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    Simultaneous analytical solution of the complete system of double-inlet pulse tube refrigerator

    , Article Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer ; Volume 26, Issue 2 , 2012 , Pages 337-344 ; 08878722 (ISSN) Ghahremani, A. R ; Saidi, M. H ; Ebrahimian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Double-inlet pulse tube refrigerators are one of the most common types of cryocoolers. There are several advantages of double-inlet pulse tube refrigerators, such as not having moving parts, reliability, and long life. Double-inlet pulse tube refrigerators have been used in several applications such as cooling the semiconductors, infrared sensors, and astronomical detectors. In the recent decade, several research efforts have been performed to investigate double-inlet pulse tube refrigerators. Generally, most of them are experimental or numerical, and the recent literature survey shows there is not an analytical solution for the complete system of a double-inlet pulse tube refrigerator,... 

    Online small signal stability analysis of multi-machine systems based on synchronized phasor measurements

    , Article Electric Power Systems Research ; Volume 81, Issue 10 , October , 2011 , Pages 1887-1896 ; 03787796 (ISSN) Mohammadi Ivatloo, B ; Shiroei, M ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    This paper presents a novel approach for small signal stability assessment of a multi-machine system using only synchronized Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) data. The proposed method does not need any information about the generators, network configuration or line impedances. By installing one PMU on each generator bus and using classical model for generator, all of the network and generators parameters needed for small signal stability analysis are estimated using the ambient data registered in the PMUs. Least square error estimation is used to obtain a reduced admittance matrix for the network in real-time. The estimated model is then used to evaluate the multi machine system dynamics in... 

    Effect of pressure wave generator characteristics on pulse tube cryocooler performance

    , Article 2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2008, Boston, MA, 31 October 2008 through 6 November 2008 ; Volume 10, Issue PART C , 2009 , Pages 1649-1654 ; 9780791848715 (ISBN) Jafarian, A ; Sarikhani, N ; Saidi, M. H ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Recent developments of superconductive industry require cryocoolers with cooling power higher than one Watt in the 70-80 K temperature range. High capacity pulse tube cryocoolers assure the cooling power required for operation of superconducting devices. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of the pressure wave generator on high capacity pulse tube cryocooler performance. In this respect the hydrodynamic and thermal behavior of the cryocooler is explained by applying the mass and energy balance equations to different components of the cryocooler cycle. A linear temperature profile is assumed in the regenerator and nodal analysis technique is employed to simulate the tube... 

    Free water surface oscillations in a closed rectangular basin with internal barriers

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 15, Issue 3 , Volume 15, Issue 3 , 2008 , Pages 315-322 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Kabiri Samani, A. R ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2008
    Abstract
    Thee enclosed basin has certain natural frequencies of seiche, depending on the geometry of the water boundaries and the bathymetry of water depths. Therefore, the variation in the water surface at a point becomes irregular, as caused by the combination of several natural frequencies, which may be considered as the superposition of sinusoidal frequency components of different amplitude. This paper is mainly concerned with the motion of an incompressible irrotational fluid in a closed rectangular basin with internal impervious barriers. An analytical solution is presented for predicting the characteristic of generated waves in these types of basin. The equations of free water surface... 

    Endurance wave analysis (EWA) and its application for assessment of offshore structures under extreme waves

    , Article Applied Ocean Research ; Volume 37 , 2012 , Pages 98-110 ; 01411187 (ISSN) Zeinoddini, M ; Matin Nikoo, H ; Estekanchi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to introduce a novel approach, called Endurance Wave Analysis (EWA), for non-linear dynamic analysis and assessment of offshore structures subjected to irregular wave forces. This is, in fact, an extension of the Endurance Time Analysis (ETA) already presented by previous researchers for the seismic assessment of onshore structures. With the EWA method, the offshore structure is simulated under a predefined Intensifying Wave Train Function (IWTF), corresponding to a gradually deteriorating sea state at a specific site. The function is designed so that the roughness of the sea state represented by them increases over the time and even goes well beyond the design sea... 

    Proposal of a new design for valveless micropumps

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 18, Issue 6 , December , 2011 , Pages 1261-1266 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Afrasiab, H ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Assempour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A new design for a valveless micropumping device has been proposed that integrates two existing pumping technologies, namely, the wall induced traveling wave and the obstacle-type valveless micropump. The liquid in the microchannel is transported by generating a traveling wave on the channel, while the placing of two asymmetric trapezoid obstacles, along the centerline of the channel inlet and outlet, leads to a significant (up to seven times) increase of the net flow rate of the device. The effectiveness of this innovative design has been proved through a verified three-dimensional finite element model. FluidStructure Interaction (FSI) analysis is performed in the framework of an Arbitrary... 

    Performance analysis and optimization of high capacity pulse tube refrigerator

    , Article Cryogenics ; Volume 51, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 173-179 ; 00112275 (ISSN) Ghahremani, A. R ; Saidi, M. H ; Jahanbakhshi, R ; Roshanghalb, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    High capacity pulse tube refrigerator (HCPTR) is a new generation of cryocoolers tailored to provide more than 250 W of cooling power at cryogenic temperatures. The most important characteristics of HCPTR when compared to other types of pulse tube refrigerators are a powerful pressure wave generator, and an accurate design. In this paper the influence of geometrical and operating parameters on the performance of a double inlet pulse tube refrigerator (DIPTR) is studied. The model is validated with the existing experimental data. As a result of this optimization, a new configuration of HCPTR is proposed. This configuration provides 335 W at 80 K cold end temperature with a frequency of 50 Hz... 

    Performance analysis and optimization of high capacity pulse tube refrigerator

    , Article ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2010, 12 July 2010 through 14 July 2010 ; Volume 1 , 2010 , Pages 257-263 ; 9780791849156 (ISBN) Ghahremani, A. R ; Roshanghalb, F ; Jahanbakhshi, R ; Saidi, M. H ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    High capacity pulse tube refrigerator (HCPTR) is a new generation of cryocoolers tailored to provide more than 250 W of cooling power at cryogenic temperatures. The most important characteristics of HCPTR when compared with other types of pulse tube refrigerators are a powerful pressure wave generator, and an accurate design. In this paper the influence of geometrical and operating parameters on the performance of a double inlet pulse tube refrigerator (DIPTR) is studied. The DIPTR is modeled applying the nodal analysis technique, using mass, momentum and energy conservation equations. The model is able to compute instantaneous flow field throughout the system and calculate cooling capacity... 

    Influence of channel shape on wave-generated parameters by a pressure source in shallow water

    , Article Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering ; Volume 143, Issue 5 , 2017 ; 0733950X (ISSN) Javanmardi, M ; Binns, J ; Renilson, M ; Thomas, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The present work is a numerical investigation into the waves generated by a pressure source moving in straight channels with a nonrectangular cross-channel depth profile. Wave fields generated by the moving pressure source are described, and the effects of channel bathymetry on the generated wave characteristics of wave height, wave-breaking location, wave-breaking type and intensity, and peel angle are presented. Four different channel cross-section shapes were investigated, and the results were analyzed. It was concluded that the maximum wave height depended primarily on pressure-source parameters and that the investigated channel shapes did not have a significant effect on the maximum... 

    A rigorous finite volume model to simulate subaerial and submarine landslide-generated waves

    , Article Landslides ; Volume 14, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 203-221 ; 1612510X (ISSN) Yavari Ramshe, S ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2017
    Abstract
    This paper presents a new landslide-generated wave (LGW) model based on incompressible Euler equations with Savage-Hutter assumptions. A two-layer model is developed including a layer of granular-type flow beneath a layer of an inviscid fluid. Landslide is modeled as a two-phase Coulomb mixture. A well-balanced second-order finite volume formulation is applied to solve the model equations. Wet/dry transitions are treated properly using a modified non-linear method. The numerical model is validated using two sets of experimental data on subaerial and submarine LGWs. Impulsive wave characteristics and landslide deformations are estimated with a computational error less than 5 %. Then, the... 

    An investigation into the effect of pressure source parameters and water depth on the wake wash wave generated by moving pressure source

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 25, Issue 4 , 2018 , Pages 2162-2174 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Javanmardi, M ; Binns, J ; Thomas, G ; Renilson, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2018
    Abstract
    In this study, the effect of moving pressure source and channel parameters on the generated waves in a channel was numerically investigated; draught, angle of attack, and profile shape as parameters of pressure source, and water depth and blockage factor as channel parameters for wave height. Firstly, the chosen Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) approach was validated with the experimental data over a range of speeds. Then, the CFD study was conducted for further investigations. It was shown that that by enlarging draught, angle of attack, and beam of the pressure source, the wave height generated would be increased. Channel study showed that it was possible to increase the wave height... 

    Numerical simulation of free-surface waves and wave induced separation

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 15, Issue 3 , 2008 , Pages 323-331 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Sadathosseini, S. H ; Mousaviraad, S. M ; Firoozabadi, B ; Ahmadi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2008
    Abstract
    The present study is concerned with the numerical simulation of free-surface waves and wave induced separation in the presence of an intrusion. The results of several simulations are reported. The first study was performed for a NACA0024 surface piercing hydrofoil over a range of several Froude numbers (0.19, 0.37, 0.55), along with wave breaking at Fr = 1.0 The NACA0024 foil was of particular interest, as it almost has no separation at large depths; thus the effect of the free-surface wave and the wave induced separation could be studied. Free- surface waves and wave induced separation results were evaluated and compared with both the available experimental data and the previous numerical... 

    Numerical simulation of wave generated by landslide incidents in dam reservoirs

    , Article Landslides ; Volume 8, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 417-432 ; 1612510X (ISSN) Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Yavari Ramshe, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In this work, a two-dimensional fourth-order Boussinesq-type numerical model is applied to estimate the impact of landslide-generated waves in dam reservoirs. This numerical model has recently been extended for simulating subaerial landslides. The extended model is validated using available three-dimensional experimental data, and a good agreement is obtained. The numerical model is then employed to investigate the impact of landslide-generated waves in two real cases, the Maku and Shafa-Roud dam reservoirs in the northwestern and the north of Iran, respectively. Generated wave heights, wave run-up, maximum wave height above dam crest, and dam overtopping volume have been estimated for each...