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    Population capacity threats to urban area resiliency: Observations on chaotic transportation network behavior

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 1675-1688 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Sharifi, M. S ; Shahabi, M ; Abshar, E ; Khorgami, M. H ; Pourzahedy, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology 
    Abstract
    This paper is an endeavor to picture excessive population threats to the resiliency of a large metropolitan area. By employing an existing evolutionary model of traffic flow on a small expository network, we show how chaotic situations occur at certain demand and supply parameter values and try to address the questions: How may one determine city population capacity for its transportation network, what happens if the city passes this limit, or how may one return the city to a stable situation when it runs into unstable or chaotic situations. Under certain assumptions, the paper designs a simulation experiment to revisit the phenomenon discovered by Greenshields in 1934, but for a... 

    Statistical modeling approaches for pm10 prediction in urban areas; A review of 21st-century studies

    , Article Atmosphere ; Volume 7, Issue 2 , 2016 ; 20734433 (ISSN) Taheri Shahraiyni , H ; Sodoudi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2016
    Abstract
    PM10 prediction has attracted special legislative and scientific attention due to its harmful effects on human health. Statistical techniques have the potential for high-accuracy PM10 prediction and accordingly, previous studies on statistical methods for temporal, spatial and spatio-temporal prediction of PM10 are reviewed and discussed in this paper. A review of previous studies demonstrates that Support Vector Machines, Artificial Neural Networks and hybrid techniques show promise for suitable temporal PM10 prediction. A review of the spatial predictions of PM10 shows that the LUR (Land Use Regression) approach has been successfully utilized for spatial prediction of PM10 in urban areas.... 

    High-resolution air temperature mapping in urban areas a review on different modelling techniques

    , Article Thermal Science ; Volume 21, Issue 6 , 2017 , Pages 2267-2286 ; 03549836 (ISSN) Taheri Shahraiyni, H ; Sodoudi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, the importance of air temperature from different aspects (e. g., human and plant health, ecological and environmental processes, urban planning, and modelling) is presented in detail, and the major factors affecting air temperature in urban areas are introduced. Given the importance of air temperature, and the necessity of developing high-resolution spatio-temporal air-temperature maps, this paper categorizes the existing approaches for air temperature estimation into three categories (interpolation, regression, and simulation approaches) and reviews them. This paper focuses on high-resolution air temperature mapping in urban areas, which is difficult due to strong... 

    Evaluating the uncertainty of urban flood model using glue approach

    , Article Urban Water Journal ; Volume 19, Issue 6 , 2022 , Pages 600-615 ; 1573062X (ISSN) Kobarfard, M ; Fazloula, R ; Zarghami, M ; Akbarpour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    This study is an attempt to investigate and analyze uncertainty through the Glue method in parts of Tabriz, Iran, using the SWMM urban flood model. In order to quantify the uncertainty, the initial range of input parameters including curve number, impenetrability percentage, penetrability level’s coarseness coefficient, and impenetrability level’s coarseness coefficient are defined and the GLUE algorithm is used to conduct primary sampling operation from parametric space using Latin hypercube sampling method. Considering the simulation results and the observed values of synchronized events, about %20 of the total outputs and generated parameters series have been excluded as acceptable... 

    Ranking locations for hydrogen production using hybrid wind-solar: a case study

    , Article Sustainability (Switzerland) ; Volume 13, Issue 8 , 2021 ; 20711050 (ISSN) Almutairi, K ; Mostafaeipour, A ; Jahanshahi, E ; Jooyandeh, E ; Himri, Y ; Jahangiri, M ; Issakhov, A ; Chowdhury, S ; Hosseini Dehshiri, J ; Hosseini Dehshiri, S ; Techato, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Abstract
    Observing the growing energy demand of modern societies, many countries have rec-ognized energy security as a looming problem and renewable energies as a solution to this issue. Renewable hydrogen production is an excellent method for the storage and transfer of energy generated by intermittent renewable sources such as wind and solar so that they can be used at a place and time of our choosing. In this study, the suitability of 15 cities in Fars province, Iran, for renewable hydrogen production was investigated and compared by the use of multiple multi-criteria decision-making methods including ARAS, SAW, CODAS, and TOPSIS. The obtained rankings were aggregated by rank averaging, Borda... 

    A comparative evaluation of DECT, PACS, and PHS standards for wireless local loop applications

    , Article IEEE Communications Magazine ; Volume 39, Issue 5 , 2001 , Pages 156-163 ; 01636804 (ISSN) Momtahan, O ; Hashemi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2001
    Abstract
    In a comparative analysis performance and capacity of DECT, PACS, and PHS for wireless local loop applications have been investigated. This article reports the results of both qualitative and quantitative analyses. The qualitative evaluation consists of a detailed comparison of the parameters of each standard and their relevance in WLL applications. In the quantitative analysis detailed simulations were performed covering diverse sets of conditions. The results of both types of analysis are presented. A major conclusion is that all three standards provide satisfactory performance for WLL applications. For low traffic environments PACS, which can employ larger cells, performs better than the... 

    Comparative evaluation of DECT, PACS, and PHS standards for wireless local loop applications

    , Article IEEE Personal Communications ; Volume 7, Issue 3 , 2000 , Pages 35-41 ; 10709916 (ISSN) Momtahan, O ; Hashemi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2000
    Abstract
    In a comparative analysis performance and capacity of DECT, PACS, and PHS for WLL applications have been investigated. This article reports the results of both qualitative and quantitative analysis. The qualitative evaluation consists of a detailed comparison of the parameters of each standard and their relevance in WLL applications. In the quantitative analysis detailed simulations have been performed covering diversified sets of conditions. The results of both types of analysis are presented. A major conclusion is that all three standards provide satisfactory performance for WLL applications. For low-traffic environments PACS, which can employ larger cells, performs better than the other... 

    A novel regression imputation framework for Tehran air pollution monitoring network using outputs from WRF and CAMx models

    , Article Atmospheric Environment ; Volume 187 , 2018 , Pages 24-33 ; 13522310 (ISSN) Shahbazi, H ; Karimi, S ; Hosseini, V ; Yazgi, D ; Torbatian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Missing or incomplete data in short or long intervals is a common problem in measuring air pollution. Severe issues may arise when dealing with missing data for time-series prediction schemes or mean analysis. This study aimed to develop a new regression imputation framework to impute missing values in the hourly air quality data set of Tehran and enhance the applicability of Tehran Air Pollution Forecasting System (TAPFS). The proposed framework was designed based on three types of features including measurements of other stations, WRF and CAMx physical models. In this framework, elastic net and neuro-fuzzy networks were efficiently combined in a two-layer structure. The framework was... 

    Simulation of Flow around Building for Using Small wind Turbine in Urban Areas

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sharifi, Pooria (Author) ; Boroushaki, Mehrdad (Supervisor) ; Avami, Akram (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Wind is one of the clean energies available in the world which its damage to the environment is less than other renewable resources. One of technologies of generating energy from wind is the small turbines installed in city area. However, installing these turbines in cities may encounter with problems such as low speed of wind and high turbulence in the air causing aero-dynamic noise. If the turbines are installed in a bad place in cities, their electricity generation might be zero. Among important parameters that affect the performance of the turbines installed in the roof is the formation of the building, the buildings around, and the location of wind turbine. If the buildings’... 

    Investigation of the Effect of Particulate Emissions From Steel Complex on Adjacent Urban Areas Using Source and Receptor Modeling Approaches

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zeinali, Shervin (Author) ; Torkian, Ayoob (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Expansion of city boundaries as a result of increased population has reduced the distance from industrial complexes and health effects of industrial air pollution have been intensified. As such, studies are needed to determine appropriate methodologies for quantifying the effect of these industries on the concentration of air pollutants in urban areas. In this study, particulate emissions from a steel mill complex was modeled using ADMS4 and the predicted results were compared with actual measurements made in the adjacent urban area. A receptor model (CMB8.2) was also used to quantify the share of the steel mill on the heavy metals' concentrations in the city by considering other sources... 

    A comprehensive statistical study on daytime surface urban heat island during summer in urban areas, case study: Cairo and its new towns

    , Article Remote Sensing ; Volume 8, Issue 8 , 2016 ; 20724292 (ISSN) Taheri Shahraiyni, H ; Sodoudi, S ; El Zafarany, A ; Abou El Seoud, T ; Ashraf, H ; Krone, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2016
    Abstract
    Surface urban heat island (SUHI) is defined as the elevated land surface temperature (LST) in urban area in comparison with non-urban areas, and it can influence the energy consumption, comfort and health of urban residents. In this study, the existence of daytime SUHI, in Cairo and its new towns during the summer, is investigated using three different approaches; (1) utilization of pre-urbanization observations as LST references; (2) utilization of rural observations as LST references (urban-rural difference); and (3) utilization of the SIUHI (Surface Intra Urban Heat Island) approach. A time series of Landsat TM & ETM+ data (46 images) from 1984 to 2015 was employed in this study for... 

    Assessing the functionality of different constitutive models in predicting the behavior of deep stabilized excavations

    , Article 16th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, ARC 2019; 14 October 2019 through 18 October 2019 ; 2020 Jafarzadeh, F ; Garakani, A. A ; Shahrabi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering  2020
    Abstract
    In this study, application of Limit Equilibrium (LE) and Finite Element Model (FEM) analyses have been presented and discussed for support design of a 30-m deep excavation in Tehran. A combination of nailing and strand anchorage with block system were designed and used to support the vertical cut in multiple steps of excavation. In this regard, safety factors have been assessed based on LEM using Mohr-Coulomb model, while deformations were estimated using the Hardening Soil model in an FEM platform. Comparison of the design models and field monitoring of deformations indicate a reasonably well performed engineering approach which can be implemented in similar projects in dense urban areas.... 

    Frequency planning of GSM cellular communication network in urban areas including traffic distribution, a practical implementation

    , Article 2008 Asia-Pacific Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility and 19th International Zurich Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, APEMC 2008, Suntec, 19 May 2008 through 23 May 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 891-894 ; 9810806280 (ISBN); 9789810806286 (ISBN) Atamanesh, M ; Farzaneh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Using an in-house developed software the signal level, the best server cells, and the amount of interference using standard propagation models are determined in a cellular environment. The program is also able to assign the frequency channels automatically to the TRXs taking into account the carrier to interference and the traffic distribution using a genetic algorithm. In this paper, the cost function is based on the total Carrier to Interference ratio (C/I) and the traffic density of the serving area. The software by means of a genetic algorithm approaches a frequency assignment which increases the overall quality of service throughout the cellular network. The package has been used in a... 

    Earthquake vulnerability assessment for urban areas using an ann and hybrid swot-qspm model

    , Article Remote Sensing ; Volume 13, Issue 22 , 2021 ; 20724292 (ISSN) Alizadeh, M ; Zabihi, H ; Rezaie, F ; Asadzadeh, A ; Wolf, I. D ; Langat, P. K ; Khosravi, I ; Beiranvand Pour, A ; Mohammad Nataj, M ; Pradhan, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Abstract
    Tabriz city in NW Iran is a seismic-prone province with recurring devastating earthquakes that have resulted in heavy casualties and damages. This research developed a new computational framework to investigate four main dimensions of vulnerability (environmental, social, economic and physical). An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Model and a SWOT-Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) were applied. Firstly, a literature review was performed to explore indicators with significant impact on aforementioned dimensions of vulnerability to earthquakes. Next, the twenty identified indicators were analyzed in ArcGIS, a geographic information system (GIS) software, to map earthquake... 

    Earthquake vulnerability assessment for urban areas using an ann and hybrid swot-qspm model

    , Article Remote Sensing ; Volume 13, Issue 22 , 2021 ; 20724292 (ISSN) Alizadeh, M ; Zabihi, H ; Rezaie, F ; Asadzadeh, A ; Wolf, I. D ; Langat, P. K ; Khosravi, I ; Beiranvand Pour, A ; Nataj, M. M ; Pradhan, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Abstract
    Tabriz city in NW Iran is a seismic-prone province with recurring devastating earthquakes that have resulted in heavy casualties and damages. This research developed a new computational framework to investigate four main dimensions of vulnerability (environmental, social, economic and physical). An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Model and a SWOT-Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) were applied. Firstly, a literature review was performed to explore indicators with significant impact on aforementioned dimensions of vulnerability to earthquakes. Next, the twenty identified indicators were analyzed in ArcGIS, a geographic information system (GIS) software, to map earthquake... 

    Assessing the contribution of different sources in atmospheric dispersion of PM2.5 and related health impact in a region of Qazvin, Iran

    , Article Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health ; Volume 15, Issue 8 , 2022 , Pages 1379-1394 ; 18739318 (ISSN) Rezazadeh, A. A ; Avami, A ; Mashayekhi, M ; Kianbakhsh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B.V  2022
    Abstract
    Consumption of fossil fuels in residential, industrial, and transportation sectors has a significant contribution to air pollution and high attributable premature deaths. To target specific strategies for reducing health effects, the anthropogenic sources and their contributions should be identified. This article provides an integrated modeling approach to evaluate the sector-specific contributions of different PM2.5 sources on air pollution and relevant health impacts. The dispersion of emissions from different sources is modeled by the American Meteorological Society/Environmental Protection Agency Regulatory Model (AERMOD), and the health impacts are estimated by the Environmental... 

    Determination and prioritization of criteria to design urban energy resilience conceptual model (Part 1)

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 19, Issue 5 , 2022 , Pages 3593-3606 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Mohaghegh Zahed, L ; Abbaspour, M ; Ghodoosi, J ; Sharifi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2022
    Abstract
    Nowadays, around 70% percent of global energy usage is consumed in urban areas. Undoubtedly, this figure will increase in coming decades due to population rise. As a result, energy resiliency can be considered as an important issue in urban context. Resilience of energy supply in urban areas can be categorized in two approaches, short-term and long-term. Short-term applies to cope with threats such as earthquakes and floods, and long-term applies to deal with impacts of climate change on global warming. In this study, literature review was applied to design questionnaire for expert survey, followed by Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process method to categorize 34 sub-criteria divided under four... 

    Assessment of nitrate contamination in unsaturated zone of urban areas: the case study of Tehran, Iran

    , Article Environmental Geology ; Volume 57, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 1785-1798 ; 09430105 (ISSN) Joekar Niasar, V ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Modeling fate of nitrogen in unsaturated and saturated zone is a complex process, which requires detailed geochemical data. Complexities of the process as well as data insufficiencies are two major issues, which make quantitative assessment of the problem more complicated. In this work, a lumped-parameter model (LPM) is proposed that has been evaluated for a data-limited case to study temporal and steady-state behavior of Nitrate and Ammonium in unsaturated zone. The concentration of components in the model are assumed as the depth-averaged concentrations, and dispersive fluxes have been neglected. The case study area is Tehran City aquifer, which is highly contaminated by domestic... 

    Optimal fast charging station placing and sizing

    , Article Applied Energy ; Vol. 125 , July , 2014 , pp. 289-299 ; ISSN: 03062619 Sadeghi-Barzani, P ; Rajabi-Ghahnavieh, A ; Kazemi-Karegar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Fast charging stations are vital components for public acceptance of electric vehicle (EV). The stations are connected to the electric grid and can recharge an electric vehicle in less than 20. min. Charging station development is highly influenced by the government policy in allocating station development costs. This paper presents a Mixed-Integer Non-Linear (MINLP) optimization approach for optimal placing and sizing of the fast charging stations. The station development cost, EV energy loss, electric gird loss as well as the location of electric substations and urban roads are among the factors included in the proposed approach. Geographic information has been used to determine EV energy... 

    Contribution of the Middle Eastern dust source areas to PM10 levels in urban receptors: Case study of Tehran, Iran

    , Article Atmospheric Environment ; Volume 75 , 2013 , Pages 287-295 ; 13522310 (ISSN) Givehchi, R ; Arhami, M ; Tajrishy, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The origins and evolution of the Middle Eastern dust storms which frequently impact the residents of this arid region were studied. A methodology was adapted and developed to identify the desert regions of potential dust sources and determine their contributions to PM10 concentrations in the highly-populated receptor city of Tehran, Iran. Initially, the episodes of regional dust intrusion and the resulting amounts of increase in the particulate concentrations during these episodes were determined using a statistical analyzing methodology. The dust episodes were also inspected with the aerosol index information from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI). The Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian...