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    New criterion for characterization of thermal-saline jets discharged from thermal desalination plants

    , Article International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 195 , 2022 ; 00179310 (ISSN) Azadi, A ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    More than 80% of desalination plants use the multi-stage flash (MSF) technology in the Persian Gulf and hence may have a severe irreversible impact on the marine environment. In the present study, geometrical, mixing, and turbulence characteristics of thermal-saline jets, similar to MSF effluents, are numerically investigated using the dynamic Smagorinsky sub-grid scale (SGS) model and UNESCO equation of state. For this purpose, two affecting dimensionless parameters are considered: (1) density ratio, which is thermal flux to salinity flux ratio, and (2) salinity Froude number. Examining the effects of density ratio reveals that the jet flow pattern only depends on the density ratio with a... 

    Efficiency improvement of solar stills through wettability alteration of the condensation surface: An experimental study

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 268 , 2020 Zanganeh, P ; Soltani Goharrizi, A ; Ayatollahi, S ; Feilizadeh, M ; Dashti, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    The condensation process is of great importance in many heat transfer devices in which a large amount of energy must be transferred. Furthermore, condensation is a crucial part of energy conversion and affects the energy efficiency of thermal desalination plants and solar stills. During the condensation process in solar stills, an essential part of the energy is transferred through the condensation surface to produce fresh water. Therefore, the condensation surface plays a significant role in the working efficiency of solar stills. The wettability of the condensation surface influences the condensation mechanism, which, in turn, affects the efficiency of solar stills. This study aims to...