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    Atmospheric corrosion evaluation of silver coating using simulating technique test

    , Article European Corrosion Conference: Long Term Prediction and Modelling of Corrosion, EUROCORR 2004, Nice, 12 September 2004 through 16 September 2004 ; 2004 Nasirpouri, F ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A standard simulating technique test was investigated to assess the atmospheric corrosion behavior of silver coating. The rates of formation of corrosion products were measured in the simulating atmospheres of 100% humidity containing SO 2,H 2S and a complex atmosphere consist of SO 2,H 2S and NO 2 gases ,based on the mass increase method. The concentrations of corrosive gases were chosen according to real world conditions. XRD, SEM and EDS were used to examine the morphology and to determine the composition of the corrosion products under different experimental conditions. Results revealed the formation of Ag 2SO 4 and Ag 2S on the silver coating surfaces in the SO 2 and H 2S containing... 

    Reducing Sulfur Dioxide Using NANO-Structured Materials

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fasahat, Hossein (Author) ; Safekordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    In this research, absorption and oxidation catalytic scenarios were examined using previous studies in the field of SO2 removal. Nanostructures zeolite 13X, 5A zeolite, gamma alumina and activated carbon were purchased, then structure, function and adsorption isotherm of each adsorbent were evaluated in 5 concentrations of 250, 500, 750, 1000 and 1250 ppm of contaminants. Final results showed that zeolite 13X compared to other Nano-adsorbents has higher ability to SO2 absorption, and thus the final tests such as temperature and pressure evaluation were performed on the selected sorbent. To further evaluation, the absorbent curves based on two models of BDST (Bed depth service time) and... 

    Study of Change of Thermochemical Properties of DNA bases in the Presence of Neutral, Anionic, and Radical Species

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mottaghizadeh, Ayda (Author) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Since we are exposed to many air pollutants such as different gases daily, this project has attempted to investigate how these gases affect nucleobases, which are the main constituent of the DNA chain. The gases used in this study are sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO). Each of these gases was studied separately along with the most stable nucleobase in the neutral, anionic and cationic states. The AT and GC base pairs were also exposed to each of these gases and changes (for exampl, the acidity, proton affinity) created in the AT and GC base pairs were examined.The most important properties studied during this project include gas-nucleobase interactions, proton... 

    Optimization of ferrous biooxidation rate in a packed bed bioreactor using Taguchi approach

    , Article Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification ; Volume 46, Issue 10 , 2007 , Pages 935-940 ; 02552701 (ISSN) Mousavi, S. M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Jafari, A ; Vossoughi, M ; Ghobadi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    The biological oxidation of ferrous ion by iron-oxidizing bacteria is potentially a useful industrial process for removal of H2S from industrial gases, desulphurization of coal, removal of sulfur dioxide from flue gas, treatment of acid mine drainage and regeneration of an oxidant agent in hydrometallurgical leaching operations. The main purpose of this study was to find optimum values of the process parameters on the ferrous biooxidation rate by immobilization of a native Sulfobacillus species on the surface of low density polyethylene (LDPE) particles in a packed-bed bioreactor using Taguchi method. Five control factors, including temperature, initial pH of feed solution, dilution rate,... 

    Experimental and Numerical Study of SO2 Adsorption/desorption by NH2-MIL-53 Metal-organic Framework (MOF)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Noushadi, Atefeh (Author) ; Fotovat, Farzam (Supervisor) ; Vahidi, Mahdi (Co-Supervisor) ; Hamzelouyan, Tayebeh (Co-Supervisor)
    Sulfur dioxide is known as an acidic gas and one of the standard pollutants in determining air quality. This gas mostly enters into the atmosphere by flue gas causing many environmental problems. In order to remove this gas, various methods are used. One of the suitable methods to reduce the emission of this pollutant in low concentrations is the use of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOF) as an adsorbent. One of these Metal-Organic Frameworks is NH2-MIL-53(Al) that owing to its relatively good stability under wet and acidic conditions, has been chosen to adsorb sulfur dioxide in this research. In most studies on SO2 adsorption, often MOFs with a long synthesis time, high synthesis cost, and/or... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bakhshi, Bahare (Author) ; Hamzehlouyan, Tayebeh (Supervisor) ; Khorasheh, Farhad (Supervisor)
    Diesel oxidizing catalysts (DOCs) based on precious metals of Platinum and Palladium are among the most important and most widely used catalysts in the exhaust aftertreatment system of diesel cars. DOCs are used to oxidize CO and hydrocarbons to reduce their emissions to the environment. In spite of the excellent performance of DOCs, sulfur exposure can lead to their deactivation. Sulfur is mainly in the form of SO2 at the combustion chamber exit, which can be further oxidezed to SO3 on the DOC. The deactivation impact of SO2 and SO3 on DOCs are different, with SO3 leadig to higher degrees of deactivation. In this study, a kinetic model for SO2 oxidation on a bimetallic Pt-Pd-based catalyst... 

    Modeling the Kinetics of Sulfur Oxides Adsorption-desorption on a Pt/γ-Al2O3 Catalyst as Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farzi, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Hamzeh Louyan, Tayyebeh (Supervisor)
    Sulfur oxides are categorized as one of the most important poisoning and activity-reducer groups acting on the catalytic converters present in the exhaust treatment systems. In the present work, interactions of the SOX species with diesel oxidation catalysts (DOCs) are investigated by implementing a kinetic modeling approach. Experimental data obtained from a catalyst of this type, i.e., Pt/γ-Al2O3, was employed and a multi-step microkinetic model was developed in Matlab 2018b® to proxy the poisoning effect of the adsorption of surface sulfur species and their desorption behavior. The microkinetic model was run to describe the individual SO2 and SO3 adsorption-desorption process using the... 

    Experimental analysis of CO2, CO, SO2 and NO x emission factors of Iran's fossil fuel fired power plants

    , Article 2010 IEEE International Energy Conference and Exhibition, EnergyCon 2010, 18 December 2010 through 22 December 2010 ; 2010 , Pages 775-779 ; 9781424493807 (ISBN) Shahsavari Alavijeh, H ; Shahsavari Alavijeh, H ; Kiumarsi Oskuei, A ; Asheri, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, the effect of different parameters of power plants, such as height above sea level, performance, ambient temperature, fuel type on emissions in Iran's power plants is investigated. Based on that, a general strategy for selecting the type of power plant, fuel that fit with the geographical situation in the Middle East is presented. Results taken from this scientific study shows that using natural gas to generate power in the region should be a priority. As well as expected, the value of various emission factors decrease by increasing power produce. Also the emission factors of combined cycle power plants are the lowest as compared to other types of power plants  

    Preparation, physiochemical and kinetic investigations of V2O5/SiO2 catalyst for sulfuric acid production

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 29, Issue 11 , 2016 , Pages 1478-1488 ; 1728144X (ISSN) Tavassoli, A ; Kazemeini, M ; Fattahi, M ; Vafajoo, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2016
    V2O5/SiO2 catalyst utilized to oxidize the SO2 to SO3 species in the presence of oxygen mainly for producing sulfuric acid. For this catalyst, the active phase was a mixture of vanadium pentoxide and basic sulfate/pyrosulfate material. This active phase at the reaction temperature behaved as a liquid filling up the pores of the silica support. On the other hand, amounts of the SO3 and V5+ species in the catalyst necessarily varied with the concentration of the feed material and temperature rendering complexity to the kinetics of the SO2 oxidation reaction. In the current research, the catalyst preparation with different amounts of such materials was undertaken. Purified Diatomaceous earth of... 

    Solid nanoparticle and gaseous emissions of a diesel engine with a diesel particulate filter and use of a high-sulphur diesel fuel and a medium-sulphur diesel fuel

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering ; Volume 231, Issue 7 , 2017 , Pages 941-951 ; 09544070 (ISSN) Doozandegan, M ; Hosseini, V ; Ehteram, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    High-sulphur and medium-sulphur diesel fuels are still used in several countries. Although diesel particulate filter technology for on-road diesel engines has existed since 1989, the availability of high-sulphur and medium-sulphur diesel fuels in the market causes delays in the use of catalysed filter technologies. However, the situation in places such as Tehran is considered unhealthy because of particles and black carbon, and full distribution of ultra-low-sulphur diesel is awaited eagerly. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the sulphur content in fuels on the gaseous and solid exhaust emissions of a 220 kW Euro II engine equipped with a sintered metal active-passive... 

    Investigation of Tabas anthracite coal devolatilization: Kinetics, char structure and major evolved species

    , Article Thermochimica Acta ; Volume 654 , 2017 , Pages 74-80 ; 00406031 (ISSN) Toloue Farrokh, N ; Askari, M ; Fabritius, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    The pyrolysis of low-volatile Tabas anthracite coal was investigated by thermogravimetric technique (TGA) in the temperature range from ambient to 1100 °C under non-isothermal heating conditions (1.5, 3, and 7 °C/min heating rates). Higher heating rates showed a small retarding effect on devolatilization toward higher temperatures. Iso-conversional method was used for the kinetic study of non-isothermal Thermogravimetric data. Activation energy calculated for coal conversion of 20–80% was about 319 kJ/mol which may be a result of stable ordered structure of this type of coal. Analysis of evolved gases by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) in 7 °C/min heating rate was conducted... 

    Investigation on the solubility of SO2 and CO2 in imidazolium-based ionic liquids using NPT Monte Carlo simulation

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry B ; Volume 115, Issue 46 , 2011 , Pages 13599-13607 ; 15206106 (ISSN) Ghobadi, A. F ; Taghikhani, V ; Elliott, J. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The solubility of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) at P = 1 bar in a series of imidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) is calculated by Monte Carlo simulation in NPT ensemble using the OPLS-UA force field and Widom particle insertion method. The studied ILs were 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium ([bmim]+) tetrafluoroborate ([BF4]-), [bmim]+ hexafluorophosphate ([PF 6]-), [bmim]+ bromide ([Br]-), [bmim]+ nitrate ([NO3]-), [bmim]+ bis-(trifluoromethyl) sulfonylimide ([Tf2N]-), and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([emim][BF4]). To validate the simulations, the liquid density of studied ILs and the solubility of CO2 in [bmim][PF6] was compared with... 

    Spatiotemporal description of BTEX volatile organic compounds in a middle eastern megacity: tehran study of exposure prediction for environmental health research (Tehran SEPEHR)

    , Article Environmental Pollution ; Volume 226 , 2017 , Pages 219-229 ; 02697491 (ISSN) Amini, H ; Hosseini, V ; Schindler, C ; Hassankhany, H ; Yunesian, M ; Henderson, S. B ; Künzli, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    The spatiotemporal variability of ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Tehran, Iran, is not well understood. Here we present the design, methods, and results of the Tehran Study of Exposure Prediction for Environmental Health Research (Tehran SEPEHR) on ambient concentrations of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, m-xylene, o-xylene (BTEX), and total BTEX. To date, this is the largest study of its kind in a low- and middle-income country and one of the largest globally. We measured BTEX concentrations at five reference sites and 174 distributed sites identified by a cluster analytic method. Samples were taken over 25 consecutive 2-weeks at five reference sites (to be used for...