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    Rapid and efficient synthesis of colloidal gold nanoparticles by arc discharge method

    , Article Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing ; Volume 96, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 423-428 ; 09478396 (ISSN) Ashkarran, A. A ; Iraji zad, A ; Mahdavi, M ; Ahadian, M. M ; Hormozi nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    We report a simple, inexpensive and one-step synthesis route of colloidal gold nanoparticles using arc discharge between titanium electrodes in HAuCl 4 solution achieving long-time stability. Gold nanoparticles of 8 nm diameter were formed during reduction of HAuCl4 in the plasma discharge zone. The resulting nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Optical absorption spectroscopy of as prepared samples at 15 A arc current in HAuCl4 solution shows a surface plasmon resonance around 550 nm. It was found that sodium citrate acts as a stabilizer and surface capping agent of the colloidal...