Search for: submarine-landslide
Article Coastal Engineering ; Volume 55, Issue 12 , December , 2008 , Pages 989-1004 ; 03783839 (ISSN) ; Najafi Jilani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Laboratory investigations have been performed on the submarine landslide generated waves by performing 120 laboratory tests. Both rigid and deforming-slide masses are considered. The effects of bed slope angle, initial submergence, slide geometry, shape and deformation on impulse wave characteristics have been inspected. Impulse wave amplitude, period, energy and nonlinearity are studied in this work. The effects of bed slope angle on energy conversion from slide into wave are also investigated. Laboratory-based prediction equations are presented for impulse wave amplitude and period in near and far-field and are successfully verified using the available data in previous laboratory and...
Article Ocean Engineering ; Volume 35, Issue 5-6 , 2008 , Pages 545-557 ; 00298018 (ISSN) ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Underwater landslide can trigger impulsive waves with high amplitude and run-up, which may cause substantial damage. In this work, the experimental investigations are performed to study the impulsive wave characteristics caused by underwater landslides. The effects of landslide geometry and kinematics on wave characteristics are studied by performing 84 laboratory experiments. The influences of thickness, volume and shape of failure mass on the characteristics of initial wave are discussed. The impacts of water body conditions such as the slope of sliding bed and the initial submergence of underwater landslide are also examined. The present experimental data as well as the available data in...
A higher-order Boussinesq-type model with moving bottom boundary: Applications to submarine landslide tsunami waves, Article International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids ; Volume 53, Issue 6 , 2007 , Pages 1019-1048 ; 02712091 (ISSN) ; Najafi Jilani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
A two-dimensional depth-integrated numerical model is developed using a fourth-order Boussinesq approximation for an arbitrary time-variable bottom boundary and is applied for submarine-landslide-generated waves. The mathematical formulation of model is an extension of (4,4) Padé approximant for moving bottom boundary. The mathematical formulations are derived based on a higher-order perturbation analysis using the expanded form of velocity components. A sixth-order multi-step finite difference method is applied for spatial discretization and a sixth-order Runge-Kutta method is applied for temporal discretization of the higher-order depth-integrated governing equations and boundary...
Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Ataie-Ashtiani, Behzad
Potential landslides located in the borders of each water body may generate massive and destructive impulsive waves called landslide-generated waves (LGWs) which can be a major threat to human life and his possessions, offshore and coastal installations, dam bodies and hydraulic structures. This research is devoted to numerical modeling of LGW hazards with focus on the impulse wave generation stage including landslide movement, landslide/water surface interactions and consequent tsunami generation. The main purpose of this work is to study the effects of landslide deformability on the impulsive wave characteristics numerically in an introduced state-of-the-art numerical structure. The...
Article Landslides ; Volume 14, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 203-221 ; 1612510X (ISSN) ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2017
This paper presents a new landslide-generated wave (LGW) model based on incompressible Euler equations with Savage-Hutter assumptions. A two-layer model is developed including a layer of granular-type flow beneath a layer of an inviscid fluid. Landslide is modeled as a two-phase Coulomb mixture. A well-balanced second-order finite volume formulation is applied to solve the model equations. Wet/dry transitions are treated properly using a modified non-linear method. The numerical model is validated using two sets of experimental data on subaerial and submarine LGWs. Impulsive wave characteristics and landslide deformations are estimated with a computational error less than 5 %. Then, the...
Article Landslides ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2019 , Pages 37-53 ; 1612510X (ISSN) ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2019
This paper represents a numerical study on the effects of landslide initial submergence and its geotechnical and rheological properties on the characteristics of landslide-generated waves (LGWs) and landslide deformation. A number of 117 numerical experiments are performed using a two-layer Coulomb Mixture Flow (2LCMFlow) model on a real-sized numerical flume as a simplified cross section of the Maku dam reservoir, located in the Northwest of Iran. Three different initial locations are considered for landslide representing a subaerial (SAL), a semi-submerged (SSL), and a submarine (SML) landslide. Based on the numerical results, the majority of SMLs and in some cases SSLs generate tsunami...
Article Landslides ; Volume 8, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 417-432 ; 1612510X (ISSN) ; Yavari Ramshe, S ; Sharif University of Technology
In this work, a two-dimensional fourth-order Boussinesq-type numerical model is applied to estimate the impact of landslide-generated waves in dam reservoirs. This numerical model has recently been extended for simulating subaerial landslides. The extended model is validated using available three-dimensional experimental data, and a good agreement is obtained. The numerical model is then employed to investigate the impact of landslide-generated waves in two real cases, the Maku and Shafa-Roud dam reservoirs in the northwestern and the north of Iran, respectively. Generated wave heights, wave run-up, maximum wave height above dam crest, and dam overtopping volume have been estimated for each...