Search for: strain-aging
Total 38 records
Prediction of flow behavior during warm working, Article ISIJ International ; Volume 44, Issue 11 , 2004 , Pages 1867-1873 ; 09151559 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
Iron and Steel Institute of Japan 2004
In this work, the effects of dynamic strain aging and dynamic recovery on metal flow during warm working are studied. Compression experiments are utilized to assess the flow behavior of a low carbon steel under warm deformation conditions. Then, a two dimensional finite element routine is coupled with dynamic recovery and dynamic strain aging models. In this way, the temperature and the velocity fields are predicted during warm working operations with regard to the effects of dynamic recovery and dynamic strain aging. Warm rolling tests are performed in order to verify the modelling results. Comparison between the predicted and measured roll forces shows reliability of the employed model
An Investigation into the Al-6wt%Mg work Hardening Behavior after Cold Rolling, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Kazeminezhad, Mohsen
Al-6wt%Mg alloy has been enormously exploited in aerospace industry. Since for production of this alloy in the form of sheets of different thickness, the cold rolling process is used, thus to understand the final mechanical properties of the rolled alloy products, their work hardening should be examined. Also, one of the important phenomena that occurs in cold state of the alloy is dynamic strain-aging (DSA), which can cause serrations in realistic stress-strain curve. The aforementioned issue is discussed in the current study. Therefore, the work-hardening values for the mentioned alloy during and after rolling is determined, and then compared with the experimental studies. The results of...
A study on strain ageing during and after warm rolling of a carbon steel, Article Materials Letters ; Volume 62, Issue 6-7 , 2008 , Pages 946-948 ; 0167577X (ISSN) ; Akhgar, J. M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, strain ageing during and after warm rolling of a carbon steel has been investigated. At the first step, the occurrence of serrated flow was studied by means of tensile tests at different temperatures and strain rates. In the next stage, warm rolling experiments were performed under different rolling conditions and then the samples were aged at the room temperature for a period of 3 months. For both aged and non-aged samples, tensile tests were employed to evaluate their mechanical properties. The results show that static strain ageing is possible to happen in the utilized ageing period and increases the yield stress of the aged steel. However, the samples that experience both...
Modelling the warm rolling of a low carbon steel, Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 371, Issue 1-2 , 2004 , Pages 318-323 ; 09215093 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
Dynamic strain ageing may occur during warm working of low carbon steels and causes significant changes in flow behaviour and microstructure of the deformed material. Therefore, for a proper designing of an industrial forming process performing under warm deformation conditions, the effect of dynamic strain aging should be taken into account. The aim of this investigation is to predict the velocity and the temperature fields within the rolling metal with regard to the dynamic strain aging. For this purpose, compression tests at various temperatures and strain rates have been conducted to evaluate dynamic strain aging in a low carbon steel. Then, by coupling the experimental results with a...
Effect of rolling speed on the occurrence of strain aging during and after warm rolling of a low-carbon steel, Article Journal of Materials Science ; Volume 45, Issue 13 , July , 2010 , Pages 3405-3412 ; 00222461 (ISSN) ; Ohadi, D ; Serajzadeh, S ; Akhgar, J. M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, effect of rolling speed on strain aging phenomena in warm rolling of a carbon steel has been investigated. For this purpose, by using a mathematical model and predicting temperature and strain rate fields, the possibility of occurrence of dynamic strain aging during the warm rolling was first evaluated. In the next stage, warm-rolled samples were aged up to 11 months at room temperature for studying the kinetics of static strain aging, while mechanical tests as well as microstructural evolutions have been performed to determine the effect of strain aging on material behavior. The results indicate that dynamic strain aging may not occur for the employed rolling program;...
Multistage strain aging phenomenon of low-carbon steels with rolling pre-strain, Article Journal of Materials Research and Technology ; Volume 15 , 2021 , Pages 7136-7144 ; 22387854 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Editora Ltda 2021
In this study, a multistage strain aging method that used rolling pre-strain (compression) was developed to study the effects of temperature, and inter-pass time on static strain aging behavior of low carbon steel. An increase in hardness and strength caused by work hardening due to the forming process and aging at every stage of aging that is calculated separately. To comparing the effects of multistage aging against typical strain aging, the samples were rolled and subjected to the aging process both exist in typical one-stage aging that setting a 20% rolling pre-strain and in multiple stages pre-strain by setting a 5% rolling ratio in four stages. The mechanical properties of aged samples...
High temperature mechanical properties of triple phase steels, Article Materials Letters ; Volume 61, Issue 4-5 , 2007 , Pages 1023-1026 ; 0167577X (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
A 0.15% C-1.2% Si-1.7% Mn steel was intercritically annealed at 780 °C for 5 min and then isothermally held at 400 °C for 4 min followed by oil quenching to room temperature and the annealed microstructure consist of 75% ferrite, 15% bainite and 10% retained austenite was produced. Samples of this steel with triple phase structure were tensile tested at temperature range of 25-450 °C. Stress-strain curves showed serration flow at temperature range of 120-400 °C and smooth flow at the other temperatures. All of the stress-strain curves showed discontinuous yielding at all testing temperatures. Both yield and ultimate tensile strength decreased with increasing temperature, but there exists a...
On the influence of deformation rate and cooling media on the static strain aging of a warm-rolled low carbon steel, Article International Journal of Material Forming ; Volume 6, Issue 3 , February , 2013 , Pages 417-422 ; 19606206 (ISSN) ; Ohadi, D ; Sharif University of Technology
An investigation was performed on the static strain aging behavior of warm-rolled low carbon steel during a nearly 1-year aging period, from the view point concerning with influence of changing the deformation speed and cooling media. Mechanical response of the examined material during aging period was evaluated through variations occurred in strength and hardness of the warm-deformed steel. It was shown that changing the rolling speed as well as cooling rate, may result in the occurrence of different metallurgical phenomena, consequently altering the aging kinetics of the material. It was also found that by increasing rolling speed, an increase in the value of hardness and UTS takes place,...
Flow behavior and mechanical properties of a high silicon steel associated with dynamic strain aging, Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Volume 21, Issue 9 , September , 2012 , Pages 1919-1923 ; 10599495 (ISSN) ; Serajzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Flow behavior of two grades of steel including a high silicon (HS) steel and a plain low carbon steel as the reference were considered in this work. Tensile testing at temperatures varying between 25 and 550 °C and different strain rates in the range of 4×10-5 to 0.1 s-1 were conducted and the mechanical properties, such as elongation at fracture point and strain rate sensitivity were then determined. It is observed that for both steels, dynamic strain aging occurs in the employed deformation conditions, however, the region of serrated flow and the type of the serration were somehow different. For the case of the HS steel, the serrated flow region is shifted to the higher temperatures and...
High temperature mechanical properties of dual phase steels, Article Materials Letters ; Volume 59, Issue 16 , 2005 , Pages 2070-2074 ; 0167577X (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
Dual phase steels with different martensite volume fraction and morphology were tensile tested at temperature range of 25-550 °C. Stress-strain curves of all steels showed serration flow at temperature range of 250-450 °C and smooth flow at the other temperatures. Both yield and ultimate tensile strengths increased with increasing testing temperature up to about 450 °C and then decreased at higher temperatures. At a given temperature, yield stress, tensile strength, and work hardening increased with increasing volume fraction of martensite. Similar behavior was observed by changing martensite morphology from network to fibrous martensite. The change in mechanical properties was related to...
Study on static strain aging of 6082 aluminium alloy, Article Materials Science and Technology ; Volume 26, Issue 2 , Jul , 2010 , Pages 169-175 ; 02670836 (ISSN) ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study both the quench aging and static strain aging kinetics of a 6082 Al alloy were investigated at a temperature range of 130-200°C using the Vickers hardness and tensile test. The activation energy and dislocation density were determined at different stages of the aging phenomenon. The former was used to analyse the kinetics of aging and the latter to interpret the competition of strengthening and recovery mechanisms during aging. It is shown that different activation energies are achieved depending on the aging time and temperature relating to formation of appropriate precipitates at different stages of aging. Moreover, it is revealed that prestrain reduces the activation energy....
An investigation into the effect of strain ageing on mechanical properties of low-carbon steels after warm rolling, Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 40, Issue 7-8 , 2009 , Pages 721-728 ; 02683768 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, the effect of strain ageing on mechanical properties of warm-rolled steel is investigated. Warm-rolling experiments together with mechanical testing are employed to investigate the effect of processing parameters on the ageing kinetics during and after warm rolling of a low-carbon steel. To do so, the occurrence of dynamic strain ageing is first determined by means of a two-dimensional thermo-mechanical model and then the effect of this phenomenon on the subsequent static strain ageing after warm rolling is studied employing mechanical testing. The results show that the occurrence of dynamic strain ageing during warm rolling may effectively alter the progress of the subsequent...
An investigation on microstructure evolution, mechanical properties, and strain aging of Mg-1.8Zn-0.7Si-0.4Ca biomedical alloy processed by equal channel angular pressing, Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Volume 28, Issue 8 , 2019 , Pages 5207-5219 ; 10599495 (ISSN) ; Karimi Taheri, K ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Shaeri, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer New York LLC 2019
The influence of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) on microstructure and mechanical behavior, as well as, strain aging during ECAP and post-ECAP of Mg-1.8Zn-0.7Si-0.4Ca biomedical alloy was examined. The alloy in solid solution heat-treated condition was processed by ECAP with route BC at 350 and 400 °C. The specimens ECAPed at 350 °C were aged at 125 and 150 °C for different times. The hardness and shear punch test results indicated that performing ECAP at 350 °C for 4 passes increases the hardness and shear strength of the alloy from 48 HV and 110 MPa to 71 HV and 188 MPa, respectively. It was revealed that the average grain size of the alloy decreases from 78 µm to about 3 µm after 4...
Development of Nanostructural Al-Mg-Si Alloys using ECAE and Ageing Processes, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Karimi Taheri, Ali
The manufacture of ultra high strength materials has always been a target for aerospace and transportation industries. Currently, the limitation of energy resources even makes this goal more serious. Nowadays, more than 50% of total extrusion products are made from Al alloys and around 90% of them are the 6000 series alloys. Therefore, regarding to high strength, low weight, and hardening aluminum AA6000 alloys capabilities can play a major role in fulfilling this task. Over the last decade, a number of techniques collectively referred to as severe plastic deformation (SPD), have emerged as a promising approach for the production of bulk ultrafine-grained (UFG) nano-structured materials....
Investigation on Thermo-mechanical Behavior of AA5086 During Warm and Hot Rolling Operation, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Serajzadeh, Siamak
A mathematical model has been proposed to estimate the deformation pattern and the required power in cold plate rolling using the stream function method and upper bound theorem. In the first place admissible velocity distributions as well as the geometry of deformation zone were derived from the proposed stream functions. Then, the optimum velocity field was obtained by minimization of the power function computed based on the upper bound theorem. Then a steady state heat transfer equation has been solved in whole model using finite element method. In order to verify the predictions, rolling experiments on aluminum plates were conducted and also, a finite element analysis performed employing...
Investigation of Multistage Static Strain Aging of Low Carbon Steel using Rolling Pre-strain, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; karimi taheri, Ali
In the present study, multistage strain aging phenomenon using rolling pre-strain and solution treatment at 680℃ for 40 min was used to study the effect of temperature and inter-pass time (IPT) on the static strain aging behavior of a low carbon steel sheet. The increase in hardness and strength caused by work hardening and the aging at each pass were separately calculated.The samples were rolled and subjected to aging process both in a single pass of 20% rolling reduction in thickness and in four stages consisted of 5% reduction at each stage. The mechanical properties of the samples aged at different time and temperature, were compared. In order to evaluate the effects of pre-strain type,...
An Investigation on Multistage Strain Aging Using Rolling Process on Mechanical and Formability of Stainless Steel 304L, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Karimi Taheri, Ali ; Akbarzadeh Changiz, Abbas
Austenitic stainless steels have extensive and special mechanical properties because of austenite to α΄-martensite transformation due to plastic work. Obtaining a process path that provides maximum strength and flexibility and minimum α΄-martensite content (α΄-martensite increases corrosion current) in these steels is important in the industry. Applying the aging process after applying plastic strain (single-stage aging) results in an increase in strength of up to 200 MPa and an increase in hardness of up to 60 Vickers. However, single-stage aging does not cause significant changes in the amount of α΄-martensite in steel and in the temperature range of 400 to 500 ° C, it causes a slight...
Simulation and experimental analyses of dynamic strain aging of a supersaturated age hardenable aluminum alloy, Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 585 , 2013 , Pages 165-173 ; 09215093 (ISSN) ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Kim, H. S ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, dynamic strain aging (DSA) behavior in a temperature range of (25-235°C) and strain rate range of (10-4-5×10-2s-1) was investigated using a supersaturated age hardenable aluminum alloy. It was found that two mechanisms consisted of pinning of solute atoms to mobile dislocations and dynamic precipitation, were responsible for DSA in the testing conditions. The effects of both mechanisms on the macroscopic flow curve were studied using experimental and improved physically based material modeling approaches. It was shown that both phenomena lead to a negative strain rate hardening in the alloy. Dynamic precipitation acting at high temperature results in considerable work...
Microstructure based modelling of flow behaviour of Al-Mg-Si alloy at different temper conditions, Article Materials Science and Technology (United Kingdom) ; Volume 29, Issue 8 , 2013 , Pages 968-974 ; 02670836 (ISSN) ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
A new integrated physically based constitutive model was developed for an age hardenable Al- Mg-Si alloy. The kinetics of precipitation during various stages of aging was modelled. The precipitate features consisted of particle radius and volume fraction obtained from the kinetics model, which was used to compute the alloy yield strength/hardness. A published multiinternal variable workhardening model was improved to take into account the effects of solute solution and precipitates on the alloy hardening capacity after performing different cycles of aging treatment. The flow curves and hardness predicted by the model were in good agreement with the experimental results. The model is able to...
Influence of deformation path change on static strain aging of cold rolled steel strip, Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 61, Issue 9-12 , 2012 , Pages 901-909 ; 02683768 (ISSN) ; Serajzadeh, S
Effect of deformation path change on the static strain aging of low carbon steel was studied in this work. In the first stage, strip samples were subjected to cold rolling processes under different paths with the same total reduction in thickness while the deformation behaviors of the rolled samples were also evaluated using a mathematical analysis. Then, cold-rolled strips were aged in room temperature up to 45 days while hardness and tensile evaluations were performed to assess the mechanical properties of the as-rolled and the aged samples. Finally, the influence of rolling pass schedule on the subsequent strain aging phenomenon was investigated by means of the experimental results and...