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    Fast and ultra-sensitive voltammetric detection of lead ions by two-dimensional graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) nanolayers as glassy carbon electrode modifier

    , Article Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation ; Volume 134 , 2019 , Pages 679-687 ; 02632241 (ISSN) Hatamie, A ; Jalilian, P ; Rezvani, E ; Kakavand, A ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Recently, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has attracted great interest for photo(electro)chemical applications such as sensing, solar energy exploitation, photocatalysis, and hydrogen generation. This paper presents the potential application and benefits of g-C3N4 nanolayers as a green and highly efficient electrode modifier for the detection of trace lead ions in drinking water and urban dust samples. Carbon nitride nanosheets with a thickness of ∼6 A° and lateral of 100–150 nm were prepared through high-temperature polymerization of melamine followed by sonication-assisted liquid exfoliation. A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified by a thin layer of g-C3N4 through drop casting and... 

    Sensitive voltammetric detection of melatonin in pharmaceutical products by highly conductive porous graphene-gold composites

    , Article ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering ; 2020 Rahmati, R ; Hemmati, A ; Mohammadi, R ; Hatamie, A ; Tamjid, E ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2020
    This work presents a novel melatonin sensor based on unfunctionalized macroporous graphene networks decorated with gold nanoparticles for the differential pulse voltammetric detection of melatonin in pharmaceutical products. Highly porous graphene structures were prepared by metallic template-assisted chemical vapor deposition, and their active surface area and electrocatalytic activity were improved by electrochemical deposition of gold nanoparticles (50-250 nm) on their struts. The graphene-gold electrodes present a highly sensitive performance toward electro-oxidation of melatonin with a wide linear range of 0.05-50 μM, a low detection limit of 0.0082 μM (3σ/m), and a significant... 

    Fabrication of sensitive glutamate biosensor based on vertically aligned CNT nanoelectrode array and investigating the effect of CNTs density on the electrode performance

    , Article Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 84, Issue 14 , June , 2012 , Pages 5932-5938 ; 00032700 (ISSN) Gholizadeh, A ; Shahrokhian, S ; Iraji Zad, A ; Mohajerzadeh, S ; Vosoughi, M ; Darbari, S ; Koohsorkhi, J ; Mehran, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this report, the fabrication of vertically aligned carbon nanotube nanoelectrode array (VACNT-NEA) by photolithography method is presented. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as well as cyclic voltammetry was performed to characterize the arrays with respect to different diffusion regimes. The fabricated array illustrated sigmoidal cyclic voltammogram with steady state current dominated by radial diffusion. The fabricated VACNT-NEA and high density VACNTs were employed as electrochemical glutamate biosensors. Glutamate dehydrogenase is covalently attached to the tip of CNTs. The voltammetric biosensor, based on high density VACNTs, exhibits a sensitivity of 0.976 mA mM-1 cm-2 in the... 

    Electrochemical preparation of over-oxidized polypyrrole/multi-walled carbon nanotube composite on glassy carbon electrode and its application in epinephrine determination

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 57, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 132-138 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A composite film constructed of surfactant doped over-oxidized polypyrrole and multi-walled carbon nanotube was prepared on the surface of glassy carbon electrode by the electro-polymerization method. Surface characterization of the modified electrode was performed by scanning electron microscopy, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectrometry. The investigations have been proved that the over-oxidation of the modifier film resulted in a porous thin layer that improves the interlayer diffusion mechanism for the electroactive species. On the other hand, the negative charge density on the surface of the electrode excludes the negative analytes (e.g. ascorbate and Fe(CN)63?/4?)... 

    Mediator-less highly sensitive voltammetric detection of glutamate using glutamate dehydrogenase/vertically aligned CNTs grown on silicon substrate

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 31, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 110-115 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Gholizadeh, A ; Shahrokhian, S ; Iraji zad, A ; Mohajerzadeh, S ; Vosoughi, M ; Darbari, S ; Sanaee, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    A sensitive glutamate biosensor is prepared based on glutamate dehydrogenase/vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (GLDH, VACNTs). Vertically aligned carbon nanotubes were grown on a silicon substrate by direct current plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (DC-PECVD) method. The electrochemical behavior of the synthesized VACNTs was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic methods. Glutamate dehydrogenase covalently attached on tip of VACNTs. The electrochemical performance of the electrode for detection of glutamate was investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry. Differential pulse voltammetric determinations of glutamate are performed...