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    Utilization of hybrid nanofluids in solar energy applications: A review

    , Article Nano-Structures and Nano-Objects ; Volume 20 , 2019 ; 2352507X (ISSN) Ahmadi, M. H ; Ghazvini, M ; Sadeghzadeh, M ; Alhuyi Nazari, M ; Ghalandari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Hybrid nanofluids have several advantages compared with the conventional types due to their modified properties. Their enhanced thermophysical and rheological properties make them more appropriate for solar energy systems. In this review paper, an overview of solar energy systems is represented, and afterwards, applications of hybrid nanofluids in various solar technologies, especially solar thermal, are reviewed. Comparison between the nanofluidic systems, and the conventional ones is performed in order to gain a deeper insight into the advantages of using nanofluids. According to the results of the reviewed studies, the most important reason for performance enhancement of nanofluidic solar... 

    Thermally conductive rubber-based composite friction materials for railroad brakes - Thermal conduction characteristics

    , Article Composites Science and Technology ; Volume 67, Issue 13 , 2007 , Pages 2665-2674 ; 02663538 (ISSN) Shojaei, A ; Fahimian, M ; Derakhshandeh, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    This study deals with the thermal conductivity of rubber-based composite friction materials used in railroad vehicles. Based on a commercially available railroad friction material, called here base material (BM), various friction materials containing different thermally conductive fillers (Cu, brass, Al, Al2O3 and talc) are fabricated and then their thermal conductivities are measured at various contents of the fillers. Addition of the thermally conductive fillers causes an increase in thermal conductivity of the friction material from 0.48 up to 5.8 W/m K, depending on the type and content of the filler. In addition, the experimental results reveal that the thermal conductivity of the... 

    A new two-parameter cubic equation of state for predicting phase behavior of pure compounds and mixtures

    , Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 242, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 19-28 ; 03783812 (ISSN) Dashtizadeh, A ; Pazuki, G. R ; Taghikhani, V ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In this work, a new two-parameter cubic equation of state is presented based on perturbation theory for predicting phase behavior of pure compounds and of hydrocarbons and non-hydrocarbons. The parameters of the new cubic equation of state are obtained as functions of reduced temperature and acentric factor. The average deviations of the predicted vapor pressure, liquid density and vapor volume for 40 pure compounds are 1.116, 5.696 and 3.083%, respectively. Also the enthalpy and entropy of vaporization are calculated by using the new equation of state. The average deviations of the predicted enthalpy and entropy of vaporization are 2.393 and 2.358%, respectively. The capability of the... 

    The effect of mechanical and thermal properties of FRP bars on their tensile performance under elevated temperatures

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 157 , 2017 , Pages 1001-1010 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Ashrafi, H ; Bazli, M ; Najafabadi, E. P ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this experimental study the effect of physical and thermal properties of various FRP bars on their performance under elevated temperatures are investigated. The parameters included the bars' diameter, type of fiber, type of resin, fiber to matrix ratio, and thermal properties were studied. Moreover, ANOVA (ANalysis Of VAriance) was performed in order to investigate the contribution of each variable on the obtained results. The results showed that in addition to the temperature, the bars' diameter, type of fiber, type of resin, and thermal properties (Tg and Td) of the FRP bars have contributions to the results, while the fiber to matrix ratio was found to be an ineffective factor. It was... 

    Properties Enhancement of Styrene-butadiene-rubber (SBR) by Incorporating Hybrid Nanoparticles based on Metal-Organic Framework (MOF)/Carbon Nanoparticle

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Babaie, Ali (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor) ; Molavi, Hossein (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Flexible polymers (elastomers) are especially suitable for dynamic applications, and carbon based fillers are well-known filler for elastomers. These types of fillers are widely used in elastomer matrices for various commercial applications. Some of carbon nano fillers like Nanodiamond cannot (ND) impart such high degree of reinforcement to polymer matrices mainly because of improper filler dispersion and lack of strong filler-polymer interaction.In this effort, we examine the effects of nanodiamond/UiO-66 hybrid nanostructured materials when they are incorporated in styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) in terms of mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of the nanocomposites.Different... 

    Estimation of Ground Thermal Properties Using Inverse Heat Transfer Techniques

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ilbeygi, Amirhosein (Author) ; Hakkakifard, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor) ; Biglarian, Hassan (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Ground-Source Heat Pumps (GSHPs) are efficient means of space heating and cooling. However, owing to their high installation costs, their development in societies has not grown as it should. Therefore, it is crucial to have a meticulous design of these systems. The first step in designing GSHPs is determining the ground and grout thermal properties. Thermal Response Tests (TRTs) are developed for this purpose. The previous methods of estimating the unknown thermal properties are either computationally inefficient or yield inaccurate estimates for the ground volumetric heat capacity, to which the mean fluid temperature has the slightest sensitivity among all thermal properties. Among previous... 

    Property investigation of polypropylene/multiwall carbon nanotube nanocomposites prepared via in situ polymerization

    , Article Polymer International ; Vol. 63, issue. 4 , April , 2014 , pp. 689-694 ; ISSN: 09598103 Jafariesfad, N ; Ramazani, S. A ; Azinfar, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, polypropylene/carbon nanotube nanocomposites were prepared via in situ polymerization using a bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. In this system, magnesium ethoxide and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are jointly used as catalyst supports. SEM images reveal the distribution and quite good dispersion of MWCNTs throughout the polypropylene (PP) matrix. The thermal properties of the samples were examined using DSC and TGA tests. The results show that the crystallization temperature of the nanocomposites significantly increases while the melting point is not markedly affected. In addition, the thermal stability is improved. The melt rheological properties of PP/MWCNT... 

    Synthesis and morphology optimization of electrospun SiBNC nanofibers

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 46, Issue 5 , 2020 , Pages 6052-6059 Asadi-Pakdel, K ; Mehdinavaz Aghdam, R ; Shahedi Asl, M ; Faghihi Sani, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    SiBNC nanofibers were synthesized through the polymeric route by a one-pot synthesis approach. DMTA (dichloroboryl methyl trichlorosilyl amine) polymer was selected as pre-ceramic for SiBNC, which was shaped into nanofibers by electrospinning. Then, the nanofibers were cured in an inert atmosphere in order to obtain the final ceramic. By changing the curing atmosphere, the compound of final ceramic has been manipulated. In addition, the ceramic yield of DMTA as a preceramic was increased in the nitrogen atmosphere. The effects of applied voltage, solution concentration, and feeding rate on the morphology of final electrospun ceramic nanofibers were also investigated. Final ceramic remains... 

    Gamma irradiated electro-conductive polylactic acid/polyaniline nanofibers

    , Article Synthetic Metals ; Volume 259 , 2020 Ashraf, S. S ; Frounchi, M ; Dadbin, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    In this study, polyaniline nanoparticles (PANI NPs) in emeraldine base (EB) form were prepared by a modified method and characterized by FTIR and UV–vis spectroscopies. The average size of the nanoparticles was 140 nm measured by DLS method. The nanoparticles were embedded into polylactic acid (PLA) nanofibers prepared by electrospinning method. It was found that inclusion of PANI NPs in PLA resulted in reduced diameter of the fibers during the electrospinning process. Also, the surface of nanofibers appeared smooth in FE-SEM images without formation of beads. Improvement in mechanical and electrical properties of PLA/PANI nanofibers over the neat PLA nanofibers implied a good dispersion of... 

    A thermoelasticity solution of sandwich structures with functionally graded coating

    , Article Composites Science and Technology ; Volume 67, Issue 6 , 2007 , Pages 1073-1080 ; 02663538 (ISSN) Shodja, H. M ; Haftbaradaran, H ; Asghari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    An exact thermoelasticity solution for a two-dimensional thick composite consisting of homogeneous and functionally graded layers is presented. The thermomechanical properties of functionally graded layers are assumed to vary exponentially through the thickness while the Poisson's ratio is taken to be constant. The heat transfer problem is solved under steady state condition accounting for the heat convection. Utilizing the stress function the governing equation reduces to a fourth order inhomogeneous partial differential equation which is solved exactly using Fourier series method. A comparative study is done between two sandwich structures with homogeneous and functionally graded coatings,... 

    Pressure induced structural, electronic, optical and thermal properties of CsYbBr3, a theoretical investigation

    , Article Journal of Materials Research and Technology ; Volume 10 , 2021 , Pages 687-696 ; 22387854 (ISSN) Saeed, M ; Ali, M. A ; Murad, S ; Ullah, R ; Alshahrani, T ; Laref, A ; Murtaza, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Editora Ltda  2021
    Abstract
    This article presents the variation of structural, electronic, thermal and optical properties of a halide perovskite CsYbBr3with increasing pressure, employing density functional theory. The pressure effect was determined in range of 0-15 GPa. In which stability of CsYbBr3remains valid, as, verified from negative values of enthalpy of formation and phonon dispersion curves. A significant change was observed in lattice constant, bond lengths, bulk modulus and its pressure derivative, volume and ground state energy, with increasing pressure. The calculated electronic properties presented CsYbBr3as a semiconductor with direct band gap of 3.61 eV. However, pressure rise shift the Yb-d states... 

    Analysis of structure-properties relationship in nitrile-butadiene rubber/phenolic resin/organoclay ternary nanocomposites using simple model system

    , Article Polymers for Advanced Technologies ; Volume 21, Issue 5 , April , 2010 , Pages 356-364 ; 10427147 (ISSN) Shojaei, A ; Faghihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    The present study deals with the structure-property relationship of organoclay (OC) filled nanocomposites based on rubber blend comprising of nitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR) and phenolic resin (PH). To obtain a better insight into the characteristics of the NBR/PH/OC hybrid system, a simple model system consisting of NBR/OC nanocomposites is also taken into consideration. A series of NBR/OC and NBR/PH/OC nanocomposites containing a wide range of OC concentrations (2.5-30 phr) are prepared by using traditional open two-roll mill. Structural analysis performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) exhibits mixed exfoliated and... 

    Effect of thermal wave propagation on thermoelastic behavior of functionally graded materials in a slab symmetrically surface heated using analytical modeling

    , Article Composites Part B: Engineering ; Vol. 60 , 2014 , pp. 413-422 ; ISSN: 13598368 Molaei Najafabadi, M ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Taati, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Design and development of FGMs as the heat treatable materials for high-temperature environments with thermal protection require understanding of exact temperature and thermal stress distribution in the transient state. This information is primary tool in the design and optimization of the devices for failure prevention. Frequently FGMs are used in many applications that presumably produce thermal energy transport via wave propagation. In this study, transient non-Fourier temperature and associated thermal stresses in a functionally graded slab symmetrically heated on both sides are determined. Hyperbolic heat conduction equation in terms of heat flux is used for obtaining temperature... 

    Effects of cylindrical and sheet types of nanoparticles on thermal properties and chain folding free energy of poly(ethylene terephthalate)

    , Article Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites ; Volume 32, Issue 11 , 2013 , Pages 846-859 ; 07316844 (ISSN) Goodarzi, V ; Shadakhtar, A ; Sirousazar, M ; Mortazavi, M ; Ghaniyari Benis, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) nanocomposites were prepared through a solution casting method using Multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT) as nanoparticles and their morphological and thermal properties investigated. The X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy measurements showed that decreasing the ratio of MWCNT to OMMT for the same amount of OMMT creates better conditions for intercalation of PET macromolecules and promotes the transformation of OMMT nanostructures from the intercalated to exfoliated state. It was concluded that the Ozawa's model was not suitable to interpret the crystallization behavior of the... 

    Preparation and Properties of Ethylene-vinyl Acetate/linear Low-density Polyethylene/Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite Films

    , Article Polymer - Plastics Technology and Engineering ; Volume 54, Issue 11 , 2015 , Pages 1152-1158 ; 03602559 (ISSN) Bahmanyar, M ; Ramazani, S. A ; Baniasadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2015
    Abstract
    Ethylene-vinyl acetate-based nanocomposites with 18 and 28 wt% vinyl acetate were prepared via solution casting method. To improve the mechanical and barrier properties of ethylene-vinyl acetate, linear low-density polyethylene, and graphene oxide were introduced to matrix. The morphological studies indicated that the graphene oxide diffraction peak disappeared in all prepared nanocomposites, probably due to its exfoliation; also proper dispersion and good interaction between nanofillers and polymer matrix were achieved. By introducing low amount of graphene oxide into the matrix, the mechanical and thermal properties and oxygen permeability were improved especially for those with 28 wt%... 

    Investigation of Thermomechanical Properties of UHMWPE/Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites Prepared by in situ Ziegler-Natta Polymerization

    , Article Advances in Polymer Technology ; Volume 34, Issue 4 , February , 2015 ; 07306679 (ISSN) Bahrami, H ; Ramazani, A.S.A ; Kheradmand, A ; Shafiee, M ; Baniasadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2015
    Abstract
    The graphene-based Ziegler-Natta catalyst has been used to prepare ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene/graphene oxide (UHMWPE/GO) nanocomposite via in situ polymerization. The morphological investigations have been conducted using X-ray diffraction patterns and scanning electron microscopy method. The obtained results indicated that no diffraction peak is detected in a GO pattern, which could be due to the exfoliation of graphene nanosheets in the UHMWPE matrix. Morphological investigations indicated that GO nanosheets are dispersed almost uniformly in polymeric matrix, and that there should exist a good interaction between nanofillers and matrix. The mechanical properties of the... 

    Polyurethane/clay nanocomposites reinforced with carbon and glass fibres: study of mechanical and thermal properties, and the effect of electron beam irradiation

    , Article Plastics, Rubber and Composites ; Volume 46, Issue 9 , 2017 , Pages 413-420 ; 14658011 (ISSN) Kosari, M ; Mousavian, S. M. A ; Razavi, S. M ; Ahmadi, S. J ; Izadipanah, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Polyurethane (PU) nanocomposites with 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7 wt-% nanoclay contents were prepared. X-ray diffraction patterns, transmission electron microscopy images, tensile test, and thermogravimetric analysis were utilised to reveal the morphological, mechanical, and thermal-resistant properties of the prepared nanocomposites. The exfoliated structure was obtained for nanoclay contents up to 3 wt-%. Incorporation of nanoclay to the PU matrix prompted the thermal stability of the polymer. A nanocomposite filled with 3 wt-% nanoclay showed the best tensile strength in the prepared nanocomposites. Subsequently, the nanocomposite with the 3 wt-% nanoclay was reinforced with carbon and glass... 

    Effect of rare earth elements addition on thermal fatigue behaviors of AZ91 magnesium alloy

    , Article Journal of Rare Earths ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 255-258 ; 10020721 (ISSN) Bayani, H ; Saebnoori, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Chinese Society of Rare Earths  2009
    Abstract
    Influences of rare earth (RE) elements addition on thermal fatigue behaviors of AZ91 alloy were studied. Repeated heating and cooling cycles were applied on the samples at 170 and 210 °C to develop thermal fatigue cracks. Crack growth mechanisms and microstructural influences were investigated by optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) as well as energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Thermal fatigue behaviors were observed to improve successively by addition of the RE up to 2wt.%. This improvement was attributed to the consummation of aluminum in melt by precipitation of the needle shaped Al11RE3 phases. This process was attributed to the reduction of Mg17Al12 phase volume... 

    Study of VLE phase behavior and correlating the thermophysical properties of polymer solutions using a local composition-based model

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 112, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 1356-1364 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Pazuki, G. R ; Taghikhani, V ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    In this study, the recently proposed model by Pazuki et al., based on the local composition concept (LCC), has been used in correlating the vapor-liquid phase behavior of polymer solutions. Similar to the LCC models available in the literature, the proposed model has two combinatorial and residual terms to account for both entropic as well as enthalpic effects in solution. The Flory-Huggins model has been considered as the combinatorial part of the proposed model, while the equation proposed by Pazuki et al. was considered as the residual term. The proposed model has been used in correlating the vapor-liquid phase behavior for a large number of polymer-solvent mixtures at different... 

    Analysis of mechanical and thermal properties of carbon and silicon nanomaterials using a coarse-grained molecular dynamics method

    , Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 187 , December , 2020 Mohammadi, K ; Ali Madadi, A ; Bajalan, Z ; Nejat Pishkenari, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    The main concern in Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations is the computational cost, and coarse-graining methods accelerate simulations by reducing the degrees of freedom in the system. Yet, the utilization of these methods should be carefully followed. In this paper, we presented an energy-based coarse-graining method for Tersoff and Stillinger-Weber potential functions. The presented coarse-graining method is based on the domain mapping and modification of potential function. The focus of this paper is on Carbon and Silicon materials; however, this method can be applied to model other materials for which Tersoff and Stillinger-Weber potentials are defined. This method has been validated by...