Search for: tumor-marker
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Abdekhodaie, Mohammad Jafar
Tumor markers are substances that are naturally found in blood and other fluids in body, but in abnormal conditions such as cancer and metastasis, their level increase. The aim of researching about tumor markers is to find a way for discovering cancer only with a blood test and replace with the current methods such as ELISA, and any type of cancer can be detected by these tests. In this study, molecular imprinted polymers were synthesized with biomolecules. To do that, silica microparticles were used as solid base and after functionalizing their surface, a thin film of polymer was synthesized on them. To optimize the components concentrations and the polymer thickness on the silica surface,...
Article IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience ; Volume 18, Issue 2 , 2019 , Pages 103-116 ; 15361241 (ISSN) ; Ahmadzadeh, A ; Wicke, W ; Jamali, V ; Schober, R ; Nasiri Kenari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2019
In this paper, we propose using mobile nanosensors (MNSs) for early stage anomaly detection. For concreteness, we focus on the detection of cancer cells located in a particular region of a blood vessel. These cancer cells produce and emit special molecules, so-called biomarkers, which are symptomatic for the presence of anomaly, into the cardiovascular system. Detection of cancer biomarkers with conventional blood tests is difficult in the early stages of a cancer due to the very low concentration of the biomarkers in the samples taken. However, close to the cancer cells, the concentration of the cancer biomarkers is high. Hence, detection is possible if a sensor with the ability to detect...
Article Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology ; Volume 15 , 2021 ; 11795549 (ISSN) ; Alshammari, F. O. F. O ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Sarayreh, S ; Al Sarayra, Y. M ; Aborajooh, E ; Al Shuneigat, J ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
SAGE Publications Ltd 2021
Background: The development of colon cancer has been described as a multistep process of carcinogenesis. Understanding molecular and cellular changes underlying this process is required to determine potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets in colon cancers. Several molecular entities, including glypicans, are implicated in cancer development. Among these is glypican-6, which is overexpressed in a limited number of cancers. This study aims to characterise the glypican-6 expression in different types of colon cancer. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to characterise glypican-6 expression in a panel of archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded colon tissue types. These types included...
A selective chemiresistive sensor for the cancer-related volatile organic compound hexanal by using molecularly imprinted polymers and multiwalled carbon nanotubes, Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 186, Issue 3 , 2019 ; 00263672 (ISSN) ; Banan Nojavani, M ; Nikkhah, M ; Alizadeh, T ; Esfandiar, A ; Ganjali, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer-Verlag Wien 2019
A chemiresistive sensor is described for the lung cancer biomarker hexanal. A composite consisting of molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles and multiwalled carbon nanotubes was used in the sensor that is typically operated at a voltage of 4 V and is capable of selectively sensing gaseous hexanal at room temperature. It works in the 10 to 200 ppm concentration range and has a 10 ppm detection limit (at S/N = 3). The sensor signal recovers to a value close to its starting value without the need for heating even after exposure to relatively high levels of hexanal
Article BMC Cancer ; Volume 19, Issue 1 , 2019 ; 14712407 (ISSN) ; Mostafaei, S ; Etemadi, A ; Ghasemi, A ; Payandeh, M ; Hadifar, S ; Norooznezhad, A. H ; Kazemnejad, A ; Moghoofei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
BioMed Central Ltd 2019
Background: Breast cancer is currently the most common neoplasm diagnosed in women globally. There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may play a key role in invasiveness of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of HPV in patients with breast cancer and its possible association with cancer progression. Methods: Breast specimens were collected from 72 patients with breast cancer and 31 healthy controls. The presence of HPV was investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and genotyping was performed for positive cases. We also evaluated the viral factors such as E6, E2, and E7 in HPV positive cases. Enzyme-linked...
Article Experimental and Molecular Pathology ; Volume 118 , 2021 ; 00144800 (ISSN) ; Hussen, B. M ; Taheri, F ; Sattari, A ; Yousefi, H ; Omrani, M. D ; Nazer, N ; Ghafouri Fard, S ; Taheri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Academic Press Inc 2021
Growth arrest-specific gene 6 (GAS6) is a growth factor-like cytokine whose function is related with vitamin K. This protein interacts with receptor tyrosine kinase proteins such as Tyro3, Axl, and TAM Receptor family, therefore affecting the tumorigenic processes via different mechanisms. GAS6-antisense 1 (GAS6-AS1) is a long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that is transcribed from a genomic regions nearby GAS6. This lncRNA is also implicated in the pathobiology of cancer. We intended to judge the role of GAS6 and GAS6-AS1 in the pathogenesis of breast cancer through appraisal of their expression levels in breast cancer tissues and their paired neighboring non-cancerous samples. Expression of...