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    Reduction of sensor population in a camera sensor network

    , Article 2008 International Symposium on Telecommunications, IST 2008, Tehran, 27 August 2008 through 28 August 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 349-353 ; 9781424427512 (ISBN) Sanjabi, M ; Samavi, S ; Ashori, M ; Karimi, N ; Fotohi, M ; Kasiri, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The problem of surveillance for intrusion detection in a camera sensor network is addressed in this paper. In order to save limited resources, a sensing task should involve just the right number of sensors. For a wide enough coverage area random and uniform distribution can be applied. We propose a novel method which allows reduction of number of sensors and guarantees a desired surveillance against aerial intrusion. Enhancement of the method is also offered to further reduce the number of sensors and improve the performance. ©2008 IEEE  

    Development& Implementation of an Algorithm to Generate Correlated Uniformly Distributed Tri-Dimensional Vectors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saberian, Fatemeh (Author) ; Akhavan Niaki, Taghi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, simulation science supports a wide range of researches. This science is in a constant improvement process. Simulation is a process to fulfill the real world problems by means of experiments which resemble to the real world situation so much. One of the preconditions in statistical simulation is to produce the random number and variables based on the presumed attributes and parameters. In this research, at first, a simple and fast responding algorithm to generate correlated uniformly distributed tri-dimensional vectors is proposed. In this algorithm by producing three groups of random numbers, we can produce tri-dimensional vectors of correlated uniformly distributed based on... 

    The Stability Analysis of Distributed Amplifier

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pasdar, Abbas (Author) ; Medi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Advancement in the field of electronics can often be observed from the improvement in performance of active circuits and systems. The amplifier, because it is a highly versatile functional circuit, has always been one of the first to benefit from new developments. Of the many characteristic of an amplifier, perhaps the most notable are the gain and the frequency response. In many applications, both the gain and the bandwidth need to be optimized. One of the most significant structures which have proper gain and bandwidth, are distributed amplifiers. But these structures are nonsymmetrical and have many active loops. As a result, the stability analysis of distributed amplifier is quite... 

    Distribution of Points on the Sphere

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bakhshizadeh, Milad (Author) ; Alishahi, Kasra (Supervisor) ; Shahshahani, Mehrdad (Co-Advisor) ; Kamalinejad, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    The focus of this thesis is the computation of the discrepancy for any given distribution of points on S2. The problem of the distribution of points on the sphere has a long history and Thomson’s Problem, inspired by early atomic theory dating back to 1904, was a landmark. While Thomson’s Problem is based on the Coulomb potential, the discrepancy measures the deviation of the number of points in a set from the expected one. The Polar Coordinates method was introduced in the context of Thomson’s problem. In this thesis the order of the growth of the discrepancy for this method is investigated and a modification of it is shown to lead to the best known results. In addition a new algorithm is... 

    Nonlinear free and forced vibrations of graphene nanoplatelet reinforced microbeams with geometrical imperfection

    , Article Microsystem Technologies ; Volume 25, Issue 8 , 2019 , Pages 3137-3150 ; 09467076 (ISSN) Mirjavadi, S. S ; Mohasel Afshari, B ; Barati, M. R ; Hamouda, A. M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2019
    Abstract
    Nonlinear free/forced vibration of a functionally graded graphene nanoplatelet (GNP) reinforced microbeam having geometrical imperfection which is rested on a non-linear elastic substrate have been studied in the present research. Graphene Platelets have been uniformly and non-uniformly scattered in the cross section area of the microbeam. Non-uniform distribution of GNPs is considered to be linear or non-linear type. Geometric imperfection is considered similar to the first vibration mode of microbeam. Size effects due to micro-rotations are captured in this study by means of modified couple stress elasticity. In the case of forced vibration, a uniform harmonic load is exerted to the top... 

    Developing a wide easy-to-generate class of bivariate copulas

    , Article Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods ; Volume 37, Issue 12 , Volume 37, Issue 12 , 2008 , Pages 1919-1929 ; 03610926 (ISSN) Izady, N ; Mahlooji, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2008
    Abstract
    As of late, copulas have drawn great attention in stochastic simulation, financial engineering, and risk management. Their power lies under their ability of modeling dependent random variables. Using a known theorem in probability which proves that the fractional part of the sum of a uniform and an arbitrary independent continuous random variable follows a uniform distribution, we construct a wide class of bivariate copulas in which bivariate random vector generation can be performed easily. Some important members of this new class and their properties together with two invariant correlation measures and some insights in their application are presented. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC  

    Joint single vendor-single buyer supply chain problem with stochastic demand and fuzzy lead-time

    , Article Knowledge-Based Systems ; Volume 48 , 2013 , Pages 1-9 ; 09507051 (ISSN) Taleizadeh, A. A ; Niaki, S. T .A ; Wee, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    This study solves a chance-constraint supply chain problem with stochastic demand which follows a uniform distribution. Fuzzy delay times (moving, waiting and setup time) are assumed to be lot size dependent and shortage is partially backordered. The buyer is responsible for the costs incurred in ordering, holding, shortage and transportation, while the vendor is responsible for setup and holding costs. The service rate of each product has a chance constraint and the buyer has a budget constraint. Our objective is to determine the re-order point and the order quantity of the products such that the total cost is minimized. Since the problem is uncertain integer-nonlinear, two hybrid... 

    Improved resolution three-dimensional integral imaging using optimized irregular lens-array structure

    , Article Applied Optics ; Volume 51, Issue 25 , 2012 , Pages 6031-6037 ; 1559128X (ISSN) Kavehvash, Z ; Mehrany, K ; Bagheri, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A rigorous approach is proposed to improve the resolution of integral imaging (InI) by finding the appropriate form of irregularity in the arrangement of the InI lenslets. The improvement of the resolution is achieved through redistribution of the sampling points in a uniform manner. The optimization process for finding the optimum pattern of the lens-array irregularity is carried out by minimizing a cost function, whose mathematical closed-form expression is provided. The minimization of the proposed cost function ensures the uniform distribution of sampling points and thus improves the resolution within the desired depth of field (DOF) and field of view (FOV). A set of standard resolution... 

    Mixed electroosmotically and pressure-driven flow with temperature- dependent properties

    , Article Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer ; Volume 25, Issue 3 , Sep , 2011 , Pages 432-442 ; 08878722 (ISSN) Sadeghi, A ; Yavari, H ; Saidi, M. H ; Chakraborty, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    The present work reports the outcome of a comprehensive parametric study on mixed electroosmotically and pressure-driven flow in slit microchannels with constant wall heat fluxes. Special attention is given to disclose the applicability ranges of usual assumptions in simplified analyses. The governing equations for fully developed conditions are first made dimensionless and then solved by means of an implicit finite difference method. The results reveal that the assumption of constant thermophysical properties does not leadto significant errors in practical applications. Although the Debye-Huckel linearization may successfully be used to evaluate velocity profiles up to the zeta potentials... 

    The effect of the physical properties of the substrate on the kinetics of cell adhesion and crawling studied by an axisymmetric diffusion-energy balance coupled model

    , Article Soft Matter ; Volume 11, Issue 18 , Mar , 2015 , Pages 3693-3705 ; 1744683X (ISSN) Samadi Dooki, A ; Shodja, H. M ; Malekmotiei, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    Abstract
    In this paper an analytical approach to study the effect of the substrate physical properties on the kinetics of adhesion and motility behavior of cells is presented. Cell adhesion is mediated by the binding of cell wall receptors and substrate's complementary ligands, and tight adhesion is accomplished by the recruitment of the cell wall binders to the adhesion zone. The binders' movement is modeled as their axisymmetric diffusion in the fluid-like cell membrane. In order to preserve the thermodynamic consistency, the energy balance for the cell-substrate interaction is imposed on the diffusion equation. Solving the axisymmetric diffusion-energy balance coupled equations, it turns out that... 

    Various boundary condition implementation to study microfilters using DSMC simulation

    , Article ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2010, Vancouver, BC, 12 November 2010 through 18 November 2010 ; Volume 2 , 2010 , Pages 433-442 ; 9780791844267 (ISBN) Darbandi, M ; Akhlaghi, H ; Karchani, A ; Vakili, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In this study, we present a vast boundary condition treatment to simulate gas flow through microfilters using direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method. We examine the effects of different boundary condition treatments on the density, pressure, and velocity distributions and suggest the best conditions to simulate gas flow through microfilters. We also refine the effects of upstream and downstream locations on the solution. The results show that uniform distributions can be achieved if we apply the inlet/outlet boundary condition at appropriate upstream and downstream distances. We also show that all the suggested boundary conditions suitably predict the pressure drop coefficient factor... 

    A fine-grained configurable cache architecture for soft processors

    , Article 18th CSI International Symposium on Computer Architecture and Digital Systems, 7 October 2015 through 8 October 2015 ; 2015 ; 9781467380232 (ISBN) Biglari, M ; Mirzazad Barijough, K ; Goudarzi, M ; Pourmohseni, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    Abstract
    The ever increasing density and performance of FPGAS, has increased the importance and popularity of soft processors. The growing gap between the speed of processors and memories can partly be compensated through memory hierarchy. Since memory accesses follow a non-uniform distribution, and vary from one application to another, variable set-associative cache architectures have emerged. In this paper, a novel cache architecture, primarily aimed at soft processors, is proposed to address the variable access demands of applications, through dynamically configurable line-associativity, with no memory overhead. The FPGA implementation of the proposed architecture achieves an average miss count... 

    Wear wear properties of rheo-squeeze cast aluminum matrix reinforced with nano particulates

    , Article Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces ; Volume 52, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 486-491 ; 20702051 (ISSN) Ostad Shabani, M ; Heydari, F ; Tofigh, A. A ; Rahimipour, M. R ; Razavi, M ; Mazahery, A ; Davami, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Maik Nauka Publishing / Springer SBM 
    Abstract
    There are many approaches to fabricate nanoparticles reinforced aluminum matrix composites. However, uniform distribution of nanoparticle within aluminum matrix remains a difficult challenge. In this study, a novel method is used by taking the advantages from squeeze casting of semi-solid aluminum slurry combined with electromagnetic field to refine the microstructure of the primary Al and eutectic Si phase, plus to obtain uniform distribution nano alumina particles in the aluminum matrix. It is noted that electromagnetic field plays an important role in the formation of non-dendritic primary α-Al particles and a great microstructure refinement occurs as a consequence of the pressure... 

    Mechanical properties of Al–30Si–5Fe alloy using combination of rapid solidification and thixoforming processes

    , Article Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis ; Volume 6, Issue 6 , 2017 , Pages 502-511 ; 21929262 (ISSN) Shafizadeh, M ; Aashuri, H ; Nikzad, S ; Ferasat, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, a combination of rapid solidification (melt-spinning) and semisolid forming (thixoforming) processes was used to refine the coarse microstructure of “as-cast” Al–30Si–5Fe alloy and improve its mechanical properties. Al–30Si–5Fe ribbons produced by the melt-spinning process were pulverized and subsequently consolidated at 300 °C in an argon atmosphere. Prepared specimens were thixoformed at temperatures ranging from 580 to 700 °C for various holding times. Some cast samples were also directly thixoformed as reference. In all thixoformed samples, microstructures were modified and needle-like intermetallic compounds as well as silicon particles in the as-cast part were changed... 

    Transient liquid phase bonding of 304 stainless steel using a co-based interlayer

    , Article Science and Technology of Welding and Joining ; Volume 22, Issue 8 , 2017 , Pages 666-672 ; 13621718 (ISSN) Sadeghian, M ; Ekrami, A ; Jamshidi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Transient liquid phase bonding of AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel was carried out using a Co-based interlayer with 40 μm thickness. The effect of bonding time and solid-state homogenisation time on the microstructure and mechanical properties of samples was investigated. The results showed that isothermal solidification was completed within 30 min at a constant temperature of 1180°C. With increasing homogenisation time, at 1000°C, a more uniform distribution of alloying elements and hardness profile across the joint region was achieved. The average shear strength of homogenised samples was about 72% that of the base metal at the same heat treatment cycle. © 2017 Institute of Materials,... 

    Optimal design and simulation of sensor arrays for solar motion estimation

    , Article IEEE Sensors Journal ; Volume 17, Issue 6 , 2017 , Pages 1673-1680 ; 1530437X (ISSN) Yousefian, P ; Durali, M ; Jalali, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2017
    Abstract
    Modern sensors consist of arrays of detectors specially arranged to enhance precision, capabilities, and field of view (FOV). Sensor arrays can have multiple functionalities, such as the simultaneous detection of position and motion. We use a linear sensor model and develop an optimization method to design an array of photodiodes. Our objective function minimizes bias and variance estimations. We introduce a maximum likelihood technique to approximate and determine the bias caused by measurement errors, and verify our theory by statistically complete simulations. We apply our theory to design an optimal sun sensor. The sensor has a predefined conical FOV, and its accuracy is controlled by a... 

    Stochastic geometry modeling and analysis of single- and multi-cluster wireless networks

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Communications ; Volume 66, Issue 10 , 2018 , Pages 4981-4996 ; 00906778 (ISSN) Azimi Abarghouyi, S. M ; Makki, B ; Haenggi, M ; Nasiri Kenari, M ; Svensson, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2018
    Abstract
    This paper develops a stochastic geometry-based approach for the modeling and analysis of single- and multi-cluster wireless networks. We first define finite homogeneous Poisson point processes to model the number and locations of the transmitters in a confined region as a single-cluster wireless network. We study the coverage probability for a reference receiver for two strategies; closest-selection, where the receiver is served by the closest transmitter among all transmitters, and uniform-selection, where the serving transmitter is selected randomly with uniform distribution. Second, using Matern cluster processes, we extend our model and analysis to multi-cluster wireless networks. Here,... 

    Uniform cooling of a flat surface by an optimized array of turbulent impinging air jets

    , Article Heat Transfer Engineering ; Volume 40, Issue 20 , 2019 , Pages 1750-1761 ; 01457632 (ISSN) Sedighi, E ; Mazloom, A ; Hakkaki Fard, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    The aim of this study is to investigate the uniform cooling of a hot isothermal heated target surface, using four turbulent impinging air jets. Eight parameters including the width of jets, the space between the inner jets, the space between inner and outer jets, the distance of jets from the plate, the impingement angle of jets, and the overall volumetric flow rate of the cooling air per unit depth of the nozzle are considered as design variables. The normalized standard deviation of the local Nusselt number from the desired Nusselt number is considered as the objective function. An optimization algorithm based on pattern search method is utilized to obtain the optimum array of the jets.... 

    Preparation of mullite-TiB2-CNTs hybrid composite through spark plasma sintering

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 45, Issue 13 , 2019 , Pages 16288-16296 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Orooji, Y ; Ghasali, E ; Moradi, M ; Derakhshandeh, M. R ; Alizadeh, M ; Shahedi Asl, M ; Ebadzadeh, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    A near fully dense mullite-TiB2-CNTs hybrid composite was prepared successfully trough spark plasma sintering. 1 wt%CNT and 10 wt%TiB2 were mixed with nano-sized mullite powders using a high energy mixer mill. Spark plasma sintering was carried out at 1350 °C under the primary and final pressure of 10 MPa and 30 MPa, respectively. XRD results showed mullite and TiB2 as dominant crystalline phases accompanied by tiny peaks of alumina. The microstructure of prepared composites demonstrated uniform distribution of TiB2 reinforcements in mullite matrix without any pores and porosities as a result of near fully densified spark plasma sintered composite. The fracture surface of composite revealed... 

    The role of surface wettability on the heat transfer in liquid-liquid two-phase flow in a microtube

    , Article Physics of Fluids ; Volume 31, Issue 8 , 2019 ; 10706631 (ISSN) Moezzi, M ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S ; Farhanieh, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Physics Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Liquid-liquid two-phase flow is capable of boosting heat transfer in microdevices compared to the single-phase and gas-liquid flows. A thorough investigation is performed here to characterize the heat transfer in water-oil flow in a microtube. Finite element method along with the level-set model is employed for numerical simulation. A main part of this paper is devoted to studying the effect of wettability on the heat transfer performance. Four contact angles of 0°, 30°, 150°, and 180° are investigated, which revealed that the contact angle of 150° produces the highest Nusselt number (Nu). Triple points form at this contact angle, and the slugs slide on the wall, which results in more...