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    Production of zinc oxide nanoparticles by liquid phase processing: An investigation on optical properties

    , Article 2nd International Conference on Diffusion in Solids and Liquids, DSL-2006, Aveiro, 26 July 2006 through 28 July 2006 ; Volume 553 , 2007 , Pages 252-256 ; 02555476 (ISSN); 0878494383 (ISBN); 9780878494385 (ISBN) Vafaee, M ; Youzbashizade, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Trans Tech Publications Ltd  2007
    In the recent years, many researchers have been interested in nanoparticles because of their unique properties. In this study, a method for producing ZnO nanoparticle colloids is proposed. The colloids were characterized by spectroscopic analyzer. By absorption spectrum study, we found out that colloids were consisted of nanoparticles with less than 10 nanometer size. The quantum confinement effect in these spectrums was recognized through blue shift of onset absorption wavelengths. These wavelengths shift from 370 nm to 340 nm by decreasing the particles size. Transmittion electron micrographs showed formation of zinc oxide nanoparticles  

    Scanning tunneling spectroscopy of porous silicon in presence of methanol

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 120, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 172-176 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Rahimi, F ; Iraji zad, A ; Vaseghinia, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this research, we used the scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) technique to probe the local electrical properties of the surface of meso-porous silicon and its substrate, including local density of states (DOS) in air and in methanol environment to increase our knowledge of sensing phenomena. Meso-porous silicon was prepared on p+-type Si which has high sensitivity toward methanol. Observations revealed that while the surface electrical properties of p+-type Si have not sensible change toward methanol, average local density of state of the porous layer increases after the exposure to methanol especially in the E < EF region. Moreover, large number of surface states is produced in band... 

    Investigation of the Shaft Failure Connected to Extruder

    , Article Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention ; Volume 15, Issue 6 , 2015 , Pages 775-781 ; 15477029 (ISSN) Pelaseyed, S. S ; Mashayekhi, F ; Movahedi-Rad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2015
    In this study, the failure analysis of a shaft of a unit, which had been failed during the service, was studied. This shaft was welded to the blades, and their chemical compositions were determined by spectroscopy method. In order to determine the root cause of failure and contribution factors, different investigation methods including visual examination, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscope analysis, and hardness test were carried out. It was concluded that the shaft was failed due to fatigue. The failure was caused by improper welding of blades to the shaft. At the end, in order to prevent or decelerate such failure, some recommended remedies were suggested  

    Molecular dynamics simulation investigation of hexanoic acid adsorption onto calcite (1014)surface

    , Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 387 , 2015 , Pages 24-31 ; 03783812 (ISSN) Ghatee, M. H ; Koleini, M. M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper we report the results of classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of hexanoic acid adsorption on calcite (101-4) surface plane using Pavese and AMBER force fields for calcite and hexanoic acid, respectively. Pair correlation function, strictly suggests a well-structured adsorption. Density profile indicates the adsorption occurs through double-bonded O atom of the acid head group by direct interaction with Ca atom at calcite surface. Adsorption orientation of H and double-bonded O atoms was found to be as lock and key with respect to calcite surface Ca and O atoms, facilitating an effective adsorption. Adsorption time evolution indicates that O atom adsorption is... 

    Synthesis, crystal structures and Hirshfeld surface analyses of two new Salen type nickel/sodium heteronuclear complexes

    , Article Journal of Molecular Structure ; Volume 1110 , 2016 , Pages 119-127 ; 00222860 (ISSN) Mahlooji, N ; Behzad, M ; Tarahhomi, A ; Maroney, M ; Rudbari, H. A ; Bruno, G ; Ghanbari, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Two new heteronuclear Nickel(II)/Sodium(I) complexes of a side-off compartmental Schiff base ligand were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods. Crystal structures of both of the complexes were also obtained. The Schiff base ligand was synthesized from the condensation of meso-1,2-diphenyl-1,2-ethylenediamine with 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde. In both of the complexes the Ni(II) ion is coordinated to the inner N2O2 coordination sphere with square-planar geometry and the Na(I) ion is coordinated to the outer O2O2′ coordination sphere. In Complex (1) with general formula [Ni(L)Na(CH3OH)(ClO4)] the sodium ion is seven coordinated while in (2) with general formula... 

    Preparation of stable dispersion of graphene using copolymers: dispersity and aromaticity analysis

    , Article Soft Materials ; Volume 17, Issue 2 , 2019 , Pages 190-202 ; 1539445X (ISSN) Qamar, S ; Yasin, S ; Ramzan, N ; Iqbal, T ; Akhtar, M. N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2019
    In this study, effectiveness of non-ionic block copolymers such as Lugalvan BNO12 and Triton X series (Triton X100 & Triton X405) has been reported for graphene dispersion in aqueous solutions. Stability of the aqueous graphene dispersions is investigated using UV–visible spectroscopy, Rheological, and Conductivity studies. Adsorption isotherms are constructed to determine the amount of polymers adsorbed on the surface of graphene by the spectroscopic analysis. Lugalvan BNO12 has been found to be adsorbed in higher amounts on the graphene surface compared to the Triton X series polymers. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy investigations... 

    Intra-And intermolecular interactions in a series of chlorido-tricarbonyl-diazabutadienerhenium(I) complexes: Structural and theoretical studies

    , Article Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials ; Volume 76 , May , 2020 , Pages 417-426 Kia, R ; Kalaghchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    International Union of Crystallography  2020
    A series of new chlorido-tri­carbonylrhenium(I) complexes bearing alkyl-substituted diazabutadiene (DAB) ligands, namely N,N′-bis­(2,4-di­methyl­benzene)-1,4-di­aza­butadiene (L1), N,N′-bis­(2,4-di­methyl­benzene)-2,3-di­methyl-1,4-di­aza­butadiene (L2), N,N′-bis­(2,4,6-tri­methyl­benzene)-2,3-di­methyl-1,4-di­aza­butadiene (L3) and N,N′-bis­(2,6-diiso­propyl­benzene)-1,4-di­azabutadiene (L4), were synthesized and investigated. The crystal structures have been fully characterized by X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic methods. Density functional theory, natural bond orbital and non-covalent interaction index methods have been used to study the optimized geometry in the gas phase and intra-... 

    Facile synthesis of monodisperse thermally immiscible Ag-Ni alloy nanoparticles at room temperature

    , Article Bulletin of Materials Science ; Vol. 37, issue. 6 , 2014 , pp. 1447-1452 Tabatabaei, S ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Ag and Ni are immiscible, mainly due to their large lattice mismatch. This paper reports on their nanoscale formation of solid solution at room temperature by simple reduction reactions which lead to the amorphous Ag-Ni alloy nanoparticles (ANPs) with mono-disperse distribution. Microscopic and spectroscopic studies confirmed dependence of the alloy composition on size of nanoparticles. In the presence of different ligands such as sodium citrate, polyvinyl alcohol and potassium carbonate a mixture of silver oxide and Ag-Ni ANPs was achieved. Stoichiometry of the Ag-Ni ANPs was also found to be strongly dependent on ligands of the reduction reaction and further study shows without any ligand... 

    Removal of the CO2 from flue gas utilizing hybrid composite adsorbent MIL-53(Al)/GNP metal-organic framework

    , Article Microporous and Mesoporous Materials ; Volume 218 , 2015 , Pages 144-152 ; 13871811 (ISSN) Pourebrahimi, S ; Kazemeini, M ; Ganji Babakhani, E ; Taheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract In this study, adsorption of the CO2 and N2 gases on the MIL-53(Al) and its hybrid composite with the graphene nano-plates (GNP), MIL-53(Al)/GNP, adsorbents were investigated. These materials were synthesized using the solvothermal reaction method. The prepared samples were characterized by means of the powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms (BET-BJH surface area measurement) and Fourier transfer infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy methods as well as; thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Adsorption equilibrium of the CO2 and N2 on the sorbents were... 

    Amine-functionalized magnetic nanocomposite particles for efficient immobilization of lipase: effects of functional molecule size on properties of the immobilized lipase

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 5, Issue 42 , Apr , 2015 , Pages 33313-33327 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Esmaeilnejad Ahranjani, P ; Kazemeini, M ; Singh, G ; Arpanaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    A cost-effective design of reusable enzyme-functionalized particles with better catalytic activity is of great scientific interest due to their applications in a wide range of catalytic reactions in several industrial processes. In this work, a systematic approach for preparing amine-functionalized magnetic nanocomposite particles through the surface modification of core/shell type Fe3O4 cluster@SiO2 particles by the small molecules of 3-(2-aminoethyl)aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (AAS) or the large molecules of polyethyleneimine (PEI) with two different molecular weights, as the support materials for enzyme immobilization, has been demonstrated. The functional... 

    Carbon nanotube-graft-block copolymers containing silver nanoparticles

    , Article International Journal of Nanoscience ; Volume 8, Issue 6 , 2009 , Pages 533-541 ; 0219581X (ISSN) Adeli, M ; Sepahvand, R ; Bahari, A ; Astinchap, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Polycaprolactone-polylactide block copolymers (PCL-block-PLA) were grafted onto filled multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) successfully. In this synthesis, MWCNTs were opened and functionalized, and then they were filled by silver nanoparticles. The filled MWCNT were used as macroinitiator for ring opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone and L-lactide. Then the end hydroxyl functional groups of MWCNT-graft-PCL or MWCNT-graft-PLA were used as initiator for ring opening polymerization of lactide and ε-caprolactone and MWCNT-graft-PCL-block-PLA or MWCNT-graft-PLA-block-PCL were obtained, respectively. Length of grafted copolymer chains onto the MWCNT was controlled using CNT/monomer ratio.... 

    Understanding the effect of chlorobenzene and isopropanol anti-solvent treatments on the recombination and interfacial charge accumulation in efficient planar perovskite solar cells

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry A ; Volume 6, Issue 29 , 2018 , Pages 14307-14314 ; 20507488 (ISSN) Prochowicz, D ; Tavakoli, M. M ; Solanki, A ; Goh, T. W ; Pandey, K ; Sum, T. C ; Saliba, M ; Yadav, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Organic-inorganic lead halide perovskites have emerged as very promising semiconductors with efficiencies exceeding 22% making them a serious candidate for next generation solar cells. All current high performance perovskite solar cells (PSCs), including the most recent world records, were achieved using the so-called anti-solvent method. Here, an anti-solvent, typically chlorobenzene (CB), is used to induce rapid crystallisation of a liquid perovskite precursor resulting in highly homogenous, pinhole-free planar perovskite films. While this has yielded very impressive high-performance results, few efforts have been dedicated to the fundamental understanding of the anti-solvent method. In... 

    Mechanochemical green synthesis of exfoliated edge-functionalized boron nitride quantum dots: application to vitamin c sensing through hybridization with gold electrodes

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 10, Issue 34 , 2018 , Pages 28819-28827 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Angizi, S ; Hatamie, A ; Ghanbari, H ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2018
    Two-dimensional boron nitride quantum dots (2D BNQDs) with excellent chemical stability, high photoluminescence efficiency, and low toxicity are a new class of advanced materials for biosensing and bioimaging applications. To overcome the current challenge about the lack of facile, scalable, and reproducible synthesis approach of BNQDs, we introduce a green and facile approach based on mechanochemical exfoliation of bulk h-BN particles in ethanol. Few-layered hydroxylated-functionalized QDs with a thickness of 1-2 nm and a lateral dimension of 2-6 nm have been prepared. The synthesized nanocrystals exhibit a strong fluorescence emission at 407 and 425 nm with a quantum efficiency of ∼6.2%.... 

    Synthesis, crystal structure and DNA interaction of a new water-soluble derivative of pyrazino[2,3-f][1,10] phenanthroline; theoretical calculations, experimental and molecular docking studies

    , Article Journal of Molecular Structure ; Volume 1165 , 2018 , Pages 267-275 ; 00222860 (ISSN) Aminzadeh, M ; Eslami, A ; Kia, R ; Aleeshah, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    The new water-soluble derivative of pyrazino[2,3-f][1,10] phenanthroline has been synthesized and characterized by conductivity measurement, elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectroscopic studies, as well as single crystal x-ray crystallography. Theoretical calculations have been performed using the density functional theory (DFT) in order to confirm the structure and understand the electronic structure of the synthesized compound. The DNA binding properties of the compound were investigated by absorption spectroscopy, melting temperature and viscosity measurements. The intrinsic binding constant, Kb, was determined as 7.84 × 103 M−1 at 298 K. Thermodynamic parameters showed that... 

    First heterobimetallic AgI–CoIII coordination compound with both bridging and terminal –NO2 coordination modes: Synthesis, characterization, structural and computational studies of (PPh3)2AgI– (μ-κ2O,O′:κN-NO2)–COIII(DMGH)2(κN-NO2)

    , Article Acta Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry ; Volume 74, Issue 8 , 2018 , Pages 882-888 ; 20532296 (ISSN) Kia, R ; Batmanghelich, S ; Raithby, P. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell  2018
    An unusual heterobimetallic bis(triphenylphosphane)(NO2)AgI–CoIII(dimethyl-glyoximate)(NO2) coordination compound with both bridging and terminal –NO2 (nitro) coordination modes has been isolated and characterized from the reaction of [CoCl(DMGH)2(PPh3)] (DMGH2 is dimethylglyoxime or N,N′-di-hydroxybutane-2,3-diimine) with excess AgNO2. In the title compound, namely bis(dimethylglyoximato-1κ2O,O′)(μ-nitro-1κN:2κ2O,O′)(nitro-1κN)bis(triphenyl-phosphane-2κP)cobalt(III)silver(I), [AgCo(C4H7N2O2)2(NO2)2(C18H15P)2], one of the ambidentate –NO2 ligands, in a bridging mode, chelates the AgI atom in an isobidentate κ2O,O′-manner and its N atom is coordinated to the CoIII atom. The other –NO2 ligand... 

    Self-assembly of tryptophan-capped gold nanoparticles onto DNA network template

    , Article Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology ; Volume 30, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 254-258 ; 01932691 (ISSN) Sheikholeslami, Z ; Vosoughi, M ; Alemsadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, a simple route to the formation of DNA-gold complex has been reported, using immobilized DNA as a template. The nanoporous gold films have been prepared by the electrostatic self assembly of gold nanoparticles capped with tryptophan. Tryptophan would improve surface properties of gold nanoparticles for strongly attaching to DNA. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed that gold nanoparticles have been capped by tryptophan. Also measured zeta potential shows that there are positive charges on the surface of gold nanoparticles. Investigations by atomic force microscopy substantially confirm that tryptophan-capped gold nanoparticles can be bonded to DNA template... 

    Irradiation synthesis of biopolymer-based superabsorbent hydrogel: optimization using the taguchi method and investigation of its swelling behavior

    , Article Advances in Polymer Technology ; Volume 28, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 131-140 ; 07306679 (ISSN) Rezanejade Bardajee, G ; Pourjavadi, A ; Soleyman, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this report, the synthesis of a novel superabsorbent hydrogel via γ-irradiation graft copolymerization of acrylamide onto sodium alginate and kappa-carrageenan hybrid backbones in a homogeneous solution is described. The Taguchi method was used as a powerful experimental design tool for synthesis optimization. A series of superabsorbent hydrogels was synthesized by proposed conditions of Qualitek-4 software. Considering the results of nine trials according to analysis of variance, optimum conditions were proposed. The swelling behavior of optimum superabsorbent hydrogels was studied in various solutions, with pH values ranging from 1 to 13. In addition, swelling kinetics, swelling in... 

    Hybrid multiwalled carbon nanotubes and trioxide tungsten nanoparticles for hydrogen gas sensing

    , Article Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics ; Volume 42, Issue 16 , 2009 ; 00223727 (ISSN) Ghasempour, R ; Iraji zad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The WO3/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) hybrid films were fabricated by spin-coating on an alumina substrate. The structure, morphology, chemical composition and quality of the as-prepared WO3 nanoparticles, functionalized MWNTs and WO3/MWNTs hybrid films were studied by SEM, TEM, XRD, XPS, DLS and Raman spectroscopy methods. Results show that WO3 nanoparticles were nucleated on oxygenated functionalized MWNTs in hybrid suspension. After coating and annealing the films at 350 °C, the hybrid WO3/MWNTs films present rather linear gas sensitivity as a function of hydrogen concentrations at 300 °C. Results are discussed based on surface increase as well as development of two types of... 

    Novel Cu2O/Cu-MOF/rGO is reported as highly efficient catalyst for reduction of 4-nitrophenol

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 237 , 2019 ; 02540584 (ISSN) Akbarzadeh, E ; Zare Soheili, H ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Cu-MOF/rGO nanocomposite was synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal method and used as proper support for Cu2O particles. Various microscopic and spectroscopic methods were applied to characterize the morphology of Cu2O/Cu-MOF/rGO nanocatalyst. Catalytic results of 4-nitrophenol reduction in the presence of NaBH4 indicate that as-synthesized nanocomposite shown significant improved activity compared with pure Cu2O particles. Enhanced catalytic performance of nanocomposite can be ascribed to the high adsorption ability of Cu-MOF and effective electron transfer due to the presence of rGO. A possible mechanism was proposed for catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol over Cu2O/Cu-MOF/rGO. © 2019... 

    Polyphosphate-reduced graphene oxide on Ni foam as a binder free electrode for fabrication of high performance supercapacitor

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 296 , 2019 , Pages 130-141 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Talebi, M ; Asen, P ; Shahrokhian, S ; Ahadian, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Polyphosphate reduced graphene oxide on Ni foam (PPO-RGO/NF) is synthesized by varying weight ratios of Na5P3O10 (PO): graphene oxide (GO) with a simple, scalable and low cost method through freeze-drying of the PO-GO/NF followed by thermal treatment of the prepared electrodes. The resulting samples are characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and raman spectroscopy methods. The results show that the weight ratio of PO:GO, considerably affect the...