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    Investigation of Pb/PbS a positive Schottky junction formed on conductive glass in contact with alkaline solution

    , Article Journal of Applied Physics ; Vol. 116, issue. 3 , July , 2014 ; ISSN: 00218979 Heidaripour, A ; Jafarian, M ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Miandari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    PbS on Pb thin film (Pb/PbS) was deposited on conductive glass (CG) substrate (CG/Pb/PbS) using electrochemical techniques to investigate the Schottky junction in solution. The CG/Pb/PbS electrode was investigated by different techniques based on thermionic emission theory. Electrochemical cell consisted of the CG/Pb/PbS as a working electrode in an alkaline solution showed character of the Schottky junction. Reduction and oxidation of H2O on the CG/Pb/PbS electrode were enhanced under illumination. Water photo splitting is the main process. Study of linear sweep voltammetry at around open circuit potential (OCP) allowed proposing a model based on the Schottky junction which is charged at... 

    Enhanced light harvesting with a reflective luminescent down-shifting layer for dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 5, Issue 12 , 2013 , Pages 5397-5402 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Hosseini, Z ; Huang, W. K ; Tsai, C. M ; Chen, T. M ; Taghavinia, N ; Diau, E. W. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    For a dye-sensitized solar cell with a near-infrared squaraine (SQ1) sensitizer, the photovoltaic performance was enhanced remarkably with a reflective luminescent down-shifting (R-LDS) layer to increase the light-harvesting efficiency at the wavelength region 400-550 nm where the SQ1 dye has weak absorption. Relative enhancements greater than 200% in IPCE near 500 nm and 40-54% in JSC were achieved with red phosphor CaAlSiN 3:Eu2+ as the LDS material, attaining 5.0 and 4.8% overall efficiencies of power conversion for the R-LDS layer coated on the counter electrode (front illumination) and working electrode (back illumination), respectively  

    Mesoporous TiO2 microbead electrodes for cobalt-mediator-based dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Vol. 118, issue. 30 , July , 2014 , p. 16472-16478 ; ISSN: 19327447 Pazoki, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Hagfeldt, A ; Boschloo, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Light scattering, porosity, surface area, and morphology of TiO2 working electrode can affect the power conversion efficiency of dye -sensitized solar cells dramatically. Here mesoporous TiO2 microbeads were tested as working electrode in dye-sensitized solar cells based on cobalt tris-bipyridine electrolyte. Power conversion efficiencies up to 6.4% were obtained with D35 dye adsorbed onto the light-scattering microbeads. Electron transport, studied using small light perturbation methods, was found to be significantly faster in the microbead films than in standard mesoporous TiO 2 films. This was attributed to the favorable assembly of nanocrystals in the microbeads, which can increase the... 

    A new structure to increase the photostability of CdTe quantum dot sensitized solar cells

    , Article Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics ; Volume 44, Issue 4 , January , 2011 ; 00223727 (ISSN) Samadpour, M ; Iraji zad, A ; Taghavinia, N ; Molaei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper a new cell structure is introduced to reduce the rate of CdTe corrosion in quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs) using I -/I- 3 electrolyte. In this cell, one electrode is a titania nanorod that was sensitized with CdTe quantum dots as the working electrode. A thin gold layer is sputtered on the electrode to act as a protective layer against the I-/I- 3 corrosive electrolyte and to passivate the CdTe surface traps which are the main recombination centres in a QDSSC. In addition, a Schottky barrier formed at the interface of Au and CdTe prevents direct electron recombination from the CdTe conduction band with I- 3 ions. The mechanism of charge transfer and quantum dot... 

    Electrodeposition of Ni-WndashB nanocomposite from tartrate electrolyte as alternative to chromium plating

    , Article Surface Engineering ; Volume 25, Issue 5 , 2009 , Pages 382-388 ; 02670844 (ISSN) Hosseini, M. G ; Abdolmaleki, M ; Seyed Sadjadi, S. A ; Raghibi Boroujeni, M ; Arshadi, M. R ; Khoshvaght, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    The effect of the bath chemistry and operating conditions on the chemical composition, microstructure and properties of NiWmdashB alloys deposited from tartrate baths on working electrode was studied for the first time by the pulsed current method. The investigations included the measurement of the current efficiencies and determination of the tungsten content in the electrodeposits. UV spectrometry was used for characterisation of complex formation. The grain size of deposits was determined by XRD. Also, the morphology of the deposits was studied by SEM. Amorphous NimdashWB alloys were successfully obtained by electrodeposition from the tartrate bath. The corrosion behaviour of NiWmdashB... 

    Amperometric sulfide detection using Coprinus cinereus peroxidase immobilized on screen printed electrode in an enzyme inhibition based biosensor

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 35, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 297-301 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Savizi, I. S. P ; Kariminia, H. R ; Ghadiri, M ; Roosta Azad, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present work, an amperometric inhibition biosensor for the determination of sulfide has been fabricated by immobilizing Coprinus cinereus peroxidase (CIP) on the surface of screen printed electrode (SPE). Chitosan/acrylamide was applied for immobilization of peroxidase on the working electrode. The amperometric measurement was performed at an applied potential of -150. mV versus Ag/AgCl with a scan rate of 100. mV in the presence of hydroquinone as electron mediator and 0.1. M phosphate buffer solution of pH 6.5. The variables influencing the performance of sensor including the amount of substrate, mediator concentration and electrolyte pH were optimized. The determination of sulfide... 

    Voltammetric studies of sumatriptan on the surface of pyrolytic graphite electrode modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes decorated with silver nanoparticles

    , Article Talanta ; Volume 80, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 31-38 ; 00399140 (ISSN) Ghalkhani, M ; Shahrokhian, S ; Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multi-walled carbon nanotube decorated with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs-MWCNT) is used as an effective strategy for modification of the surface of pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE). This modification procedure improved colloidal dispersion of the decorated MWCNTs in water, affording uniform and stable thin films for altering the surface properties of the working electrode. Robust electrode for sensing applications is obtained in a simple solvent evaporation process. The electrochemical behavior of sumatriptan (Sum) at the bare PGE and AgNPs-MWCNT modified PGE is investigated. The results indicate that the AgNPs-MWCNT modified PGE significantly enhanced the oxidation peak current of Sum. A...