Search for: wistar-rat
0.005 seconds

    Stimulus-specific adaptation decreases the coupling of spikes to LFP phase

    , Article Frontiers in Neural Circuits ; Volume 13 , 2019 ; 16625110 (ISSN) Parto Dezfouli, M ; Zarei, M ; Jahed, M ; Daliri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Frontiers Media S.A  2019
    Stimulus repetition suppresses the neural activity in different sensory areas of the brain. This mechanism of so-called stimulus-specific adaptation (SSA) has been observed in both spiking activity and local field potential (LFP) responses. However, much remains to be known about the effect of SSA on the spike–LFP relation. In this study, we approached this issue by investigating the spike-phase coupling (SPC) in control and adapting paradigms. For the control paradigm, pure tones were presented in a random unbiased sequence. In the adapting paradigm, the same stimuli were presented in a random pattern but it was biased to an adapter stimulus. In fact, the adapter occupied 80% of the... 

    The role of hippo signaling pathway in physiological cardiac hypertrophy

    , Article BioImpacts ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 251-257 Gholipour, M ; Tabrizi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tabriz University of Medical Sciences  2020
    Introduction: The role of Hippo signaling pathway, which was identified by genetic studies as a key regulator for tissue growth and organ size, in promoting physiological cardiac hypertrophy has not been investigated. Methods: Fourteen male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the exercise and control groups. The exercise group ran 1 hour per day, 5 days/week, at about 65%-75% VO2max on the motor-driven treadmill with 15ºslope, and the control group ran 15 min/d, 2 days/ week at 9 m/min (0ºinclination), throughout the eight-week experimental period. Forty-eight hours after the last session, hearts were dissected and left ventricles were weighed and stored for subsequent RT-PCR analysis.... 

    Accelerated full-thickness wound healing via sustained bFGF delivery based on a PVA/chitosan/gelatin hydrogel incorporating PCL microspheres

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 537, Issue 1-2 , 2018 , Pages 278-289 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Sarmadi, M ; Aghababaie, Z ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Herein, a hybrid hydrogel/microsphere system is introduced for accelerated wound healing by sustained release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). The hydrogel is composed of a mixture of PVA, gelatin and chitosan. The double-emulsion-solvent-evaporation method was utilized to obtain microspheres composed of PCL, as the organic phase, and PVA, as the aqueous phase. Subsequently, various in-vitro and in-vivo assays were performed to characterize the system. BSA was used to optimize the release mechanism, and encapsulation efficiency in microspheres, where a combination of 3% (w/v) PCL and 1% (w/v) PVA was found to be the optimum microsphere sample. Incorporation of microspheres within... 

    A comparative study of wound dressings loaded with silver sulfadiazine and silver nanoparticles: In vitro and in vivo evaluation

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 564 , 2019 , Pages 350-358 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Mohseni, M ; Shamloo, A ; Aghababaie, Z ; Afjoul, H ; Abdi, S ; Moravvej, H ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    In the current study, two series of antimicrobial dressings conjugated with silver sulfadiazine (SSD) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were developed and evaluated for chronic wound healing. Highly porous polycaprolactone (PCL)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanofibers were loaded with different concentrations of SSD or AgNPs and compared comprehensively in vitro and in vivo. SSD and AgNPs indicated a strong and equal antimicrobial activity against S. aureus. However, SSD had more toxicity against fibroblast cells over one week in vitro culture. An in vivo model of wound healing on male Wistar rats was developed with a full thickness wound. All the wound dressings indicated enough flexibility and... 

    Rhythmic air-puff into nasal cavity modulates activity across multiple brain areas: A non-invasive brain stimulation method to reduce ventilator-induced memory impairment

    , Article Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology ; Volume 287 , 2021 ; 15699048 (ISSN) Ghazvineh, S ; Salimi, M ; Nazari, M ; Garousi, M ; Tabasi, F ; Dehdar, K ; Salimi, A ; Jamaati, H ; Mirnajafi Zadeh, J ; Arabzadeh, E ; Raoufy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Mechanical ventilation (MV) can result in long-term brain impairments that are resistant to treatment. The mechanisms underlying MV-induced brain function impairment remain unclear. Since nasal airflow modulates brain activity, here we evaluated whether reinstating airflow during MV could influence the memory performance of rats after recovery. Rats were allocated into two study groups: one group received rhythmic air-puff into the nasal cavity during MV and a control group that underwent ventilation without air-puff. During MV, air-puffs induced time-locked event potentials in OB, mPFC and vHPC and significantly increased the oscillatory activity at the air-puff frequency. Furthermore, in...