Search for: tumor-volume
Nonlinear composite adaptive control of cancer chemotherapy with online identification of uncertain parameters, Article Biomedical Signal Processing and Control ; Volume 49 , 2019 , Pages 360-374 ; 17468094 (ISSN) ; Moradi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
A new composite adaptive control strategy is developed for both of the reduction of cancer tumor volume and the online identification of tumor parameters during the drug delivery process in chemotherapy. This control strategy is developed for three different nonlinear mathematical cell-kill models of the cancer tumor including the log-kill hypothesis, Norton-Simon hypothesis and Emax hypothesis. All of these models are considered to have fully parametric uncertainties. The stability, tracking convergence and parameters identification convergence during the chemotherapy process are proved using the Lyapunov method. For the first time, the parameters identification of the uncertain...
Article Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 16 September 2018 through 20 September 2018 ; Volume 11073 LNCS , 2018 , Pages 343-351 ; 03029743 (ISSN); 9783030009366 (ISBN) ; Sokooti, H ; Elmahdy, M. S ; Peters, F. P ; Manzuri Shalmani, M. T ; Zinkstok, R. T ; Staring, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2018
Accurate gross tumor volume (GTV) segmentation in esophagus CT images is a critical task in computer aided diagnosis (CAD) systems. However, because of the difficulties raised by the contrast similarity between esophageal GTV and its neighboring tissues in CT scans, this problem has been addressed weakly. In this paper, we present a 3D end-to-end method based on a convolutional neural network (CNN) for this purpose. We leverage design elements from DenseNet in a typical U-shape. The proposed architecture consists of a contractile path and an extending path that includes dense blocks for extracting contextual features and retrieves the lost resolution respectively. Using dense blocks leads to...
Megavoltage dose enhancement of gold nanoparticles for different geometric set-ups: Measurements and monte carlo simulation, Article International Journal of Radiation Research ; Volume 10, Issue 3-4 , 2012 , Pages 183-186 ; 23223243 (ISSN) ; Shirazi, A ; Mahdavi, S. R ; Ezzati, A ; Mofid, B ; Khoei, S ; Zarrinfard, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Background: Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have been shown as a good radiosensitizer. In combination with radiotherapy, several studies with orthovoltage X-rays have shown considerable dose enhancement effects. This paper reports the dose enhancement factor (DEF) due to GNPs in 18 megavoltage (MV) beams. Materials and Methods: Different geometrical 50-nm GNPs configurations at a concentration of 5 mg/ml were used by both experimental and Monte Carlo (MC) simulation in a deep-seated tumor-like insertion within a phantom. Using MCNP repeated structure capability; a large number of gold nanospheres with a semi-random distribution were applied to simulate this phantom based study. Thermoluminescence...
Assessment and comparison of اomogeneity and conformity indexes in step-and-shoot and compensator-based intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D CRT) in prostate cancer, Article Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors ; Volume 7, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 102-107 ; 22287477 (ISSN) ; Shirani Tak Abi, K ; Nedaie, H. A ; Hassani, H ; Gharaati, H ; Samei, M ; Shahi, R ; Zarei, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D CRT) are two treatment modalities in prostate cancer, which provide acceptable dose distribution in tumor region with sparing the surrounding normal tissues. IMRT is based on inverse planning optimization; in which, intensity of beams is modified by using multileaf collimators and also compensators with optimum shapes in step and shoot (SAS) and compensator-based method, respectively. In the recent study, some important parameters were compared in two IMRT and 3D CRT methods. Prescribed dose was 80 Gy for both IMRT procedures and 70 Gy for 3D CRT. Treatment plans of 15 prostate cancer...
Article Cancer Cell International ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , 2020 ; Sabbaghi, A ; Miri, S. M ; Rezaeyan, A ; Arjeini, Y ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
BioMed Central Ltd 2020
Compared with conventional cancer treatments, the main advantage of oncolytic virotherapy is its tumor-selective replication followed by the destruction of malignant cells without damaging healthy cells. Accordingly, this kind of biological therapy can potentially be used as a promising approach in the field of cancer management. Given the failure of traditional monitoring strategies (such as immunohistochemical analysis (in providing sufficient safety and efficacy necessary for virotherapy and continual pharmacologic monitoring to track pharmacokinetics in real-time, the development of alternative strategies for ongoing monitoring of oncolytic treatment in a live animal model seems...
Findings of DTI-p maps in comparison with T 2 /T 2 -FLAIR to assess postoperative hyper-signal abnormal regions in patients with glioblastoma 08 Information and Computing Sciences 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing, Article Cancer Imaging ; Volume 18, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 14707330 (ISSN) ; Safari, M ; Ameri, A ; Shojaee Moghadam, M ; Arbabi, A ; Tabatabaeefar, M ; Salighehrad, H ; Sharif University of Technology
BioMed Central Ltd 2018
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) isotropic map (p-map) with current radiographically (T 2/T 2 -FLAIR) methods based on abnormal hyper-signal size and location of glioblastoma tumor using a semi-automatic approach. Materials and methods: Twenty-five patients with biopsy-proved diagnosis of glioblastoma participated in this study. T 2, T 2 -FLAIR images and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) were acquired 1 week before radiotherapy. Hyper-signal regions on T 2, T 2 -FLAIR and DTI p-map were segmented by means of semi-automated segmentation. Manual segmentation was used as ground truth. Dice Scores (DS) were calculated for validation of semiautomatic...
Article Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy ; Volume 13 , 2021 , Pages 565-574 ; 11791314 (ISSN) ; Alshammari, F. O. F. O ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Tarawneh, F ; Al Sarayreh, S ; Almuhaisen, G. H ; Satari, A. O ; Al Shuneigat, J ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Dove Medical Press Ltd 2021
Purpose: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by high mortality rate, and its clinical management is difficult and complex. Therefore, there is a need for extensive efforts aimed at accelerating the discovery of novel therapies for TNBC. CYP4Z1 has been implicated in the development of breast cancer. The current study aimed at characterizing the expression of CYP4Z1 on TNBC. Materials and Methods: Using immunohistochemistry, CYP4Z1 expression was evaluated on 122 TNBC samples, four samples of breast cancers expressing ER, PR, and HER-2, and four samples of normal breast tissues. The association between the enzyme and various histopathological features and survival of...
Article OncoTargets and Therapy ; Volume 14 , 2021 , Pages 4309-4318 ; 11786930 (ISSN) ; Al Saraireh, Y. M ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Sarayra, Y. M ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Dove Medical Press Ltd 2021
Purpose: Treatment of metastatic breast cancer patients is challenging and remains a major underlying cause of female mortality. Understanding molecular alterations in tumor development is critical to identify novel biomarkers and targets for cancer diagnosis and therapy. One of the aberrant cancer expressions gaining recent research interest is glypican-1. Several studies reported strong glypican-1 expression in various types of human cancers. However, none of these investigated glypican-1 expression in a large cohort of breast cancer histopathological subtypes. Patients and Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to assess glypican-1 expression in 220 breast cancer patients and its relation...
Engineering folate-targeting diselenide-containing triblock copolymer as a redox-responsive shell-sheddable micelle for antitumor therapy in vivo, Article Acta Biomaterialia ; Volume 76 , 2018 , Pages 239-256 ; 17427061 (ISSN) ; Abdkhodaie, M. J ; Sadeghi Abandansari, H ; Satarian, L ; Molazem, M ; Al Jamal, K. T ; Baharvand, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Acta Materialia Inc 2018
The oxidation-reduction (redox)–responsive micelle system is based on a diselenide-containing triblock copolymer, poly(ε-caprolactone)-bis(diselenide-methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)/poly(ethylene glycol)-folate) [PCL-(SeSe-mPEG/PEG-FA)2]. This has helped in the development of tumor-targeted delivery for hydrophobic anticancer drugs. The diselenide bond, as a redox-sensitive linkage, was designed in such a manner that it is located at the hydrophilic–hydrophobic hinge to allow complete collapse of the micelle and thus efficient drug release in redox environments. The amphiphilic block copolymers self-assembled into micelles at concentrations higher than the critical micelle concentration (CMC)...
Oncolytic newcastle disease virus delivered by mesenchymal stem cells-engineered system enhances the therapeutic effects altering tumor microenvironment, Article Virology Journal ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2020 ; Ebrahimzadeh, M. S ; Miri, S. M ; Dianat Moghadam, H ; Ghorbanhosseini, S. S ; Mohebbi, S. R ; Keyvani, H ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
BioMed Central Ltd 2020
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated malignancy remain a main cause of cancer in men and women. Cancer immunotherapy has represented great potential as a new promising cancer therapeutic approach. Here, we report Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a carrier for the delivery of oncolytic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) for the treatment of HPV-associated tumor. Methods: For this purpose, MSCs obtained from the bone marrow of C57BL mice, then cultured and characterized subsequently by the flow cytometry analysis for the presence of cell surface markers. In this study, we sought out to determine the impacts of MSCs loaded with oncolytic NDV on splenic T cell and cytokine immune...
Synergy between hemagglutinin 2 (HA2) subunit of influenza fusogenic membrane glycoprotein and oncolytic Newcastle disease virus suppressed tumor growth and further enhanced by Immune checkpoint PD-1 blockade, Article Cancer Cell International ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , August , 2020 ; Ebrahimzadeh, M. S ; Abdolalipour, E ; Yazdi, M ; Hosseini Ravandi, H ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
BioMed Central Ltd 2020
Background: Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has shown noticeable oncolytic properties, especially against cervical cancer. However, in order to improve the spread rate and oncotoxicity of the virus, employment of other therapeutic reagents would be helpful. It has been shown that some viral fusogenic membrane glycoproteins (FMGs) could facilitate viral propagation and increase the infection rate of tumor cells by oncolytic viruses. Additionally, immune checkpoint blockade has widely been investigated for its anti-tumor effects against several types of cancers. Here, we investigated for the first time whether the incorporation of influenza hemagglutinin-2 (HA2) FMG could improve the oncolytic...
Delivery of melittin-loaded niosomes for breast cancer treatment: an in vitro and in vivo evaluation of anti-cancer effect, Article Cancer Nanotechnology ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 18686958 (ISSN) ; Akbarzadeh, I ; Marzbankia, E ; Farid, M ; khaledi, L ; Reihani, A. H ; Javidfar, M ; Mortazavi, P ; Sharif University of Technology
BioMed Central Ltd 2021
Background: Melittin, a peptide component of honey bee venom, is an appealing candidate for cancer therapy. In the current study, melittin, melittin-loaded niosome, and empty niosome had been optimized and the anticancer effect assessed in vitro on 4T1 and SKBR3 breast cell lines and in vivo on BALB/C inbred mice. "Thin-layer hydration method" was used for preparing the niosomes; different niosomal formulations of melittin were prepared and characterized in terms of morphology, size, polydispersity index, encapsulation efficiency, release kinetics, and stability. A niosome was formulated and loaded with melittin as a promising drug carrier system for chemotherapy of the breast cancer cells....