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    Fabrication of gas ionization sensor based on titanium oxide nanotube arrays

    , Article Applied Physics A ; Volume 115, Issue 4 , June , 2014 , pp 1387-1393 ; 1432-0630 Nikfarjam, A. (Alireza) ; Mohammadpour, R. (Raheleh) ; Iraji Zad, A. (Azam) ; Sharif University of Technology
    Gas sensors have been fabricated based on field ionization from titanium oxide nanotubes grown on titanium foil. Ordered nanaotube arrays of titanium oxides were grown by the anodization method. We measured breakdown voltages and discharge currents of the device for various gases. Our gas ionization sensors (GIS) presented good sensitivity, selectivity, and short response time. The GISs based on TiO2 nanotube arrays showed lower breakdown voltage, higher discharge current, and good selectivity. An excellent response observed for Ar compared to other gases. Besides, by introducing 2 % CO and 4 % H2 to N2 flow gas, the amount of breakdown voltage shifts about 20 and 70 volts to the lower... 

    Synthesis of Doped Titania Nanotube Arrays by Anodizing of Titanium and Surveying of their band Gap

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Meftahi, Mohammad (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In recent decade, photocatalystic properties of titania nanotube and its mechanisms has been considered greatly in many researches. One of the major ways to increase photocatalystic properties and extending the usage of TNTs is doping them with various elements and modifying their band structure. In present research doped TNTs were prepared by doping of Molybdenum, Nitrogen, and Carbon elements by anodizing method in about of 35 degrees of centigrade and constant voltage of 20V on the surface of titanium sheet. Structural and photocatalystic properties of as-prepared TNTs were studied using field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive... 

    Preparation and Physico-chemical Characterization of Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes with Electrochemical Method for Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane (ODHP)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nik-khah, Maryam (Author) ; Kazemeini, mohammad (Supervisor)
    Samples of the V2O5 catalysts supported on nanostructures of TiO2 and γ-Al2O3 were synthesized via hydrothermal method for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane (ODHP) to propylene. The TiO2 support was utilized in both commercial microstructures and prepared nanostructures from their corresponding salts. Furthermore,the γ-Al2O3 was also prepared from two novel methods. Moreover, the vanadium catalysts supported on hybrid TiO2 and γ-Al2O3 were prepared. The performances of the prepared catalysts were subsequently examined in a fixed-bed reactor. The main products were propylene, ethylene and COx.The vanadium catalyst over TiO2 and γ-Al2O3 had the best performance under the reactor test... 

    Fabrication of a Sensor, Based on TiO2 Nanotubes Modified with Metal Nanoparticles and Carbon and its Application for Detection of Dopamine in Presence of Uric Acid and Ascorbic Acid

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahshid, Sara (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    The present work describes sensing application of modified TiO2 nanotubes towards detection of dopamine. The TiO2 nanotubes electrode was prepared using anodizing method at different conditions, among which NaF/ NaHSO4 solution and voltage of 15 V was chosen as the optimum condition. In order to improve the performance, surface modification with metal nanoparticles (Pd, Pt and Au) and carbon is required using “pulse electrodeposition” and “decomposition of polyethylene glycol at 600 °C” respectively. Carbon was deposited by decomposition of polyethylene glycol in a tube furnace to improve the conductivity. In this regard two type of electrodes were proposed: Pd-Pt-Au-TiO2 and C-Ni(Pt)-TiO2.... 

    Fabrication of Dental Implant from Ti-6Al-4V With Nanostructured Hydroxyapatite Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahnamaee, Yahya (Author) ; Sadrnezhad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    The use of dental implants has grown considerably in recent years in Iran but this piece is the industrial imported parts that are not yet produced in Iran. So the main purpose of this research was to fabricate a dental implant from Ti-6Al-4V alloy by CNC machining techniques. On the other hand, the poor bonding strength of bioactive coatings and low cell growth on the surface of uncoated implants are the common problems in the use of dental implants. So another aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Nanoscale surface topography and nanostructured coatings on the surface modification of titanium implant in order to improve Osseointegration and the bonding strength of bioactive... 

    Electrodeposition of Pt nanostructures and its Application as Glucose Sensor

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mahshid, Sahar Sadat (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The present work describes sensing application of modified Pt nanostructures towards detection of glucose. Modified Pt nanostructured electrodes were prepared using electrodeposition method such as chronoampermetry and potentiostatic pulse methods. The electrodeposition of Pt nanostructures was first studied by voltammetry and amperommetry techniques and then potentiostatic pulse method has been used to produce the alloyed structures of platinum. In this regard, the first electrode was proposed based on alloyed Pt/Ni nanowire arrays (NWAs) for the non-enzymatic detection of glucose. The Pt/Ni NWAs were prepared by pulse electrodeposition of Pt and Ni within a nano-pore polycarbonate (PC)... 

    Hydroxyapatite Coating on Nanotubes TiO2

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Goodarzi, Mena (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    There are many techniques that have been used to create hydroxyapatite nanoparticles coating on nanotubes. Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) is one of the methods that has advantages of short formation time, needs simple apparatus, little restriction of the shape of substrate, no requirement for binder burnout as the green coating contains few or no organics. In the research, first, titanium dioxide nanotubes were fabricated by anodic oxidation. Anodizing voltage effect on the morphology of nanotubes was evaluated. SEM images was shown that in the anodizing voltage 20V, nanotubes were the most regular. Then, Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles has been deposited onto nanotublar TiO2 by... 

    Lithium Extraction with TiO2 Nanotube Synthesized by Anodizing Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taghvaei, Nastaran (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Due to the technology advancement and the large-scale application of lithium-ion batteries in recent years, the market demand for lithium is growing rapidly and the availability of land lithium resources is decreasing significantly. As such, the focus of lithium extraction technologies has shifted to water lithium resources involving salt-lake brines and sea water. The ion exchange process is a promising method for lithium extraction from brine and seawater having low concentrations of this element. Among various aqueous recovery technologies, the lithium ion-sieve (LIS) technology is considered the most promising one. This is because LISs are excellent adsorbents with high lithium uptake... 

    Enhancement of Water Splitting Efficiency of TiO2 Nanotube Arrays by Nanostructured Cobalt Oxide Electrocatalyst

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Qarechalloo, Shervin (Author) ; Naseri, Naimeh (Supervisor)
    The 21st century is facing two major obstacles on the way of accessing clean and renewable energies: first, the rapidly increasing need to the energy resources; and second, the limitations - as well as side-effects - of the conventional fossil fuels. Meanwhile, the production of the solar hydrogen, through water splitting, has been proposed as a promising solution to find a clean and effective source of energy. This process occurs in photo-electro-chemical systems with the activation energy that lies within the range of visible light. One approach that herewith comes to mind, is to start the process by utilizing semiconductors to absorb the sunlight. In order to overcome the overpotential... 

    Investigation of the Antibacterial Property of TiO2/Ag Nanotubes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esfandiari, Naeemeh (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    This study was performed to synthesize Ag-doped TiO2 nanotubes and investigate the antibacterial property of the nanostructure. In the first step, self-organized TiO2 nanotubes were fabricated through anodizing in an electrolyte containing 0٫3 Wt% NH4F, 0٫2٪V DI water and ethylene glycol. Anodizing was performed in 30 and 60V for 2hrs in order to have different nanotube diameters. In the second step, photoreduction process was done on the way to dope Ag nanoparticles on the nanotubes. Herein, AgNO3 solution concentration, time period of TiO2 nanotubes soaking in the solution, time period of UV irradiation and ethanol solution concentration were taken as factors to achieve Ag nanoparticles in... 

    Surface Modification of Metallic Implants and Improvement of their Biological Properties in Presence of Bioactive Ceramic Nanoparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Riahi, Zohreh (Author) ; Sadrnezhad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    By consideration of increasing demands to use implants and efforts to get technical knowledge and localization of this implants, considerable research in this field is needed. Therefore, presentation of a coating which is able to provide parameters needed for an acceptable implant is the aim of this study. In this direction, modification of surface of metallic implants in order to achieve nanotubes of titanium oxide, with the purpose of providing biocompatibility was done. On the other hand, because chronic infection of the implant’s surrounding is one of the main important reasons in rejection of implants, 〖TiO〗_2 nanotubes as a drug carrier were used in order to solve this problem. So,... 

    Synthesizing One-Dimensional TiO2 Nanostructure for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Application

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mojaddami, Majdoddin (Author) ; Madaah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Over the past several years, TiO2 has become a focus of considerable researches as it possesses unique optical, catalytic and electrical properties in different applications such as sensors, water purification and dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The goal of this research was synthesis of 1-Dimentional TiO2 nanostructure with suitable properties for DSSC applications. Two different TiO2 powders including micron-size anatase and mesoporous powders (produced from reaction of TiC and HNO3) along with KOH or NaOH were employed in hydrothermal process. The process was performed in two different containers including autoclave and balloon-shaped flask. The products were characterized by X-Ray... 

    PEC Sensing of Glucose Using one Dimensional TiO2 Nanostructure Modified by Two Dimensional Material

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saadati, Ali Akbar (Author) ; Naseri, Naimeh (Supervisor)
    In this study, one dimensional titanium dioxide nanostructures including nanotube and nanowire were synthesized by anodization and hydrothermal methods respectively and were used for PEC glucose sensing. Meanwhile various length of nanotubes was investigated toward glucose sensing. Finally, nanotubes with the length of 2.7 µm were selected as the optimum sample. Finally, to improve sensitivity toward glucose, TiO2 nanotubes were modified by graphene oxide nanosheets which caused several percent increase in PEC sensing performances. In the next stage branched TiO2 nanowires were grew on FTO substrate in various conditions. In spite of acceptable reproducibility of this structure,... 

    Repeatability of Lithium Adsorption and Desorption on TiO2 Nanotubes from Brines

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Safarzadeh, Amin (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Today, recycling lithium as a valuable metal from brine plays an important role in various applications such as battery manufacturing, computers, aerospace and automobiles. Among the aqueous methods available for the extraction of the lithium element in brines, ion exchange by TiO2 nanosorbents is one of the most efficient methods. In this study, first the titanium dioxide nanotubes were well synthesized by anodizing method and the nanograss created after the anodizing process were completely eliminated. Then, the effect of three cathodes of aluminum, graphite and stainless steel in order to select the best cathode and achieve a regular morphology as well as their replacement with platinum... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of CdS Modified TiO2 Nanotubes for Studying of Photoelectrochemical (PEC) Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Qorbani, Mohammad (Author) ; Moshfegh, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Azimirad, Rouhollah (Supervisor)
    In this research, first thin films with nanostructures of titanium nanotube arrays (TNAs) synthesized by anodization under different applied voltage (20- 60 V) and different reaction times (120 and 200 min). The electrolyte solution for synthesizing the samples contained 90% ethylene glycol (EG), 10% DI water, 0.1 M NHR4RF and a little HR3RPOR4R to reach the pH to 5.6. The synthesized samples crystallized under annealing treatment at 500 °C (with heating rate of 9.5 °CminP -1 P). The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis was indicate that the length and the inner diameter of the nanotubes have increased from 1.6 μm and 67 nm (for 30 V anodization and for 2h) to 4.2 μm and 125 nm (for... 

    hysical and Chemical Surface Modification of Titanium by Nanostructured Materials, and Biological Characterization for Use in Bone Tissue Implants

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Rahnamaee, Yahya (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manochehr (Supervisor) ; Samadi Kuchaksaraei, Ali (Supervisor)
    According to human needs and in line with the development of advanced technologies, different biomedical Engineering fields like hard tissue implants are growing rapidly. Despite significant biotechnology Developments in recent years, some problems to the recognition of implants related osseointegration phenomena persist. The deficient osseointegration and implant-associated infections are key issues for the long-term clinical success of titanium and titanium alloy implants, while development of multifunctional surfaces that can simultaneously overcome these problems remains highly challenging. Therefore, the ultimate goal of this paper was to improve bone cell attachment and simultaneously... 

    Self-organized titanium oxide nanotubes prepared in phosphate electrolytes: Effect of voltage and fluorine concentration

    , Article ECS Transactions, 25 April 2010 through 30 April 2010 ; Volume 28, Issue 7 , April , 2010 , Pages 67-74 ; 19385862 (ISSN) ; 9781607681830 (ISBN) Mahshid, S ; Dolati, A ; Goodarzi, M ; Askari, M ; Ghahramaninezhad, A ; ECS All Divisions ; Sharif University of Technology
    TiO2 a nanotube array was prepared using an anodization process. The process proceeded in a two-electrode cell containing of platinum sheet as the cathode electrode. Two phosphate-base electrolyte solutions containing different amounts of HF and NH4F were prepared. Different concentration of fluorine ions were examined in respected electrolytes. Current transient techniques were used to produce the TiO2 nanotubes at constant voltage of 18-25V. It was revealed that anodization at 18-22V, in so-called electrolytes would end up to nano-tubular structure. However the tubular structure prepared at 20V and from phosphate electrolyte containing of 0.5 wt% NH4F as well as 0.5 wt% HF, was recognized... 

    Comparison of various anodization and annealing conditions of titanium dioxide nanotubular film on MB degradation

    , Article EPJ Applied Physics ; Volume 47, Issue 1 , 2009 ; 12860042 (ISSN) Mohammadpour, R ; Iraji Zad, A ; Ahadian, M. M ; Taghavinia, N ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study the influence of morphology of vertically oriented titanium oxide nanotube arrays (TNTAs) on their photocatalytic activities was investigated. To obtain nanotubes with different morphologies, they were prepared at different anodization voltages. The size of TNTAs were measured using SEM images and also determined based on a non-destructive optical method; We demonstrate how the tubular geometry of the TNTAs can be used to adjust the optical and also the wetting properties of them and how these properties affect the performance of the nanostructure in further applications as a photocatalyst. To investigate their potentials for environmental applications, the photocatalytic... 

    Synthesis of titanium oxide nanotubes and their decoration by MnO nanoparticles for biomedical applications

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 45, Issue 15 , 2019 , Pages 19275-19282 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Esmaeilnejad, A ; Mahmoudi, P ; Zamanian, A ; Mozafari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    In this study, apatite formation ability on TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) synthesized by anodizing process were compared with TNTs decorated by MnO nanoparticles. The MnO nanoparticles used for decoration process were fabricated via thermal decomposition method. At first, it was strived to find the optimal condition of anodizing process and the effect of applied voltages (15 V, 20 V, and 25 V) and process times (15 min, 20 min, and 25 min) on the diameter of the synthesized TNTs was investigated. Results of microscopic characterizations showed that the completely uniform structure of nanotubes with a diameter in the range of about 100–130 nm was achieved after 20 min of anodizing process at an... 

    The prominent role of fully-controlled surface co-modification procedure using titanium nanotubes and silk fibroin nanofibers in the performance enhancement of Ti6Al4V implants

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 412 , 2021 ; 02578972 (ISSN) Goudarzi, A ; Sadrnezhaad, K ; Johari, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Modification of orthopedic implant surfaces through advanced nanoscale coating methods has made a major breakthrough in maximizing implantation success. Adjustable drug release and biocompatibility are among the most momentous features since they can significantly prevent the implantation failure. In this study, the potential of silk fibroin (SF) nanofibers fabricated via electrospinning, along with titanium oxide nanotube arrays (TNTs) formed through anodization, were exploited to produce a cyto-biocompatible, well-controlled drug delivery system. Highly-ordered TNTs were formed in an organic electrolyte solution within 2 h at the voltage of 60 V under temperature controlling (16 °C)....