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    Interaction of 3D dewetting nanodroplets on homogeneous and chemically heterogeneous substrates

    , Article Journal of Physics Condensed Matter ; Vol. 26, Issue. 22 , 2014 ; ISSN: 09538984 Asgari, M ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Long-time interaction of dewetting nanodroplets is investigated using a long-wave approximation method. Although three-dimensional (3D) droplets evolution dynamics exhibits qualitative behavior analogous to two-dimensional (2D) dynamics, there is an extensive quantitative difference between them. 3D dynamics is substantially faster than 2D dynamics. This can be related to the larger curvature and, as a consequence, the larger Laplace pressure difference between the droplets in 3D systems. The influence of various chemical heterogeneities on the behavior of droplets has also been studied. In the case of gradient surfaces, it is shown how the gradient direction could change the dynamics. For a... 

    Pd-Au nanoparticle decorated carbon nanotube as a sensing layer on the surface of glassy carbon electrode for electrochemical determination of ceftazidime

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Vol. 34, issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 318-325 ; ISSN: 09284931 Shahrokhian, S ; Salimian, R ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A simple electrodeposition method is employed to construct a thin film modifier of palladium-gold nanoparticles (Pd-AuNPs) decorated multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Morphology and property of Pd-AuNPs-MWCNT have been examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Electrochemical performance of Pd-AuNPs-MWCNT/GCE for detection of ceftazidime (CFZ) has been investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV). This nanostructured film modified electrode effectively exhibited enhanced properties for detection of ceftazidime (CFZ). The effects of various experimental variables such as, the amount of casted MWCNT,... 

    Useful multivariate kinetic analysis: Size determination based on cystein-induced aggregation of gold nanoparticles

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 115 , 2013 , Pages 588-594 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Rabbani, F ; Nezhad, M. R. H ; Abdollahi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study describes spectrometric monitored kinetic processes to determine the size of citrate-capped Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) based on aggregation induced by L-cysteine (L-Cys) as a molecular linker. The Au NPs association process is thoroughly dependent on pH, concentration and size of nanoparticles. Size dependency of aggregation inspirits to determine the average diameters of Au NPs. For this aim the procedure is achieved in aqueous medium at pH 7 (phosphate buffer), and multivariate data including kinetic spectra of Au NPs are collected during aggregation process. Subsequently partial least squares (PLS) modeling is carried out analyzing the obtained data. The model is built on the... 

    Highly efficient hydroxyapatite/TiO2 composites covered by silver halides as E. coli disinfectant under visible light and dark media

    , Article Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences ; Volume 12, Issue 10 , 2013 , Pages 1787-1794 ; 1474905X (ISSN) Azimzadehirani, M ; Elahifard, M ; Haghighi, S ; Gholami, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    TiO2-based photocatalysts are seen as the most common agents for the photodegradation of bacteria. In this study, AgCl/TiO2, hydroxyapatite(Hp)/AgCl/TiO2, AgI/TiO2, and Hp/AgI/TiO2 were prepared by the deposition-precipitation method on P25 TiO2 nanoparticles and were characterized by XRD, SEM, FT-IR, EDX and BET methods. The prepared composites showed high efficiency for the inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria under visible light and in dark media with different catalyst amounts of 12 and 24 mg, respectively. In less than 30 min, AgI/TiO2, prepared by the combination of cationic surfactant and PVPI2, disinfected 1 × 107 colony-forming units of E. coli completely. However,... 

    Electromechanical resonator based on electrostatically actuated graphene-doped PVP nanofibers

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 24, Issue 13 , 2013 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Fardindoost, S ; Mohammadi, S ; Zad, A. I ; Sarvari, R ; Shariat Panahi, S. P ; Jokar, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper we present experimental results describing electrical readout of the mechanical vibratory response of graphene-doped fibers by employing electrical actuation. For a fiber resonator with an approximate radius of 850 nm and length of 100 m, we observed a resonance frequency around 580 kHz with a quality factor (Q) of about 2511 in air at ambient conditions. Through the use of finite element simulations, we show that the reported frequency of resonance is relevant. We also show that the resonance frequency of the fiber resonators decreases as the bias potential is increased due to the electrostatic spring-softening effect  

    Mechanical properties of graphene cantilever from atomic force microscopy and density functional theory

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 21, Issue 18 , 2010 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Rasuli, R ; Iraji Zad, A ; Ahadian, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    We have studied the mechanical properties of a few-layer graphene cantilever (FLGC) using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The mechanical properties of the suspended FLGC over an open hole have been derived from the AFM data. Force displacement curves using the Derjaguin-Müller-Toporov (DMT) and the massless cantilever beam models yield a Young modulus of Ec ∼ 37, Ea ∼ 0.7TPa and a Hamakar constant of ∼ 3 × 10 -18J. The threshold force to shear the FLGC was determined from a breaking force and modeling. In addition, we studied a graphene nanoribbon (GNR), which is a system similar to the FLGC; using density functional theory (DFT). The in-plane Young's modulus for the GNRs were calculated from... 

    Mechanical reinforcement of urinary bladder matrix by electrospun polycaprolactone nanofibers

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 24, Issue 6 , 2017 , Pages 3476-3480 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Ghafari, A. M ; Rajabi Zeleti, S ; Naji, M ; Ghanian, M. H ; Baharvand, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    For a successful repair and reconstruction of bladder tissue, fabrication of scaffolds with proper biochemical and biomechanical characteristics is necessary. Decellularized bladder tissue has been proposed in previous studies as a gold standard material for scaffold fabrication. However, weak mechanical properties of such a load-bearing tissue has remained a challenge. Incorporation of both biological and synthetic materials has been known as an effective strategy for improving mechanical and biological properties of the scaffolds. In the present work, a simple process was developed to fabricate hybrid hydrogel scaffolds with a biomimetic architecture from the natural urinary bladder... 

    Biodegradable nanopolymers in cardiac tissue engineering: from concept towards nanomedicine

    , Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 4205-4224 Mohammadi Nasr, S ; Rabiee, N ; Hajebi, S ; Ahmadi, S ; Fatahi, Y ; Hosseini, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Ghadiri, A. M ; Rabiee, M ; Jajarmi, V ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dove Medical Press Ltd  2020
    Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of heart failure and death in the world, and the transplantation of the heart is an effective and viable choice for treatment despite presenting many disadvantages (most notably, transplant heart availability). To overcome this problem, cardiac tissue engineering is considered a promising approach by using implantable artificial blood vessels, injectable gels, and cardiac patches (to name a few) made from biodegradable polymers. Biodegradable polymers are classified into two main categories: natural and synthetic polymers. Natural biodegradable polymers have some distinct advantages such as biodegradability, abundant availability, and... 

    Synthesis and characterization of gold nanotube/nanowire-polyurethane composite based on castor oil and polyethylene glycol

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Vol. 42 , 2014 , pp. 341-349 ; ISSN: 09284931 Ganji, Y ; Kasra,M ; Salahshour Kordestani, S ; Bagheri Hariri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Gold nanotubes/nanowires (GNT/NW) were synthesized by using the template-assisted electrodeposition technique and mixed with castor oil-polyethylene glycol based polyurethane (PU) to fabricate porous composite scaffolds for biomedical application. 100 and 50 ppm of GNT/NW were used to synthesize composites. The composite scaffolds were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and scanning electron microscopy. Cell attachment on polyurethane-GNT/NW composites was investigated using fat-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Addition of 50 or 100 ppm GNT/NW had significant effects on thermal, mechanical, and cell... 

    Joint mapping of mobility and trap density in colloidal quantum dot solids

    , Article ACS Nano ; Volume 7, Issue 7 , 2013 , Pages 5757-5762 ; 19360851 (ISSN) Stadler, P ; Sutherland, B. R ; Ren, Y ; Ning, Z ; Simchi, A ; Thon, S. M ; Hoogland, S ; Sargent, E. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Field-effect transistors have been widely used to study electronic transport and doping in colloidal quantum dot solids to great effect. However, the full power of these devices to elucidate the electronic structure of materials has yet to be harnessed. Here, we deploy nanodielectric field-effect transistors to map the energy landscape within the band gap of a colloidal quantum dot solid. We exploit the self-limiting nature of the potentiostatic anodization growth mode to produce the thinnest usable gate dielectric, subject to our voltage breakdown requirements defined by the Fermi sweep range of interest. Lead sulfide colloidal quantum dots are applied as the active region and are treated... 

    Polyphenols attached graphene nanosheets for high efficiency NIR mediated photodestruction of cancer cells

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 33, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 1498-1505 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Abdolahad, M ; Janmaleki, M ; Mohajerzadeh, S ; Akhavan, O ; Abbasi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Green tea-reduced graphene oxide (GT-rGO) sheets have been exploited for high efficiency near infrared (NIR) photothermal therapy of HT29 and SW48 colon cancer cells. The biocompatibility of GT-rGO sheets was investigated by means of MTT assays. The polyphenol constituents of GT-rGO act as effective targeting ligands for the attachment of rGO to the surface of cancer cells, as confirmed by the cell granularity test in flow cytometry assays and also by scanning electron microscopy. The photo-thermal destruction of higher metastatic cancer cells (SW48) is found to be more than 20% higher than that of the lower metastatic one (HT29). The photo-destruction efficiency factor of the GT-rGO is... 

    Pyrolytic carbon coating for cytocompatibility of titanium oxide nanoparticles: A promising candidate for medical applications

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2012 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Behzadi, S ; Imani, M ; Yousefi, M ; Galinetto, P ; Simchi, A ; Amiri, H ; Stroeve, P ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nanoparticles for biomedical use must be cytocompatible with the biological environment that they are exposed to. Current research has focused on the surface functionalization of nanoparticles by using proteins, polymers, thiols and other organic compounds. Here we show that inorganic nanoparticles such as titanium oxide can be coated by pyrolytic carbon (PyC) and that the coating has cytocompatible properties. Pyrolization and condensation of methane formed a thin layer of pyrolytic carbon on the titanium oxide core. The formation of the PyC shell retards coalescence and sintering of the ceramic phase. Our MTT assay shows that the PyC-coated particles are cytocompatible at employed doses  

    Application of chitosan-citric acid nanoparticles for removal of chromium (VI)

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 80 , September , 2015 , Pages 431-444 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Bagheri, M ; Younesi, H ; Hajati, S ; Borghei, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    In the present study, CS-CA nanoparticle was prepared for forming a new amide linkage, by grafting the amino groups of CS in the presence of carboxylic groups of CA that acts as cross-linking agent. The as-prepared CS-CA nanoparticle samples were characterized by use of dynamic light scattering (DLS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques, which showed that the cross-linking agent preserved during the chemical modifications. The adsorption capacity of the CS-CA nanoparticles for the removal of Cr (VI) in aqueous solution was studied. The adsorption equilibrium data... 

    Fabrication and characterization of conductive chitosan/gelatin-based scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 74 , 2015 , Pages 360-366 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Baniasadi, H ; Ramazani S. A., A ; Mashayekhan, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper reports on the development of conductive porous scaffolds by incorporating conductive polyaniline/graphene (PAG) nanoparticles into a chitosan/gelatin matrix for its potential application in peripheral nerve regeneration. The effect of PAG content on the various properties of the scaffold is investigated and the results showed that the electrical conductivity and mechanical properties increased proportional to the increase in the PAG loading, while the porosity, swelling ratio and in vitro biodegradability decreased. In addition, the biocompatibility was evaluated by assessing the adhesion and proliferation of Schwann cells on the prepared scaffolds using SEM and MTT assay,... 

    Characterization of carbon nanotube dispersion and filler network formation in melted polyol for nanocomposite materials

    , Article Powder Technology ; Volume 276 , 2015 , Pages 222-231 ; 00325910 (ISSN) Pircheraghi, G ; Foudazi, R ; Manas Zloczower, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Different grades of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were dispersed in poly(tetramethylene ether glycol) (PTMEG) without any solvent in the presence of a block copolymer dispersing agent by ultrasonication at a temperature well above the melting point of the PTMEG. The state of CNT dispersion at different length scales was evaluated by using optical microscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, rheological measurements, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis and sedimentation tests. Optical microscopy can be used to characterize the state of dispersion and CNT network formation on a micrometer scale, whereas UV-Vis provides useful information about the dispersion of individual CNTs at... 

    Electrospun decyl-3-methylimidazolium mono bromate/polyamide nanofibers as solid-phase microextraction coating

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1516 , 2017 , Pages 35-41 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Roostaie, A ; Rastegar, S ; Najarzadegan, H ; Ehteshami, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the current study, electrospun-based ionic liquid (IL) doped polyamide (PA) nanofibers were prepared and used as the coating material of solid phase microextration device in the fiber geometry. Addition of IL, decyl-3-methylimidazolium mono bromate, increased the conductivity of the PA solution facilitating the electrospining process. The scanning electron microscopy images of decyl-3-methylimidazolium mono bromated/polyamide nanofibers showed the decreased diameter of the nanofibers in the range of 35–160 nm compared to the PA nanofiber. The factors affecting the structure of nanofibers (e.g. ratio of decyl-3-methylimidazolium mono bromate to PA, coating time and applied voltage) were... 

    Biodiesel production from Spirulina microalgae feedstock using direct transesterification near supercritical methanol condition

    , Article Bioresource Technology ; Volume 239 , 2017 , Pages 378-386 ; 09608524 (ISSN) Mohamadzadeh Shirazi, H ; Karimi Sabet, J ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Microalgae as a candidate for production of biodiesel, possesses a hard cell wall that prevents intracellular lipids leaving out from the cells. Direct or in situ supercritical transesterification has the potential for destruction of microalgae hard cell wall and conversion of extracted lipids to biodiesel that consequently reduces the total energy consumption. Response surface methodology combined with central composite design was applied to investigate process parameters including: Temperature, Time, Methanol-to-dry algae, Hexane-to-dry algae, and Moisture content. Thirty-two experiments were designed and performed in a batch reactor, and biodiesel efficiency between 0.44% and 99.32% was... 

    TiO2 nanofibre assisted photocatalytic degradation of reactive blue 19 dye from aqueous solution

    , Article Environmental Technology ; Volume 30, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 233-239 ; 09593330 (ISSN) Rezaee, A ; Ghaneian, M. T ; Taghavinia, N ; Khajeh Aminian, M ; Hashemian, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    The photocatalytic degradation of Reactive Blue 19 (RB19) dye has been studied using TiO2 nanofibre as the photocatalyst in aqueous solution under UV irradiation. Titanium dioxide nanofibre was prepared using a templating method with tetraisopropylorthotitanate as a precursor. The experiments were carried out in the presence of the TiO2 nanofibre, and the effects of pH and electron acceptors on the degradation process were investigated. In order to observe the quality of the aqueous solution, chemical oxygen demand (COD) measurements were also carried out before and after the treatments. The photocatalytic decomposition of RB19 was most efficient in acidic solution. With the addition of... 

    Antibacterial activity of ultra-small copper oxide (II) nanoparticles synthesized by mechanochemical processing against S. aureus and E. coli

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 105 , 2019 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Moniri Javadhesari, S ; Alipour, S ; Mohammadnejad, S ; Akbarpour, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    In this paper, ultra-small CuO nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized through a mechanochemical method using two different Cu-containing precursors (i.e. CuSO4·5H2O and CuCl2·2H2O), and their structure and antibacterial activity were studied. From the microstructural studies, it was observed that CuO NPs have a spherical morphology and a narrow size distribution with 7 and 14 nm median particle sizes for CuCl2·2H2O and CuSO4.5H2O precursors, respectively. The CuCl2·2H2O derived nanoparticles showed more antibacterial activity than CuSO4.5H2O derived nanoparticles. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the synthesized nanoparticles (derived from both precursors) against E. coli and... 

    Nanofibrillated chitosan coated highly ordered titania nanotubes array/graphene nanocomposite with improved biological characters

    , Article Carbohydrate Polymers ; Volume 254 , 2021 ; 01448617 (ISSN) Rahnamaee, S. Y ; Bagheri, R ; Heidarpour, H ; Vossoughi, M ; Golizadeh, M ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Designing multifunctional surfaces is key to develop advanced materials for orthopedic applications. In this study, we design a double-layer coating, assembled onto the completely regular titania nanotubes (cRTNT) array. Benefiting from the biological and topological characteristics of chitosan nanofibers (CH) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) through a unique assembly, the designed material features promoted osteoblast cell viability, prolonged antibiotic release profile, as well as inhibited bacterial biofilm formation. The synergistic effect of RGO and CH on the biological performance of the surface is investigatSed. The unique morphology of the nanofibers leads to the partial coverage of...