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    Rate-dependent behavior of connective tissue through a micromechanics-based hyper viscoelastic model

    , Article International Journal of Engineering Science ; Volume 121 , 2017 , Pages 91-107 ; 00207225 (ISSN) Fallah, A ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Mohammadi Aghdam, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a micromechanical study on rate-dependent behavior of connective tissues is performed. To this end, a hyper viscoelastic constitutive model consisting a hyperelastic part for modeling equilibrium response of tissues and a viscous part using a hereditary integral is proposed to capture the time-dependent behavior of the tissues. With regard to the hierarchical structure of the tissue, strain energy function are developed for modeling elastic response of the tissue constituents i.e. collagen fibers and ground matrix. The rate-dependency is incorporated into the model using a viscous element with rate-dependent relaxation time. The proposed constitutive model is implemented into... 

    Application of perturbation theory to elastic models of DNA

    , Article Proceedings of the 13th Regional Conference on Mathematical Physics, Antalya, Turkey ; October , 2013 , Pages 241-253 ; 9789814417525 (ISBN) Eslami-Mossallam, B ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we demonstrate the applicability of the perturbation methods to different elastic models of DNA molecule. Two different kinds of perturbation methods are presented to find a first approximation for the force-extension characteristic of DNA in the anisotropic wormlike chain model, and the persistence length of DNA in the asymmetric elastic rod model. In both cases we show that it is meaningful to use the perturbation theory, and a first-order calculation is enough to find the result with an acceptable accuracy  

    Extreme bendability of DNA double helix due to bending asymmetry

    , Article Journal of Chemical Physics ; Volume 143, Issue 10 , 2015 ; 00219606 (ISSN) Salari, H ; Eslami Mossallam, B ; Naderi, S ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Physics Inc  2015
    Experimental data of the DNA cyclization (J-factor) at short length scales exceed the theoretical expectation based on the wormlike chain (WLC) model by several orders of magnitude. Here, we propose that asymmetric bending rigidity of the double helix in the groove direction can be responsible for extreme bendability of DNA at short length scales and it also facilitates DNA loop formation at these lengths. To account for the bending asymmetry, we consider the asymmetric elastic rod (AER) model which has been introduced and parametrized in an earlier study [B. Eslami-Mossallam and M. R. Ejtehadi, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011919 (2009)]. Exploiting a coarse grained representation of the DNA molecule...