Search for: thermo-mechanical-analysis
Article International Journal of Material Forming ; Volume 6, Issue 3 , September , 2013 , PP. 363-376 ; Molaeinia, Z ; Keshavarz, Sh ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, the coupled thermo–mechanical simulation of hot isostatic pressing (HIPing) is presented for metal powders during densification process. The densification of powder is assumed to occur due to plastic hardening of metal particles. The constitutive model developed is used to describe the nonlinear behavior of metal powder. The numerical modeling of hot powder compaction simulation is performed based on the large deformation formulation, powder plasticity behavior, and frictional contact algorithm. A Lagrangian finite element formulation is employed for the large powder deformations. A modified cap plasticity model considering temperature effects is used in numerical simulation...
Investigation into occurring dynamic strain aging in hot rolling of AA5083 using finite elements and stream function method, Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 486, Issue 1-2 , 2008 , Pages 138-145 ; 09215093 (ISSN) ; Sheikh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Two-dimensional finite element analysis together with stream function and neural network models are employed to determine thermo-mechanical behavior during hot strip rolling of AA5083. An appropriate velocity field and stream function is first determined using the rule of volume constancy and upper bound theorem and then temperature field within the metal is predicted by means of a two-dimensional conduction-convection model. In order to consider the effect of flow stress and its dependence on temperature, strain and strain rate, a neural network model is also employed in the analysis. Based on the performed tensile tests, two different neural network models are constructed one for smooth...
Article Applied Mathematics and Computation ; Volume 265 , 2015 , Pages 380-399 ; 00963003 (ISSN) ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Inc 2015
Special superelements are often used to improve the computational efficiency and improve accuracy of finite element modeling. Structures with tapered and spherical geometry exist in many engineering problems. In this work, special tapered and spherical superelements are presented that can be used for modeling of tapered and spherical bodies in thermo mechanical analyses with computational efficiency. The performance of these superelements under thermal and structural loads is demonstrated by presenting several examples and comparing the results with those from conventional 3D brick elements, which shows high accuracy at reduced computational cost
Experimental and thermomechanical analysis of friction stir welding of poly(methyl methacrylate) sheets, Article Science and Technology of Welding and Joining ; Volume 23, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 209-218 ; 13621718 (ISSN) ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Taylor and Francis Ltd 2018
In the present work, the feasibility of friction stir welding (FSW) of poly(methyl methacrylate) sheets was studied experimentally and theoretically by employing thermomechanical simulations. The effect of processing parameters including tool plunge depth, tilt angle, tool rotational speed (w), and transverse velocity (v) was investigated to determine suitable conditions to attain sound and defect-free joints. It is shown that a low tool plunge depth of 0.2 mm and a tilt angle of 2° provide suitable material flow to gain sound joints. By controlling the heat input into stir zone by increasing the tool rotational speed and decreasing linear velocity, the formation of defects can be minimised....
Multi-scale modeling of surface effects in nano-materials with temperature-related Cauchy-Born hypothesis via the modified boundary cauchy-born model, Article International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering ; Vol. 97, issue. 2 , 2014 , pp. 79-110 ; ISSN: 00295981 ; Ghahremani, P ; Dormohammadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
In nano-structures, the influence of surface effects on the properties of material is highly important because the ratio of surface to volume at the nano-scale level is much higher than that of the macro-scale level. In this paper, a novel temperature-dependent multi-scale model is presented based on the modified boundary Cauchy-Born (MBCB) technique to model the surface, edge, and corner effects in nano-scale materials. The Lagrangian finite element formulation is incorporated into the heat transfer analysis to develop the thermo-mechanical finite element model. The temperature-related Cauchy-Born hypothesis is implemented by using the Helmholtz free energy to evaluate the temperature...
Article International Journal of Material Forming ; Volume 6, Issue 3 , September , 2013 , Pages 363-376 ; 19606206 (ISSN) ; Molaeinia, Z ; Keshavarz, S ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, the coupled thermo-mechanical simulation of hot isostatic pressing (HIPing) is presented for metal powders during densification process. The densification of powder is assumed to occur due to plastic hardening of metal particles. The constitutive model developed is used to describe the nonlinear behavior of metal powder. The numerical modeling of hot powder compaction simulation is performed based on the large deformation formulation, powder plasticity behavior, and frictional contact algorithm. A Lagrangian finite element formulation is employed for the large powder deformations. A modified cap plasticity model considering temperature effects is used in numerical simulation...
Thermo-mechanical analysis of cold extrusion process using stream function and finite element methods, Article Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures ; Volume 9, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 128-139 ; 15736105 (ISSN) ; Serajzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to propose a mathematical model to estimate required energy and temperature distribution during cold extrusion process. Design/methodology/approach - An admissible velocity field is generated based on stream function technique. Then, the required energy and the temperature distributions in the metal and the extrusion die are determined by a coupled upper bound-finite element analysis. Findings - To examine the proposed model, cold extrusion of AA6061-10%SiC
p is considered and the predicted extrusion force-displacement diagrams in different reductions are compared with the experimental ones and reasonable agreement is observed. Furthermore, it...
Article International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping ; Volume 98 , October , 2012 , Pages 95-101 ; 03080161 (ISSN) ; Hojjati, M. H ; Mahdavi, E ; Alashti, R. A ; Farrahi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
Theoretical and numerical analyses of rotating disks with non-uniform thickness and material properties subjected to thermo-mechanical loadings have been carried out by variable material properties (VMP), Runge-Kutta's (RK) and finite element (FE) methods. The material is assumed to be elastic-linear hardening. A power form function is used to describe the temperature gradient with the higher temperature at outer surface. Von-Mises theory has been used as failure criterion. The effects of geometry, material and thermal loading parameters as well as boundary conditions on radial, hoop and equivalent stress distributions which have not been studied in much detail in previous works have been...
Article Journal of Manufacturing Processes ; Volume 13, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 96-103 ; 15266125 (ISSN) ; Serajzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
The purpose of this work is to assess the effect of welding fixtures on distributions and values of residual stresses during Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW). The butt-joint GTAW of AA5251 plate is investigated using a transient thermo-mechanical analysis performed by the finite element program, ABAQUS. The model considers two different welding conditions including unconstrained and perfectly constrained conditions while macro examination and residual stress measurements by implementing hole drilling techniques are utilized to evaluate the predictions. The results show that the utilizing of a welding fixture alters the temperature field within the plate being welded and the depth of the weld...
Article Journal of Polymer Research ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 449-458 ; 10229760 (ISSN) ; Lashani, S ; Zohuriaan Mehr, M. J ; Kheirabadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Alcohol-specific superabsorbing gels (superalcogels) based on non-neutralized acrylic acid (AA, 60-94 mol%) and 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid (AMPS) were prepared via solution polymerization in water. Polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate and potassium persulfate were used as crosslinker and initiator, respectively. Characterization of samples was performed using FTIR, 1H-NMR and thermomechanical analyses. Glass transition temperature and modulus of dried samples were found to be directly changed with their AA content. The gels exhibited enormous ability for absorbing and retaining a variety of mono- and poly-hydric alcohols. For example, in lieu of one gram of a typical sample...
Consistent arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian formulation for large deformation thermo-mechanical analysis, Article Materials and Design ; Volume 31, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 3690-3702 ; 02641275 (ISSN) ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) method is widely used for simulation of large deformation problems, such as metal forming. However, in many such applications, modeling of the heat generation and transfer in conjunction with the stress analysis is necessary. In this work, a fully coupled dynamic ALE formulation is developed. The ALE form of energy balance equation is derived, and is coupled with the dynamic, rate dependent ALE stress analysis. The proposed formulation is used for simulation of a few thermo-mechanical problems. The effectiveness and efficiency of the ALE method is verified by comparing the results of this simulation with available experimental and numerical results
Experimental and thermomechanical analysis of the effect of tool pin profile on the friction stir welding of poly(methyl methacrylate) sheets, Article Journal of Manufacturing Processes ; Volume 34 , 2018 , Pages 412-423 ; 15266125 (ISSN) ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
Effects of frustum, cubic and triangle tool pin profiles on the friction stir welding (FSW) of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) were studied by experimental analysis and thermomechanical simulations. It is shown that employing pins with a low contact surface area form macrocracks and voids along the joint line. Edged-type pins locally stir the polymer and cause tunnel defects which are formed at the root of the joint. In contrast, pins with relatively smooth and large surface area would yield a defect-free weldment if an appropriate processing condition is employed. Mechanical examinations in longitudinal (LS) and transverse (TS) directions indicate that the highest tensile strength (LS = 59...
Article Engineering Failure Analysis ; Volume 104 , 2019 , Pages 545-559 ; 13506307 (ISSN) ; Chamani, M ; Kiyoumarsioskouei, A ; Mahmoudi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
In shell and tube heat exchangers, deep cracks can occur in tube-to-tubesheet welding and repairing such cracks is an impossible task which makes these tubes totally out of service. To preserve the thermal and mechanical integrity of heat exchanger, a series of rods is passed through these tubes and then are welded to tubesheets from both ends. Due to the increased damages in the vicinity of plugged tubes, the effect of plugging the tubes in the surrounding tubes and tubesheet failure is investigated. To this end, using CFD analysis, the temperature and pressure were calculated throughout the heat exchanger and then, the deformations and stresses of the tubes and tubesheets were computed...
Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 104, Issue 1-4 , 2019 , Pages 1121-1131 ; 02683768 (ISSN) ; Biglari, F. R ; Shafaie, M ; Kokabi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer London 2019
In this paper, the effect of clamping time on welding distortion is studied. The welding process has been done in austenitic stainless steel 304L butt-welded joint by TIG welding method. The numerical thermo-mechanical analysis is performed using commercial finite element software ABAQUS. The welding simulation is performed using the birth and death of elements technique. The heat source model that used in this study is the Goldak double-ellipsoidal model. At last, for verifying numerical results, a set of experimental tests have been carried out and welding distortion has been measured. The experimental measured data are compared with numerical (FEM) results. The results showed that the...
Semi-exact solution for thermo-mechanical analysis of functionally graded elastic-strain hardening rotating disks, Article Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation ; Volume 17, Issue 9 , 2012 , Pages 3747-3762 ; 10075704 (ISSN) ; Hojjati, M. H ; Farrahi, G. H ; Alashti, R. A ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, distributions of stress and strain components of rotating disks with non-uniform thickness and material properties subjected to thermo-elasto-plastic loading are obtained by semi-exact method of Liao's homotopy analysis method (HAM) and finite element method (FEM). The materials are assumed to be elastic-linear strain hardening and isotropic. The analysis of rotating disk is based on Von Mises' yield criterion. A two dimensional plane stress analysis is used. The distribution of temperature is assumed to have power forms with the hotter point located at the outer surface of the disk. A mathematical technique of transformation has been proposed to solve the homotopy equations...
Article Proceedings of the Symposium on the Application of Geophyics to Engineering and Environmental Problems, SAGEEP, 29 March 2009 through 2 April 2009, Fort Worth, TX ; Volume 1 , 2009 , Pages 417-427 ; 15548015 (ISSN) ; 9781615670512 (ISBN) ; Ghaemian, M ; Azimfar, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper a procedure for two-dimensional unsteady thermo-mechanical analysis of layered structures is presented, allowing the determination of the temperature and stress field at each step the construction period. The finite element method is employed in the methodology. Numerical simulation are focused on concrete structures, particularly roller compacted concrete (RCC) dams. A time varying elasticity modulus is introduced in the model. One case study is presented and analysis under different design approaches. Thermal effects must be considered in the process of designing of certain types of concrete structures in order to prevent the damage during either the construction phase (early...
Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 19, Issue 2 , 2012 , Pages 282-293 ; 10263098 (ISSN) ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Prediction of the thermo-mechanical behavior of machine-tool spindles is essential in the reliable operation of high speed machine tools. In particular, the performance of these high speed spindles is dependent on their thermal behavior. The main source of heat generation in the spindle is the friction torque in angular contact ball bearings. This paper presents an effort to develop a comprehensive model of high speed spindles that includes viable models for the mechanical and thermal behavior of its major components, i.e., bearings, shaft and housing. Spindle housing and shaft are treated as six-degree-of-freedom Timoshenko beam elements. Bearings are modeled as two-node elements with five...
Article Composite Structures ; Volume 93, Issue 12 , 2011 , Pages 3239-3251 ; 02638223 (ISSN) ; Hojjati, M. H ; Farrahi, G ; Alashti, R. A ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, distributions of stress and strain components of rotating disks with non-uniform thickness and material properties subjected to thermo-elastic loading under different boundary conditions are obtained by semi-exact methods of Liao's homotopy analysis method (HAM), Adomian's decomposition method and He's variational iteration method (VIM). The materials are assumed to be perfectly elastic and isotropic. A two dimensional plane stress analysis is used. The distribution of temperature over the disk radius is assumed to have power forms with the higher temperature at the outer surface. The results of the three methods are compared with those obtained by Runge-Kutta's numerical...