Search for: uptake-properties
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    Comparison of the batch and breakthrough properties of stable and plain alginate microcapsules with a chelating resin and an ion exchanger in Ag+ adsorption

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 47, Issue 17 , 5 August , 2008 , Pages 6742-6752 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Outokesh, M ; Niibori, Y ; Mimura, H ; Ahmadi, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    A comparative study on the uptake properties of alginate microcapsules containing Cyanex 302 extractant, Lewatite TP 214 chelating resin, and Amberlite 200CT strongly acidic ion exchanger has been conducted using Ag+ as the target ion. The study resulted in an analytical formula, as well as three phenomenological breakthrough formulas that are also applicable in other fixed-bed operations. It also demonstrated a close similarity of the uptake properties of alginate microcapsules (MCs) and the chelating resins. Advantages of MCs over chelating resins include ease of preparation, ability to immobilize different extractants, and, most remarkably, an enormous distribution factor (Kd ≈ 106... 

    Synthesis of “L-cysteine–graphene oxide” hybrid by new methods and elucidation of its uptake properties for Hg(II) ion

    , Article Separation Science and Technology (Philadelphia) ; Volume 53, Issue 6 , 2018 , Pages 843-855 ; 01496395 (ISSN) Daneshmand, M ; Outokesh, M ; Akbari, A ; Kosari, M ; Tayyebi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2018
    This study introduces two new, simple, and scalable methods for synthesis of “cysteine–graphene oxide” hybrid, namely nucleophilic and covalent methods. Produced adsorbents could uptake 500 and 600 mg Hg2+/g, respectively, which are larger than capacities of most of the commercial adsorbents. By means of different instrumental techniques, chemical structures of the obtained graphene products were disclosed, and two pertinent mechanisms for their formations were suggested. Time for attaining uptake equilibrium for nucleophilic/covalent samples was 30 min/150 min, and kinetics was controlled by liquid film resistance/chemical reaction mechanisms, respectively. High selectivity and good... 

    Synthesis and characterization of a bentonite-alginate microspherical adsorbent for removal of uranyl ions from aqueous Solutions

    , Article Separation Science and Technology ; Volume 45, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 288-298 ; 01496395 (ISSN) Tayyebi, A ; Khanchi, A ; Ghofrani, M.B ; Outokesh, M ; Sharif University of Technogy
    A novel microspherical adsorbent for the removal of uranium from aqueous solutions was developed by immobilizing of natural bentonite in the polymeric matrix of calcium alginate. Different uptake properties of the prepared microspheres were examined using batch, stirred and column methods. The adsorbent showed high affinity toward uranium ions, especially at pHs above 3. Major uptake mechanisms included ion exchange, chelating of the (UO2)2+ ions to the -OH groups of alginate, and surface complexation with bentonite. Surprisingly, the capacity of microspheres was higher than both its constituents, revealing that a synergetic effect occurs. Adsorption kinetics was controlled by slow chemical...