Search for: viscometers
0.005 seconds

    Application of Ultrafiltration to Produce High Solid Content Yogurt

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tadayon Saeedi, Behnaz (Author) ; Roosta Azad, Reza (Supervisor) ; Razavi, Jalil (Supervisor)
    Labneh is a semisolid product that is produced by concentrating milk to approximately 23% total solids (wt/vol) by the traditional cloth bag method, ultrafiltration and direct reconstitution. For ultrafiltration membrane processing is carried out either before or immediately after fermentation. The effect of storage time on the flow properties of concentrated yogurt (labneh) was investigated using a rotational viscometer. Experiments were performed at after 0, 2, 5 and 14 days after production. The apparent viscosity of fresh sample was then measured as a function of shear rate. For a given shear rate, the apparent viscosity was measured as a function of shearing time. The increase in the... 

    Synthesis, characterization and comparison of PAM, cationic PDMC and P(AM-co-DMC) based on solution polymerization

    , Article Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry ; Volume 17, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 580-586 ; 1226086X (ISSN) Abdollahi, Z ; Frounchi, M ; Dadbin, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    High molecular weight homopolymers of acrylamide (PAM) and (2-methacryloyloxyethyl) trimethyl ammonium chloride (PDMC) and copolymer of DMC with acrylamide (P(AM-co-DMC)) were synthesized using solution polymerization technique. The synthesized polymers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), 1HNMR, 13CNMR spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and viscometery. 1HNMR and 13CNMR studies confirmed the structure of the synthesized polymers. The behavior of the synthesized polymers was investigated in water-acetone and water-methanol mixtures. The plot of intrinsic viscosity of either PAM or P(AM-co-DMC) with respect to acetone (methanol)/water ratio in... 

    Prediction of the kinematic viscosity of crude oil fractions

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 28, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 646-653 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Soltani, A ; Nozarpour, A ; Aghamiri, S. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    A generalized equation based on modified Eyring's theory for predicting kinematic viscosity of petroleum fractions is proposed in this work. The equation uses two reference fluids including a pair of (C6 and C10), (C10 and C14), or (C14 and C20) for petroleum fractions of molecular weight higher than 70 and lower than 300. Validity and accuracy of this equation have been confirmed by comparing the obtained results of this equation with experimental data. In contrast to other correlations that require so many specific parameters for oil viscosity prediction, this type of equation requires only molecular weight and true boiling point. The results obtained in this work are in agreement with... 

    A fully explicit three-step SPH algorithm for simulation of non-Newtonian fluid flow

    , Article International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow ; Volume 17, Issue 7 , 2007 , Pages 715-735 ; 09615539 (ISSN) Hosseini, S. M ; Taghizadeh Manzari, M ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Purpose - This paper sets out to present a fully explicit smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method to solve non-Newtonian fluid flow problems. Design/methodology/approach - The governing equations are momentum equations along with the continuity equation which are described in a Lagrangian framework. A new treatment similar to that used in Eulerian formulations is applied to viscous terms, which facilitates the implementation of various inelastic non-Newtonian models. This approach utilizes the exact forms of the shear strain rate tensor and its second principal invariant to calculate the shear stress tensor. Three constitutive laws including power-law, Bingham-plastic and... 

    Designing Drilling Mud Using Environmental Resistant Polymers and Investigation of Rheological Properties and Stability to Achieve Optimal Formulation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soleimanian, Alireza (Author) ; Ramezani, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Goodarznia, Iraj (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this project is to design a water-based drilling fluid for use in high-pressure and high-pressure conditions (Deep Drilling). This goal is usually achieved by adding the resistant polymers to the ambient conditions (temperature stability) to the drilling fluid (here the blue base fluid), and then the rheological properties of the fluid are studied. The stability of the rheological properties of the fluid in high temperature and high pressure conditions is not constant. In this situation, a sequence of events occurs, for example, decreases with increasing viscosity and turbulence, and hence the reduction of drilling fractures and the efficiency of the bottom of the well is... 

    Viscosity prediction of ternary mixtures containing ILs using multi-layer perceptron artificial neural network

    , Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 326 , 2012 , Pages 15-20 ; 03783812 (ISSN) Lashkarblooki, M ; Hezave, A. Z ; Al Ajmi, A. M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    Ionic liquids (ILs) have been considered as a good candidate to be replaced by the conventional solvent in recent years due to their potential consumptions and unique properties. In the present study, artificial neural network was used to predict the ternary viscosity of mixtures containing ILs. A collection of 729 experimental data points were gathered from the previously public shed literatures. Different topologies of a multilayer feed forward artificial neural network (MFFANN) were examined and optimum architecture was determined. Ternary viscosity data from the literature for 5 ILs with 547 data points have been used to train the network. In addition, to differentiate dissimilar... 

    Experimental study of nanoparticle-surfactant-stabilized CO2 foam: Stability and mobility control

    , Article Chemical Engineering Research and Design ; Volume 111 , 2016 , Pages 449-460 ; 02638762 (ISSN) Farhadi, H ; Riahi, S ; Ayatollahi, S ; Ahmadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Chemical Engineers  2016
    CO2 injection has proved to be the most common and efficient enhanced oil recovery techniques which leads to more residual oil recovery. Unfavorable sweep efficiency which results in fingering propagation and causes early gas breakthrough is the most challenging issue of gas flooding process. The aim of this work is to study foam stability and analyze the mobility of CO2 foam stabilized by mixture of raw silica nanoparticles and ethyl hexadecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide (cationic surfactant). The result is obtained through both dynamic and static techniques using a new adsorption index.NPS-stabilized foams are generated using Ross-Miles method. A novel index for the adsorption of surfactant... 

    Effect of mineral fillers on the performance, rheological and dynamic viscosity measurements of asphalt mastic

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 222 , 2019 , Pages 390-399 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Naveed, H ; ur Rehman, Z ; Hassan Khan, A ; Qamar, S ; Niaz Akhtar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    The principal objective involved in this research is to explore the mechanical behaviour of the binder using different mineral fillers such as stone dust (SD), brick dust (BD) and fly ash Class F (FA). Currently, a large quantity of roads is being constructed under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project. It is a major concern for quality of road to with stand heavy loads. For the investigation of the quality of roads, it is mandatory to evaluate the behaviour of mineral fillers addition in asphalt mastic. Fatigue cracking, thermal cracking and permanent deformation have been found a major common distress in the construction of road networks. In this study, the behaviour of... 

    Application of sustainable saffron purple petals as an eco-friendly green additive for drilling fluids: A rheological, filtration, morphological, and corrosion inhibition study

    , Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 315 , 2020 Ghaderi, S ; Haddadi, S. A ; Davoodi, S ; Arjmand, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    In this study, effects of dried saffron purple petals (SPP) powder were examined on the rheological, fluid loss, and corrosion inhibition properties of bentonite-based drilling fluids. Drilling fluids containing different amounts of the SPP powder were prepared and their rheological behavior was investigated via the rotary viscometry and rheometric mechanical spectroscopy (RMS). Rotary viscometer results were fitted with Power-law, Bingham plastic, and Herschel-Bulkley models and the obtained data were compared with that of the base mud. All models fitted the rotary viscometer data with the determination coefficients higher than 0.93. The presence of 3 wt% of the SSP in the fluid... 

    On the viscosity of composite suspensions of aluminum and ammonium perchlorate particles dispersed in hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene-New empirical model

    , Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 299, Issue 2 , 2006 , Pages 962-971 ; 00219797 (ISSN) Arefinia, R ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The rheological properties of fuel suspensions with various solid loadings up to close their maximum packing fraction and suspending media having different viscosities are investigated using the rotational viscometer at relatively low shear rates in which suspensions behave as Newtonian fluids. Aluminum (Al) and ammonium perchlorate (AP) particles are major solid components of any solid fuel system which should be distributed uniformly inside a polymeric binder based on hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene (HTPB). The experimental data generated in this investigation indicates that the relative viscosity of the suspensions is independent of viscosity of polymer binder, but in addition to solid...