSN) Kalhori, H ; Irajizad, A ; Azarian, A ; Ashiri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2015
    CdSe nanowires were grown in polycarbonate track etched membrane with pore diameter of 80 nm by an electrochemical deposition technique. The mechanism of the growth was studied during the potentiostatic deposition of nanowires. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry results showed binding of fragments and fraction of atoms for the CdSe nanowires. Microstructure and morphology of synthesized CdSe nanowires were observed by scanning electron microscopy. Optical spectrophotometry technique was used to determine the energy band gap of CdSe nanowires. It was found that the nanowires were resistive in the dark and exhibited a pronounced visible light photoconductivity.... 

    A unique sensitive and highly selective fluorescent naphthodiaza-crown macrocyclic ligand chemosensor for Hg2+ in water

    , Article Journal of Fluorescence ; Volume 27, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 1385-1398 ; 10530509 (ISSN) Ghanbari, B ; Zarepour jevinani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    The noticeable enhancement in fluorescence emission of O2N2-donor naphthodiaza-crown macrocyclic ligand (L) in the presence of Hg2+ was observed in which the fluorescence quantum yield of free ligand L as well as L/Hg2+ complex were found to be as 0.29 and 0.49, respectively. The observed ultra-low limit of detection (LOD) for Hg2+ by L was determined as low as 1.0 × 10−11 M in water. A 1:1 stoichiometry was also established for L/Hg2+ together with a binding constant KBH = 66,543 by employing fluorescence spectrophotometry. The competition experiments on L/Hg2+ demonstrated highly selective detection of Hg2+ in the presence of the library cations. A two path mechanism for detection of metal... 

    Evaluation of the effects of fullerene c60 nanoparticles on oxidative stress parameters in normal rats liver and brain

    , Article Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research ; Volume 27, Issue 124 , 2019 , Pages 8-15 ; 26766264 (ISSN) Namadr, F ; Bahrami, F ; Bahri, Z ; Ghanbari, B ; Elahi, S. A ; Mohammadi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Zanjan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services  2019
    Background & Objective: The potent antioxidant property of fullerene C60 nanoparticles and their derivatives has been demonstrated in a wide range of in vitro and in vivo studies. Hence, we examined the effects of fullerene C60 on the oxidative stress parameters in brain and liver of the rats in normal situation. Materials & Methods: The study was performed in two groups of Wistar rats (each group, n = 6); normal and fullerene-treated normal animals. Treated rats received fullerene via oral gavage at dose of 1 mg/kg/day for 60 days. At termination of the study, the oxidative stress parameters were determined in brain and liver tissues, including the contents of glutathione (GSH) and... 

    Size variation and optical absorption of sol-gel Ag nanoparticles doped SiO2 thin film

    , Article Thin Solid Films ; Volume 515, Issue 2 SPEC. ISS , 2006 , Pages 771-774 ; 00406090 (ISSN) Babapour, A ; Akhavan, O ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Hosseini, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2006
    In this research, we have focused on the formation of Ag nanoparticles dispersed in SiO2 matrix using sol-gel method. The influences of the metal concentration on the size variation of Ag nanoparticles and the size effect on the surface plasmon absorption have been studied. Sol-gel silica thin films containing Ag particles were synthesized by dip-coating on soda-lime glasses. The molar ratio of Ag / Si was chosen from 0.2% to 8%. All films were dried in air at 100 °C for 1 h. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, the Ag / Si ratios in the prepared films have been measured. In addition, it was shown that the prepared matrix was a stoichiometric composition as SiO2, and the synthesized...