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    Allergic rhinitis impairs working memory in association with drop of hippocampal – Prefrontal coupling

    , Article Brain Research ; Volume 1758 , 2021 ; 00068993 (ISSN) Salimi, M ; Ghazvineh, S ; Nazari, M ; Dehdar, K ; Garousi, M ; Zare, M ; Tabasi, F ; Jamaati, H ; Salimi, A ; Barkley, V ; Mirnajafi Zadeh, J ; Raoufy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic inflammatory disease frequently associated with a deficit in learning and memory. Working memory is an important system for decision making and guidance, which depends on interactions between the ventral hippocampus (vHipp) and the prelimbic prefrontal cortex (plPFC). It is still unclear whether AR influences the activity and coupling of these brain areas, which consequently may impair working memory. The current study aimed to examine alterations of the vHipp-plPFC circuit in a rat model of AR. Our results show decreased working memory performance in AR animals, accompanied by a reduction of theta and gamma oscillations in plPFC. Also, AR reduces... 

    Stockwell transform for epileptic seizure detection from EEG signals

    , Article Biomedical Signal Processing and Control ; Volume 38 , 2017 , Pages 108-118 ; 17468094 (ISSN) Kalbkhani, H ; Shayesteh, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Epilepsy is the most common disorder of human brain. The goal of this paper is to present a new method for classification of epileptic phases based on the sub-bands of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals obtained from the Stockwell transform (ST). ST is a time-frequency analysis that not only covers the advantages of both short-time Fourier transform (FT) and wavelet transform (WT), but also overcomes their shortcomings. In the proposed method, at first, EEG signal is transformed into time-frequency domain using ST and all operations are performed in the new domain. Then, the amplitudes of ST in five sub-bands, namely delta (δ), theta (θ), alpha (α), beta (β), and gamma (γ), are computed. In...