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    Numerical study of species separation in rarefied gas mixture flow through micronozzles using DSMC

    , Article Physics of Fluids ; Volume 31, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 10706631 (ISSN) Sabouri, M ; Darbandi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Physics Inc  2019
    Abstract
    This work investigates the species separation in the rarefied flow of the argon-helium mixture through convergent-divergent micronozzles. Imposing a molecular mass ratio in the order of 10, the flow of this mixture can lead to the formation of serious nonhomogeneous phenomena such as the species separation. This study is performed in the ranges of 2.0-4.0 for the geometrical expansion ratio, 200-400 K for the wall temperature, and 0.003-1.454 for the inlet Knudsen number. The effects of these parameters are examined on the separative performances of micronozzle. The direct simulation Monte Carlo method is selected as the solution method because it can provide reliable solutions in the... 

    Analysis of fluid flow and heat transfer in microchannels using combined pressure gradient and electroosmotic pumping

    , Article 3rd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels, ICMM2005, Toronto, ON, 13 June 2005 through 15 June 2005 ; Volume PART A , 2005 , Pages 503-510 ; 0791841855 (ISBN) Monazarami, R ; Zade, A. Q ; Manzari, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    2005
    Abstract
    A numerical model has been developed for studying the flow and heat transfer characteristics of single phase liquid flow through a microchannel. In this work the heat transfer characteristics of pressure driven and electroosmotic flow through microchannels have been studied. The governing equations are the Poisson-Boltzmann and Navier-Stokes equations which have been solved numerically using the standard Galerkin and the Mixed 4-1 finite element methods, respectively. Finally the energy equation is solved numerically using the Stream-wise Upwind Petrov Galerkin (SUPG) method. Two dimensional Poisson-Boltzmann equation was first solved to find the electric potential field and net charge... 

    Temperature rise in electroosmotic flow of typical non-newtonian biofluids through rectangular microchannels

    , Article Journal of Heat Transfer ; Volume 136, Issue 3 , March , 2014 ; ISSN: 00221481 Yavari, H ; Sadeghi, A ; Saidi, M. H ; Chakraborty, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Electroosmosis is the main mechanism for flow generation in lab-on-a-chip (LOC) devices. The temperature rise due to the Joule heating phenomenon, associated with the electroosmosis, may be detrimental for samples being considered in LOCs. Hence, a complete understanding of the heat transfer physics associated with the electroosmotic flow is of high importance in design and active control of LOCs. The objective of the present study is to estimate the temperature rise and the thermal entry length in electroosmotic flow through rectangular microchannels, having potential applications in LOC devices. Along this line, the power-law rheological model is used to account for non-Newtonian behavior... 

    Mixed pressure and AC electroosmotically driven flow with asymmetric wall zeta potential and hydrophobic surfaces

    , Article ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. Collocated with the ASME 2013 7th Int. Conf. on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2013 11th Int. Conf. on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, HT 2013 ; Volume 1 , 2013 ; 9780791855478 (ISBN) Lesani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The present study examines Alternating Current (AC) electroosmotic flows in a parallel plate microchannel subject to constant wall temperature. Numerical method consists of a central finite difference scheme for spatial terms and a forward difference scheme for the temporal term. Asymmetric boundary conditions are assumed for Poison-Boltzmann equation for determining the electric double layer (EDL) potential distribution. The potential distribution is then used to evaluate the velocity distribution. The velocity distribution is obtained by applying slip boundary conditions on the walls which accounts for probable hydrophobicity of surfaces. After determining the velocity distribution... 

    Using the direct simulation Monte Carlo method to study the effect of wall temperature variation on gas mixing evolution through micro T-mixers

    , Article 11th International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference ; 2013 Darbandi, M ; Sabouri, M ; Lekzian, E ; Schneider, G. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this work, we study the gas mixing behavior in a micro T-mixer using the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method. The gas mixing process is monitored through a T-mixer, which is fed by two different CO and N2 gases; flowing into the T-mixer through the upper and lower inlets. We investigate the effects of axial and lateral wall temperature gradients on the mixing evolution at different rarefaction levels. The achieved results show that any temperature difference between the channel walls would result in an increase in mixing length for the chosen wall temperature gradient ranges and the studies pressure cases. Our observations show that a positive temperature gradient toward the... 

    Graetz problem extended to mixed electroosmotically and pressure-driven flow

    , Article Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer ; Volume 26, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 123-133 ; 08878722 (ISSN) Sadeghi, A ; Veisi, H ; Saidi, M. H ; Chakraborty, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Thermally developing mixed electroosmotically and pressure-driven flow in a parallel plate microchannel with a step change in wall temperature is considered in the framework of an extended Graetz problem. Both Joule heating and viscous dissipation effects are taken into consideration. Expressions for the dimensionless temperature and Nusselt number in the form of infinite series are presented. In general, the associated eigenvalue problem is solved numerically. Nevertheless, an analytical solution is also presented for axial locations close to the entrance. Comparisons are made between the present results and those obtained by approximating the electroosmotic velocity with the... 

    Exhaust soot investigation in a JP combustor working at various wall temperatures

    , Article AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2018, 8 January 2018 through 12 January 2018 ; Issue 210059 , 2018 ; 9781624105241 (ISBN) Schneider, G. E ; Ghafourizadeh, M ; Darbandi, M ; Saidi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA  2018
    Abstract
    In this study, a jet propulsion JP combustor is studied numerically to investigate the combustor wall temperature influences on the soot characteristics emitted at its exhaust. There are a number of ways to control the combustor wall temperatures benefiting from different wall cooling technologies. Irrespective of using different high technology cooling systems, it is important to recognize how the wall temperature can affect the soot emission from one specific JP engine. Before examining the main combustor, it is important to assess the accuracy of the computational fluids dynamics (CFD) tool via solving a benchmark problem. In this regard, the predicted flame structure for the benchmark... 

    Analytical solution of temperature field in micro-Poiseiulle flow with constant wall temperature

    , Article 6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008, Darmstadt, 23 June 2008 through 25 June 2008 ; Issue PART B , 2008 , Pages 1371-1379 ; 0791848345 (ISBN); 9780791848340 (ISBN) Darbandi, M ; Safari Mohsenabad, S ; Vakilipour, S ; ASME ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The analytical study of microchannels has been considered as a preliminary approach to alleviate the difficulties which are normally encountered in numerical and experimental studies. Among the analytical solutions, those with high robustness and low complexities are certainly more attractive. In this work, we present a theoretical approach to predict the temperature field in micro-Poiseuille channel flow with constant wall temperature. The use of power series method simplifies the solution in the current analytical approach. The current analytical derivations are examined for channels with both hot-wall and cold-wall conditions. The current solutions agree well with the numerical solutions... 

    Modeling and control of a naphtha thermal cracking pilot plant

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 45, Issue 10 , 2006 , Pages 3574-3582 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Masoumi, M ; Shahrokhi, M ; Sadrameli, M ; Towfighi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    A computer-controlled pilot plant has been constructed to study the dynamical behavior and control of the thermal cracking furnace. The governing equations that describe the furnace dynamics are presented, and, based on these equations and a kinetic model, software that simulates the steady-state behavior of the system has been developed. The furnace is divided into eight zones that can be heated independently, and, therefore, any desired temperature profile can be applied. The variables to be measured are the furnace zone temperature, coil outlet temperature (COT), and product yield. Two different control strategies (namely, COT control and furnace wall temperature control) are applied... 

    CFD-aided simulation of frost growth inside a narrow duct with uniform wall temperature variation

    , Article ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM 2014, Collocated with the ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting ; 2014 ; ISBN: 9780791846278 Darbandi, M ; Asgari, E ; Hajikaram, M ; Schneider, G. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this paper, we study the frost formation and growth at the walls of a duct with uniform wall temperature variation. The simulation is performed for laminar flow regime considering suitable semi-empirical models incorporated with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method. The frost growth is considered to be normal to the duct surface. Since the duct aspect ratio is high, we perform our simulations in two-dimensional zones. To simulate the frost layer properly, we solve both the energy and mass balance equations implementing some semi-empirical correlations on the frost side. At this stage, we suitably predict the required heat flux value at the solid boundary and the heat transfer... 

    Analysis of nanofluid heat transfer in parallel-plate vertical channels partially filled with porous medium

    , Article International Journal of Thermal Sciences ; Volume 55 , 2012 , Pages 103-113 ; 12900729 (ISSN) Hajipour, M ; Molaei Dehkordi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this article, mixed-convective heat transfer of nanofluids in a vertical channel partially filled with highly porous medium was studied. In the porous region, the Brinkman-Forchheimer extended Darcy model was used to describe the fluid flow pattern. Different viscous dissipation models were also applied to account for viscous heating. At the porous medium-fluid interface, interfacial coupling conditions for the fluid velocity and temperature were used to derive the analytical solution using a two-parameter perturbation method. The model used for the nanofluids incorporates the effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis. With constant wall temperature, velocity and temperature profiles... 

    Numerical modeling of incline plate LiBr absorber

    , Article Heat and Mass Transfer/Waerme- und Stoffuebertragung ; Volume 47, Issue 3 , November , 2011 , Pages 259-267 ; 09477411 (ISSN) Karami, S ; Farhanieh, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Among major components of LiBr-H 2O absorption chillers is the absorber, which has a direct effect on the chillier size and whose characteristics have significant effects on the overall efficiency of absorption machines. In this article, heat and mass transfer process in absorption of refrigerant vapor into a lithium bromide solution of water-cooled incline plate absorber in the Reynolds number range of 5

    Numerical simulation of confined nano-impinging jet in microscale cooling application using DSMC method

    , Article ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010, 1 August 2010 through 5 August 2010, Montreal, QC ; Issue PARTS A AND B , 2010 , Pages 359-366 ; 9780791854501 (ISBN) Darbandi, M ; Akhlaghi, H ; Karchani, A ; Schneider, G. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In this study, we simulate rarefied gas flow through a confined nano-impinging jet using direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method. The effects of geometrical parameters, pressure ratio, and wall conditions on the heat transfer from a hot surface are examined. Hot surface modeled via diffusive constant wall temperature. Various inlet/confining surface conditions such as specular, adiabatic, and constant temperature are implemented and the effects of them on the wall heat flux rates are studied. The results show that Knudsen number, velocity slip, and temperature jump are main reasons which specify magnitudes of wall heat flux rates. Among all geometrical parameters, H/W ratio has the... 

    A numerical study on the absorption of water vapor into a film of aqueous LiBr falling along a vertical plate

    , Article Heat and Mass Transfer/Waerme- und Stoffuebertragung ; Volume 46, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 197-207 ; 09477411 (ISSN) Karami, S ; Farhanieh, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Absorber is an important component in absorption machines and its characteristics have significant effects on the overall efficiency of absorption machines. This article reports a model of simultaneous heat and mass transfer process in absorption of refrigerant vapor into a lithium bromide solution of water - cooled vertical plate absorber in the Reynolds number range of 5 < Re < 150. The boundary layer assumptions were used for the transport of mass, momentum and energy equations and the fully implicit finite difference method was employed to solve the governing equations in the film flow. Dependence of lithium bromide aqueous properties to the temperature and concentration and film... 

    Convective-heat transfer of magnetic-sensitive nanofluids in the presence of rotating magnetic field

    , Article Applied Thermal Engineering ; Volume 116 , 2017 , Pages 329-343 ; 13594311 (ISSN) Fadaei, F ; Molaei Dehkordi, A ; Shahrokhi, M ; Abbasi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Abstract
    In this work, forced-convection heat transfer of magnetic-sensitive nanofluids has been investigated in the presence of rotating magnetic field. In this regard, the laminar, Newtonian, incompressible, and two-dimensional (2D) fluid flow in a horizontal duct subject to constant wall temperature boundary condition was modeled. Moreover, the fluid was supposed to be non-electrical conductive and the magnetic field source comprised of two time varying components perpendicular to each other. Influences of magnetic field intensity and frequency, inlet fluid velocity, and spin viscosity on the forced-convection heat transfer of the magnetic nanofluids were investigated. It was found that the... 

    Direct simulation Monte Carlo solution of subsonic flow through micro/nanoscale channels

    , Article Journal of Heat Transfer ; Volume 131, Issue 9 , 2009 , Pages 1-8 ; 00221481 (ISSN) Roohi, E ; Darbandi, M ; Mirjalili, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    We use a direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method to simulate gas heating/cooling and choked subsonic flows in micro/nanoscale channels subject to either constant wall temperature or constant/variable heat flux boundary conditions. We show the effects of applying various boundary conditions on the mass flow rate and the flow parameters. We also show that it is necessary to add a buffer zone at the end of the channel if we wish to simulate more realistic conditions at the channel outlet. We also discuss why applying equilibrium-based Maxwellian distribution on molecules coming from the channel outlet, where the flow is nonequilibrium, will not disturb the DSMC solution. The current... 

    Numerical investigation of turbulent Cu-water nanofluid in heat exchanger tube equipped with perforated conical rings

    , Article Advanced Powder Technology ; Volume 30, Issue 7 , 2019 , Pages 1338-1347 ; 09218831 (ISSN) Nakhchi, M. E ; Esfahani, J. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Numerical analysis of the nanofluid flow characteristics of perforated conical rings in a heat exchanger tube has been investigated under constant wall temperature condition. The pitch ratio of the perforated conical rings is 4 and the number of holes is varied from 0 (typical conical ring) to 10. The flow regime is fully turbulent with the Reynolds number is varied from 5000 to 14,000 and Cu-water nanofluid 0<ϕ<1.5% is selected as the working fluid. The main novelty of this paper is to perform a 3D simulation of this problem because some previous studies using similar geometry were restricted to experimental analysis. The Reynolds averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations are solved with the... 

    A novel energy storage system for latent heat recovery in solar still using phase change material and pulsating heat pipe

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 163 , 2021 , Pages 2115-2127 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Khalilmoghadam, P ; Rajabi Ghahnavieh, A ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    In this study, a latent heat storage unit and built-in condenser were integrated with a solar still. Storage of dissipated latent heat of vapor during the day and using it after sunset prolongs system operation. During the day, the entire solar radiation was consumed to heat the saline water and only the heat coming from the condensation of vapor was stored in the phase change material (PCM). The dissipated heat from the condenser body was transferred to the PCM and stored. Additionally, the existence of PCM on the outer surfaces of the condenser prevented the rise of condenser wall temperature during the day and kept the condenser temperature low. After sunset, the heat stored in the PCM... 

    A simplified analytical model for predicting the heating performance of single U-tube underground heat exchangers

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 28, Issue 2 B , 2021 , Pages 847-859 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Mohammadian Korouyeh, M ; Saidi, M. H ; Naja, M ; Aghanaja, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2021
    Abstract
    To ensure an optimized borehole in terms of heat capacity and cost-effectiveness, it is necessary to predict the heating performance of underground U-tube heat exchangers (boreholes) so that proper parameters such as length, diameter, material, etc. can be designed and selected. To this end, employing reliable equations is essential to predicting the heating performance of a borehole and also, to resolving the design issues. In this study, a single vertical U-tube borehole with a constant wall temperature is considered and analytical equations for temperature distribution in the surrounding ground around the borehole are evaluated based on one- and two-dimensional heat conduction,... 

    Variational formulation on Joule heating in combined electroosmotic and pressure driven microflows

    , Article International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 61, Issue 1 , June , 2013 , Pages 254-265 ; 00179310 (ISSN) Sadeghi, A ; Saidi, M. H ; Waezi, Z ; Chakraborty, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The present study attempts to analyze the extended Graetz problem in combined electroosmotic and pressure driven flows in rectangular microchannels, by employing a variational formulation. Both the Joule heating and axial conduction effects are taken into consideration. Since assuming a uniform inlet temperature profile is not consistent with the existence of these effects, a step change in wall temperature is considered to represent physically conceivable thermal entrance conditions. The method of analysis considered here is primarily analytical, in which series solutions are presented for the electrical potential, velocity, and temperature. For general treatment of the eigenvalue problem...