Search for: steam
Total 128 records
Article ASME Power Conference 2008, Lake Buena Vista, FL, 22 July 2008 through 24 July 2008 ; July , 2008 , Pages 23-30 ; 9780791848326 (ISBN) ; Irani Rahaghi, A ; Mousavi, M. S ; Power Division, ASME ; Sharif University of Technology
Various methods are used in thermal power plants to adjust the superheated or reheated steam temperature to a pre-determined set point, including flue gas recirculation, using tilting burners and spray of water from discharge of feed water pump, etc. In this paper, an innovative method is presented to control the reheater temperature by tapping water from an interstage of the feed water pump to control reheater temperature at the Bisotoun Power Plant (a steam cycle based power plant in the western Iran). The spray water for the superheaters is secured from the discharge of feed water pump, but interstage water, instead of gas recirculation or using tilting burner, is used to control the...
The applicability of expanding solvent steam-assisted gravity drainage (ES-SAGD) in fractured systems, Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 28, Issue 18 , Oct , 2010 , Pages 1906-1918 ; 10916466 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
The aim of this contribution is to evaluate the performance of an expanding solvent steam assisted gravity drainage (ES-SAGD) process in naturally fractured systems. Steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) and ES-SAGD processes have been investigated in both conventional and fractured reservoir models and the effect of networked fractures on the recovery mechanism and performance of ES-SAGD has been investigated. Operational parameters such as steam quality, vertical distances between wells, and steam injection temperature have been also evaluated. Finally, to study the effect of a well's horizontal offset, a staggered ES-SAGD well configuration has been compared to a stacked ES-SAGD
The effect of geometrical properties of reservoir shale barriers on the performance of Steam-assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD), Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Volume 34, Issue 23 , 2012 , Pages 2178-2191 ; 15567036 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
Many bitumen reservoirs contain shale layers of varying thickness, lateral extent, and frequency. These shale layers, depending on their size, vertical and horizontal locations, and continuity throughout the reservoir, may act as a flow barrier and severely reduce vertical permeability of the pay zone and slow down the steam-assisted gravity drainage steam chamber development. Therefore, to improve productivity in these reservoirs, understanding of the effects of reservoir heterogeneities has become necessary. This work presents numerical investigation of the effects of shale barriers on steam-assisted gravity drainage performance when applied to produce mobile heavy oil. The most concern of...
Thermodynamic optimization of design variables and heat exchangers layout in HRSGs for CCGT, using genetic algorithm, Article Applied Thermal Engineering ; Volume 29, Issue 2-3 , 2009 , Pages 290-299 ; 13594311 (ISSN) ; Shayegan, J ; Sharif University of Technology
The heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) is one of the few equipments that are custom made for combined cycle power plants, and any change in its design affects all performance parameters of a steam cycle directly. Thus providing an optimization tool to optimize its design parameters and the layout of its heat exchangers is of great importance. A new method is introduced for modeling a steam cycle in advanced combined cycles by organizing non-linear equations and their simultaneous solutions by use of the hybrid Newton methods in this article. Thereafter, optimal thermodynamic performance conditions for HRSGs are calculated with the help of the genetic algorithm. In the conclusion, the...
Comparative study of conventional steam-methane-reforming (SMR) and auto-thermal-reforming (ATR) with their hybrid sorption enhanced (SE-SMR & SE-ATR) and environmentally benign process models for the hydrogen production, Article Fuel ; Volume 297 , 2021 ; 00162361 (ISSN) ; Tanveer, H. U ; Abbas, S. Z ; Maqbool, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
The paper presents a comparison of steam methane reforming (SMR), sorption enhanced steam methane reforming (SE-SMR), auto-thermal reforming (ATR), and sorption enhanced auto-thermal reforming (SE-ATR) in a fixed bed reformer for hydrogen production. A one-dimensional, unsteady-state heterogeneous reactor model for each process which includes mass and thermal dispersion in the direction of flow and axial pressure distribution, has been simulated using gPROMS® 4.0.1 model builder, while CEA and Aspen Plus® have been employed to analyze the equilibrium performance and simulate the process flowsheets of individual process respectively. The performance of the individual hydrogen production...
Article Applied Thermal Engineering ; Volume 25, Issue 17-18 , 2005 , Pages 3053-3066 ; 13594311 (ISSN) ; Davani, N ; Ardalan, P ; Sharif University of Technology
The temperature distribution in a finned tube bundle of an A-type air cooler is investigated. The heat transfer is governed by natural convection. By using a special steam condenser the effect of steam pressure on temperature fields formed outside the bank of finned tubes is studied. It is found that the distribution is approximately the same at various pressures with minor differences. The effects of two-phase flow on temperature distribution are also considered. All 3D temperature contours show maximum values, which highly depend on steam pressures. Moreover, asymmetric steam feeding and probable fouling inside the tubes are possible causes of contour shapes. The experimental Nusselt...
Article Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 29, Issue 3 , Summer , 2010 , Pages 109-122 ; 10219986 (ISSN) ; Pishvaie, M. R ; Vahid, T ; Sharif University of Technology
Production of highly viscous tar sand bitumen using Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) with a pair of horizontal wells has advantages over conventional steam flooding. This paper explores the use of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) as an alternative to the traditional SAGD simulation approach. Feed forward, multi-layered neural network meta-models are trained through the Back-Error-Propagation (BEP) learning algorithm to provide a versatile SAGD forecasting and analysis framework. The constructed neural network architectures are capable of estimating the recovery factors of the SAGD production as an enhanced oil recovery method satisfactorily. Rigorous studies regarding the hybrid...
Comparing different scenarios for thermal enhanced oil recovery in fractured reservoirs using hybrid solar-gas steam generators, a simulation study, Article Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Europec Featured at 78th EAGE Conference and Exhibition, 30 May 2016 through 2 June 2016 ; 2016 ; 9781613994573 (ISBN) ; Bashtani, F ; Tahmasebi, A ; Ayatollahi, S ; Al Wahaibi, Y. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Society of Petroleum Engineers 2016
The application of the renewable energy sources, especially solar energy, for thermal enhanced oil recovery methods as an economical and environmental valuable technique has received many attractions recently. Concentrated Solar Power systems are capable of producing substantial quantities of steam by means of focused sunlight as the heat source for steam generation. This paper aims to investigate viability of using this innovative technology in fractured reservoirs to generate steam instead of using conventional steam generators. A synthetic fractured reservoir with properties similar to those of giant carbonate oil reserves in the Middle East was designed by using commercial thermal...
Article Proceedings - The 12th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, ICEMS 2009, 15 November 2009 through 18 November 2009, Tokyo ; 2009 ; 9784886860675 (ISBN) ; Tahami, F ; Sharif University of Technology
The turbine control system is one of the key control loops in the dynamic performance of steam power generation units. In this paper a multivariable PID controller is designed for the governing system of steam turbine power generators. The necessary and sufficient conditions for existence of a strong robust H ∞ dynamic compensator are established in terms of linear matrix inequality (LMI) approach. This controller is designed in succeeding to the existing proportional controller in a power plant. To reach to this goal, the complete dynamic model of an actual turbine-generator including the governor, turbine and generator, are derived. Simulation results show that proposed controller has good...
Renewable hydrogen production by ethylene glycol steam reforming over Al2O3 supported Ni-Pt bimetallic nano-catalysts, Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 128 , 2018 , Pages 188-199 ; 09601481 (ISSN) ; Khorasheh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
The steam reforming of ethylene glycol, a simple model compound for biomass-derived liquids, is considered to be an environmentally green process for producing renewable hydrogen. Both Pt and Ni species are known for their catalytic activity under steam reforming reaction conditions. In this investigation, alumina supported Ni-Pt bimetallic catalysts (X wt% Ni-Y wt% Pt/Al2O3 named XNi-YPt) were employed for steam reforming of ethylene glycol. The prepared catalysts were characterized by XRD, BET, H2-TPR, H₂-Chemisorption, and TEM. It was observed that Ni/Pt ratio strongly affected the redox behavior, BET surface area, and particle size of the samples that in turn affected their catalytic...
Compartment model for steam reforming of methane in a membrane-assisted bubbling fluidized-bed reactor, Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 34, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 1275-1291 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Memari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
A compartment model was developed to describe the flow pattern of gas within the dense zone of a membrane-assisted fluidized-bed reactor (MAFBR), in the bubbling mode of operation for steam reforming of methane both with (adiabatic) and without (isothermal) entering oxygen. Considering such a flow pattern and using the experimental data reported elsewhere [Roy S, Pruden BB, Adris AM, Grace JR, Lim CJ. Fluidized-bed steam methane reforming with oxygen input. Chem Eng Sci 1999; 54:2095-2102.], the parameters of the developed model (i.e., number of compartments for the bubble and emulsion phases) were determined and fair agreements were obtained between model predictions and experimental data....
Article Nuclear Engineering and Technology ; Volume 53, Issue 8 , 2021 , Pages 2753-2760 ; 17385733 (ISSN) ; Talebi, S ; Fani, M ; Khajehpour, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Korean Nuclear Society 2021
This paper proposes using sodium-cooled fast reactor technologies for use in hydrogen vapor methane (SMR) modification. Using three independent energy rings in the Russian BN-600 fast reactor, steam is generated in one of the steam-generating cycles with a pressure of 13.1 MPa and a temperature of 505 °C. The reactor's second energy cycles can increase the gas-steam mixture's temperature to the required amount for efficient correction. The 620 ton/hr 540 °C steam generated in this cycle is sufficient to supply a high-temperature synthesis current source (700 °C), which raises the steam-gas mixture's temperature in the reactor. The proposed technology provides a high rate of hydrogen...
Article 2nd International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants, ICAPP 2003, Cordoba, 4 May 2003 through 7 May 2003 ; 2003 ; D'Auria, F ; Salehi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
American Nuclear Society 2003
Using of natural circulation concepts in nuclear and non-nuclear industry is very important. One of important methods in new designs of "innovative" fission reactor technologies is natural circulation scene. Natural circulation is based on buoyancy force; density differences between hot and cold legs including core and steam generators, and height of hot and cold zones. In this paper we studied natural circulation phenomena in two different heights of hot and cold zones by using of RELAP5 system code. Natural circulation Flow Map (NCFM) made for both cases and compared with experimental data. We have considered main components and systems of WWER-1000 plant in our model, such as pressure...
Article Ironmaking and Steelmaking ; Volume 30, Issue 1 , 2003 , Pages 18-24 ; 03019233 (ISSN) ; Motamed Hashemi, M. Y ; Bahrami Babaheidari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
IOM Communications Ltd 2003
The production of reducing gas is usually a bottleneck to capacity increase in direct reduction plants. Modelling and simulation of reducing gas production result in better design and operation of these plants. In the present work, a mathematical model is discussed that relates to a Midrex reformer, which is different from conventional steam reformers in some respects. Both process side and furnace side have been included in an integrated model. Simulation results have been tested against available data from an actual plant. The model predictions have been found to be reasonably accurate. The effects of three process variables, feed gas temperature, feed gas pressure and excess air, on...
Comparing the performance and recovery mechanisms for steam flooding in heavy and light oil reservoirs, Article Society of Petroleum Engineers- SPE Heavy Oil Conference ; Volume 1 , 2012 , Pages 28-36 ; 9781622761111 (ISBN) ; Ayatollahi, S ; Shabaninejad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The concern over fossil energy shortage for the next decade leads to the extensive research activities in the area of enhanced oil recovery. Steam injection as one of well known EOR process has been used for about five decades to improve the oil production rate and recovery efficiency. Steam flooding is applied to heavy and extra-heavy oil reservoirs; however it could be used in light oil reservoirs in which water injection do not work effectively. Regardless of different performances, this method is an efficient EOR process for both heavy and light oil reservoirs. In this work, two separate numerical models were prepared to investigate steam flooding performance for the recovery of light...
Steam reforming of methane in a tapered membrane - Assisted fluidized - Bed reactor: Modeling and simulation, Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 36, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 490-504 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Savari, C ; Ghasemi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
A compartment model was developed to describe the flow pattern of gas within the dense zone of a tapered membrane-assisted fluidized-bed reactor (TMAFBR), in the bubbling mode of operation for steam reforming of methane under wall heat flux. The parameters of the developed model (i.e., number of compartments for the bubble and emulsion phases) were determined using the experimental data reported elsewhere [Adris AM, Lim CJ, Grace JR. The fluidized bed membrane reactor system: a pilot scale experimental study. Chem Eng Sci 1994; 49:5833-43.] and good agreements were obtained between model predictions and corresponding experimental data. The developed model was then utilized to predict the...
Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy ; Volume 223, Issue 5 , 2009 , Pages 535-541 ; 09576509 (ISSN) ; Nademi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
This article addresses a combined approach of sliding mode control (SMC) with generalized predictive control (GPC) to achieve fluid temperature control in the evaporator of a heat recovery steam generator. The evaporator is modelled as a first-order plus dead time process. The model is developed using the experimental data obtained at an actual power plant. An output error identification algorithm is used to minimize the error between the model and the experiments in different operating conditions. A GPC method is exploited to optimize the sliding surface and the coefficients of the switching functions used in SMC. The proposed control schemes are evaluated by thorough simulation for...
Influence of metal loading and reduction temperature on the performance of mesoporous NiO–MgO–SiO2 catalyst in propane steam reforming, Article Journal of the Energy Institute ; Volume 96 , 2021 , Pages 38-51 ; 17439671 (ISSN) ; Farhadi, F ; Rezaei, M ; Kazemeini, M ; Keshavarz, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
In this research, a series of NiO–MgO–SiO2 catalyst samples with various nickel contents (5, 10, 15 and 20 wt %) were prepared by a co-precipitation method followed by a hydrothermal treatment and employed in propane steam reforming. The analyses revealed that the enhancement of the nickel content up to 15 wt % improved the propane conversion to 98.6% at 550 °C. Nonetheless, further increase in the nickel loading reduced the catalyst activity due to the formation of larger and more poorly dispersed active sites. Besides, 15 wt % nickel loading led to the high resistance against coke deposition with no detectable carbon on the catalyst surface. In addition, it was revealed that, the decrease...
Modeling of sorption enhanced steam methane reforming in an adiabatic packed bed reactor using various CO2 sorbents, Article Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering ; Volume 9, Issue 5 , 2021 ; 22133437 (ISSN) ; Abbas, S. Z ; Maqbool, F ; Ramirez Solis, S ; Dupont, V ; Mahmud, T ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
A 1-D heterogeneous model of sorption-enhanced steam methane reforming (SE-SMR) process in a packed bed reactor consisting of nickel catalyst well mixed with CO2 sorbent particles is investigated for three types of common sorbents. The performance of SE-SMR process is studied under low medium pressure conditions (3 – 11 bar) to find the optimum operating conditions. Optimal CaO sorption corresponding to 82% CH4 conversion and 85% H2 purity is found at 900 K, 3 bar, 3.5 kgm−2s−1 and S/C of 3.0. In contrast, lithium zirconate (LZC) and hydrotalcite (HTC) sorbents exhibited best sorptions under the operating conditions of 773 K, 5 bar and S/C of 3 with CH4 conversion of 91.3% and 55.2%, and H2...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Seif, Mohammad Saeed
Nowadays, there is a focus on developing a propulsion system with higher efficiency and performance in comparison to conventional systems. Many diverse systems have been designed for the vessel propulsion and everyday, utilizing new ideas, their performance and energy consumption are being improved. Direct use of steam energy is a noble and new idea. In this research, the steam jet propulsion system has been explained and current worldwide research on the topic has been investigated. Considering the shortage of primary data in the field and the novelty of subject, required information for the manufacturing of a sample model of this special propulsion system has been gathered and a design for...