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    An equivalent von Mises stress and corresponding equivalent plastic strain for elastic–plastic ordinary peridynamics

    , Article Meccanica ; Volume 54, Issue 7 , 2019 , Pages 1001-1014 ; 00256455 (ISSN) Asgari, M ; Kouchakzadeh, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Netherlands  2019
    Simple formulas for calculating equivalent von Mises stress and von Mises effective plastic strain in an elastic–plastic ordinary peridynamic analysis are proposed. The equivalent von Mises stress is calculated by equating the deviatoric part of strain energy obtained from classical continuum mechanics and peridynamics. The effective plastic strain is proposed so that it reduced to uniaxial plastic strain in uniaxial tension test. Two example problems of the plate with a hole and a central crack under tension are considered to verify the validity of the proposed formulas. The plots of von Mises stress, equivalent plastic strain, plastic zone area and horizontal and vertical displacements are... 

    Fluid-structure interaction simulation of blood flow and cerebral aneurysm: effect of partly blocked vessel

    , Article Journal of Vascular Research ; Volume 56, Issue 6 , 2019 , Pages 296-307 ; 10181172 (ISSN) Saeedi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Mohammadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    S. Karger AG  2019
    In this study, using fluid-structure interaction (FSI), 3-dimensional blood flow in an aneurysm in the circle of Willis-which is located in the middle cerebral artery (MCA)-has been simulated. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a partly blocked vessel on an aneurysm. To achieve this purpose, two cases have been investigated using the FSI method: in the first case, an ideal geometry of aneurysm in the MCA has been simulated; in the second case, modeling is performed for an ideal geometry of the aneurysm in the MCA with a partly blocked vessel. All boundary conditions, properties and modeling methods were considered the same for both cases. The only difference between the... 

    Biomechanical response of intact, degenerated and repaired intervertebral discs under impact loading – Ex-vivo and In-Silico investigation

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 70 , March , 2018 , Pages 26-32 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Nikkhoo, M ; Wang, J. L ; Parnianpour, M ; El-Rich, M ; Khalaf, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Understanding the effect of impact loading on the mechanical response of the intervertebral disc (IVD) is valuable for investigating injury mechanisms and devising effective therapeutic modalities. This study used 24 porcine thoracic motion segments to characterize the mechanical response of intact (N = 8), degenerated (Trypsin-denatured, N = 8), and repaired (Genepin-treated, N = 8) IVDs subject to impact loading. A meta-model analysis of poroelastic finite element simulations was used in combination with ex-vivo creep and impact tests to extract the material properties. Forward analyses using updated specimen-specific FE models were performed to evaluate the effect of impact duration. The...