Search for: square-wave-voltammetry
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    Nucleophilic addition of thiaproline to electrochemically derived o-quinone, application to the sensitive voltammetric detection of thiaproline

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 18, Issue 22 , 2006 , Pages 2225-2231 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Amiri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The mechanism of electrochemical behavior of catechol in the presence of thiaproline is investigated by cyclic voltammetry, controlled-potential coulometry and spectrophotometric tracing of the reaction coordinate. The results indicate that thiaproline participate in with an ECEC mechanism in a nucleophilic (Michael) addition to o-quinone. Effect of pH of buffer solution on reaction pathway is studied and showed that addition of thiaproline to the o-quinone is performed only in solutions with pHs higher than 5. These results indicate that the addition of thiaproline is occurred first from amine functional group. In the second step, the addition of carboxylate group of thiaproline to C-5 of... 

    Electrochemical oxidation of dopamine in the presence of sulfhydryl compounds: Application to the square-wave voltammetric detection of penicillamine and cysteine

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 51, Issue 20 , 2006 , Pages 4271-4276 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Bozorgzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Electro-oxidation of dopamine at a glassy carbon electrode was investigated in the presence of some biologically important thiols (R-SH), e.g. cysteine and penicillamine. Results of cyclic voltammetric studies together with the spectrophotometric foundations via Ellman's test during the controlled-potential coulometry show a nucleophilic addition/reduction of thiol to the electrochemically generated dopaminoquinone by a 1 + 4 Michael addition. The resulting ring substituted substrate (as RS-form) is more easily oxidized leading to an increase in the anodic current of dopamine, which is proportional to the concentration of thiol. The square-wave voltammetry (SWV) were applied as a very... 

    Highly sensitive 3D gold nanotube ensembles: Application to electrochemical determination of metronidazole

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 106 , 2013 , Pages 288-292 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Mollamahale, Y. B ; Ghorbani, M ; Ghalkhani, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Three-dimensional gold nanoelectrode ensembles (3D GNE) have proven to be promising nanoelectrodes by representing much higher sensitivity compared to both their 2D nanostructures and bulk counterparts. The sensitivity of 3D gold nanotubes (GNTs) fabricated through electrodeposition inside the pores of polycarbonate templates, was examined toward metronidazole (MTZ) as one of their pharmaceutical applications. The electrochemical behavior of MTZ at the 3D GNT-modified electrode was discussed in detail through cyclic voltammetry (CV) which suggested an irreversible reduction of nitro group to the corresponding hydroxylamine and a subsequently reversible redox peak for the corresponding... 

    Rapid and simultaneous determination of tetracycline and cefixime antibiotics by mean of gold nanoparticles-screen printed gold electrode and chemometrics tools

    , Article Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation ; Vol. 47, Issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 145-149 ; ISSN: 02632241 Asadollahi-Baboli, M ; Mani-Varnosfaderani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The screen-printed gold electrode (SPGE) modified with the formation of self-assembly monolayer (SAM) of cysteine (Cys) on gold-nanoparticles (Au nano) was utilized for rapid and simultaneous determination of tetracycline and cefixime antibiotics by square wave voltammetry (SWV). Electrochemical investigation and characterization of the modified electrode was achieved using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A principal component artificial neural network (PCANN) with three layer back-propagation network was utilized for the analysis of the voltammogram data. It is possible to simultaneously determine the tetracycline and cefixime concentrations in the ranges of... 

    Selective voltammetric determination of d-penicillamine in the presence of tryptophan at a modified carbon paste electrode incorporating TiO2 nanoparticles and quinizarine

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 644, Issue 1 , Jan , 2010 , Pages 1-6 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Beitollahi, H ; Taleat, Z ; Naeimi, H ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    A carbon paste electrode (CPE) chemically modified with TiO2 nanoparticles and quinizarine (QZ) was used as a selective electrochemical sensor for the simultaneous determination of minor amounts of d-penicillamine (D-PA) and tryptophan (Trp). This modified electrode showed very efficient electrocatalytic activity for anodic oxidation of both d-PA and Trp. Substantial decreases of anodic overpotentials for both compounds made this analysis possible. Results of square wave voltammetry (SWV) using this modified electrode showed two well-resolved anodic waves for the oxidation of d-PA and Trp, which makes the simultaneous determination of both compounds possible. The peak potential for the... 

    Fabrication of modified TiO 2 nanoparticle carbon paste electrode for simultaneous determination of dopamine, uric acid, and l-cysteine

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 13, Issue 9 , 2009 , Pages 1433-1440 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Talebi, A ; Naeimi, H ; Nejati Barzoky, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    A carbon paste electrode, modified with 2, 2″-[1,7- hepthandiylbis(nitriloethylidyne)]-bis-hydroquinone and TiO 2 nanoparticles, was used for the simultaneous determination of dopamine (DA), uric acid (UA), and l-cysteine. The study was carried out by using cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry, and square wave voltammetry (SWV) techniques. Some kinetic parameters such as the electron transfer coefficient (α) and heterogeneous rate constant (k s) were also determined for the DA oxidation. A dynamic range of 8.0-1400 μM, with the detection limit of 8.4∈×∈10 -7 M for DA, was obtained using SWV (pH∈=∈7.0). The prepared electrode was successfully applied for the determination of DA, UA, and... 

    Application of carbon nanoparticle/chitosan modified electrode for the square-wave adsorptive anodic striping voltammetric determination of Niclosamide

    , Article Electrochemistry Communications ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 66-69 ; 13882481 (ISSN) Ghalkhani, M ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new modified electrode formed by carbon nanoparticle/chitosan film (CNP/CS) was used for electrocatalytic reduction of Niclosamide (NA). The electrochemical behavior of NA at the CNP/CS modified electrode was investigated in detail by the means of cyclic voltammetry. The reduction mechanism of NA, corresponds to the redox chemistry of nitro group, was thoroughly investigated. The effect of the experimental parameters e.g. potential and time of accumulation, pH of the buffered solutions and potential sweep rate on the response of the electrode was studied. The prepared electrode showed high stability and uniformity in the composite film, short response time, good reproducibility and an... 

    Anodic behavior of clioquinol at a glassy carbon electrode

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 80, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 175-181 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Ghalkhani, M ; Fernandes, I. P. G ; Oliveira, S. C. B ; Shahrokhian, S ; Oliveira-Brett, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Clioquinol is an antifungal, antiprotozoal and an Alzheimer's disease drug with cytotoxic activity toward human cancer cells. The electrochemical behavior of clioquinol and its oxidation product was studied using cyclic, differential pulse and square-wave voltammetry over a wide pH range on a glassy carbon electrode. The results revealed that the oxidation of clioquinol is an irreversible pH-dependent process that proceeds with the transfer of one electron and one proton in an adsorption-controlled mechanism and results in the formation of a main oxidation product, which adsorbs very strongly on the glassy carbon surface. The charge transfer coefficient was calculated as 0.64. The adsorbed...