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    Private shotgun DNA sequencing: A structured approach

    , Article 2019 Iran Workshop on Communication and Information Theory, IWCIT 2019, 24 April 2019 through 25 April 2019 ; 2019 ; 9781728105840 (ISBN) Gholami, A ; Maddah Ali, M. A ; Motahari, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    DNA sequencing has faced a huge demand since it was first introduced as a service to the public. This service is often offloaded to the sequencing companies who will have access to full knowledge of individuals' sequences, a major violation of privacy. To address this challenge, we propose a solution, which is based on separating the process of reading the fragments of sequences, which is done at a sequencing machine, and assembling the reads, which is done at a trusted local data collector. To confuse the sequencer, in a pooled sequencing scenario, in which multiple sequences are going to be sequenced simultaneously, for each target individual, we add fragments of one non-target individual,... 

    Structure-free real-time data aggregation in wireless sensor networks

    , Article Computer Communications ; Volume 35, Issue 9 , 2012 , Pages 1132-1140 ; 01403664 (ISSN) Yousefi, H ; Yeganeh, M. H ; Alinaghipour, N ; Movaghar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Data aggregation is a very important method to conserve energy by eliminating the inherent redundancy of raw data in dense WSNs. Although structured approaches are particularly useful for data gathering applications, they incur high maintenance overhead in dynamic scenarios for event-based applications. Moreover, a WSN should be capable of timely fulfilling its mission without losing important information in event-critical applications. In this paper, we focus on designing a structure-free Real-time data AGgregation protocol, RAG, using two mechanisms for temporal and spatial convergence of packets - Judiciously Waiting policy and Real-time Data-aware Anycasting policy. Using extensive... 

    A state-of-the-art model for spatial and stochastic oil spill risk assessment: A case study of oil spill from a shipwreck

    , Article Environment International ; Volume 126 , 2019 , Pages 309-320 ; 01604120 (ISSN) Amir Heidari, P ; Arneborg, L ; Lindgren, J. F ; Lindhe, A ; Rosén, L ; Raie, M ; Axell, L ; Hassellöv, I. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Oil spills are serious environmental issues that potentially can cause adverse effects on marine ecosystems. In some marine areas, like the Baltic Sea, there is a large number of wrecks from the first half of the 20th century, and recent monitoring and field work have revealed release of oil from some of these wrecks. The risk posed by a wreck is governed by its condition, hazardous substances contained in the wreck and the state of the surrounding environment. Therefore, there is a need for a common standard method for estimating the risks associated with different wrecks. In this work a state-of-the-art model is presented for spatial and stochastic risk assessment of oil spills from...