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    Quantitative determination of optical trapping strength and viscoelastic moduli inside living cells

    , Article Physical Biology ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2013 ; 14783967 (ISSN) Mas, J ; Richardson, A. C ; Reihani, S. N. S ; Oddershede, L. B ; Berg Sorensen, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    With the success of in vitro single-molecule force measurements obtained in recent years, the next step is to perform quantitative force measurements inside a living cell. Optical traps have proven excellent tools for manipulation, also in vivo, where they can be essentially non-invasive under correct wavelength and exposure conditions. It is a pre-requisite for in vivo quantitative force measurements that a precise and reliable force calibration of the tweezers is performed. There are well-established calibration protocols in purely viscous environments; however, as the cellular cytoplasm is viscoelastic, it would be incorrect to use a calibration procedure relying on a viscous environment.... 

    Mechanical characteristics of SPG-178 hydrogels: Optimizing viscoelastic properties through microrheology and response surface methodology

    , Article Iranian Biomedical Journal ; Volume 24, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 110-118 Seyedkarimi, M. S ; Mirzadeh, H ; Mohammadi, A ; Bagheri Khoulenjani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Pasteur Institute of Iran  2020
    Background: SApeptides have growing applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The application of SApeptide-based hydrogels depends strongly on their viscoelastic properties. Optimizing the properties is of importance in tuning the characteristics of the hydrogels for a variety of applications. Methods: In this study, we employed statistical modeling, conducted with the RSM and particle tracking microrheology, to investigate the effects of self-assembling SPG-178 peptide and added NaCl salt concentrations and milieu type (DI water or blood serum) on the viscoelastic properties of SPG-178 hydrogels. A central composite RSM model was employed for finding the optimum value of... 

    Nanomechanics of actin filament: a molecular dynamics simulation

    , Article Cytoskeleton ; Volume 75, Issue 3 , March , 2018 , Pages 118-130 ; 19493584 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Mehrafrooz, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2018
    Actin is known as the most abundant essentially protein in eukaryotic cells. Actin plays a crucial role in many cellular processes involving mechanical forces such as cell motility, adhesion, muscle contraction, and intracellular transport. However, little is known about the mechanical properties of this protein when subjected to mechanical forces in cellular processes. In this article, a series of large-scale molecular dynamics simulations are carried out to elucidate nanomechanical behavior such as elastic and viscoelastic properties of a single actin filament. Here, we used two individual methods namely, all-atoms and coarse-grained molecular dynamics, to evaluate elastic properties of a...