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    Thermochemical synthesis of CdS nanoparticles and investigation on luminescence properties

    , Article Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic, Metal-Organic and Nano-Metal Chemistry ; Volume 37, Issue 5 , 2007 , Pages 387-390 ; 15533174 (ISSN) Sedaghat, Z ; Taghavinia, N ; Rastegarzadeh, G ; Marandi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    CdS nanoparticles were synthesized by a thermochemical method by using Na2S2O3 and CdSO4 as the precursors and thioglycerol as the capping agent. We have investigated the effect of different temperatures on the size and crystalline phase of the CdS nanoparticles. The results of the optical spectroscopy and XRD analyses clarified that increasing the synthesis temperature increased the final nanoparticles size and also changed the crystalline phase of the particles from hexagonal to cubic phase. The size of the synthesized particles was less than 4nm. TEOS was also used in cooperation with thioglycerol for better surface passivation. The results of the PL analysis showed that using this... 

    Synthesis of tin oxide nanoparticles in order to study its properties

    , Article Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 41-49 ; 18423582 (ISSN) Shahzad, N ; Ali, N ; Shahid, A ; Khan, S ; Alrobei, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    S.C. Virtual Company of Phisics S.R.L  2021
    Abstract
    Pure tin oxide nanoparticles ware synthesized via Co-precipitation method. The as-synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). X-ray diffraction shows that tetrahedral shaped nanoparticles of crystallite size 47.35nm were prepared successfully. The crystallinity was established due the reduction in distortion ratio and dislocation density. The value of strain showed that the nanoparticles fabricated were of high stability. The direct and indirect optical band gap of as-synthesized SnO2 nanoparticles were determined from the reflectance... 

    Growth of ZNO nanostructures on porous silicon and oxidized porous silicon substrates

    , Article Brazilian Journal of Physics ; Volume 41, Issue 2-3 , 2011 , Pages 113-117 ; 01039733 (ISSN) Rajabi, M ; Dariani, R. S ; Iraji Zad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    We have investigated an oxidation of substrate effect on structural morphology of zinc oxide (ZnO) rods. ZnO rods are grown on porous silicon (PS) and on thermally oxidized porous silicon substrates by carbothermal reduction of ZnO powder through chemical vapour transport and condensation. Porous silicon is fabricated by electrochemical etching of silicon in hydrofluoric acid solution. The effects of substrates on morphology and structure of ZnO nanostructures have been studied. The morphology of substrates is studied by atomic force microscopy in contact mode. The texture coefficient of each sample is calculated from X-ray diffraction data that demonstrate random orientation of ZnO rods on... 

    Study of thermal behavior of CrO3 using TG and DSC

    , Article Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry ; Vol. 116, Issue. 2 , 2014 , pp. 915-921 ; ISSN: 13886150 Sajadi, S. A. A ; Khaleghian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Using two techniques of thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry under O2 and N2 gas atmosphere from 25 to 600 °C, the thermal behavior of chromium(VI) oxide CrO3 was investigated. The identity of products at different decomposition steps was confirmed by XRD technique. Both techniques produced similar results supporting the same steps for the compound. The received products were investigated by SEM electron microscope. The form and the size of crystals were investigated. Three distinct energy changes were observed, namely, two endothermic and one exothermic in DSC. The amount of ΔH for each peak is also reported  

    Production of nanostructured Ni-Ti-Ag alloy by mechanical alloying [electronic resource]

    , Article Advanced Materials Research ; Volume 829, 2014, 67-72 Rostami, A. (Abbas) ; Sadrnezhaad, Khatiboleslam ; Bagheri, Gh. Ali ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Because of corrosion resistance and antibacterial effects, shape memory Ni-Ti-Ag alloy can be considered for different biomedical applications. Mechanical alloying is used to produce nanostructured Ni-Ti-Ag alloy from elemental powders. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) are used to characterize the product. Results show that after 1h milling, homogenous distribution of the elements occurs; while no intermetallic compounds is observed. After 3h milling, titanium dissolves in nickel to form amorphous and nanostructured solid phases. Peaks of B2 phase appear in the XRD pattern after the 3h milling of the powder mixture. Sintering of the 3h-milled... 

    Synthesis and characterization of porous PZT-PCN ceramics

    , Article Journal of Ceramic Processing Research ; Volume 16, Issue 5 , 2015 , Pages 572-577 ; 12299162 (ISSN) Abdullah, F. F ; Nemati, A ; Bagheri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hanyang University  2015
    Abstract
    Porous PZT-PCN ceramics were fabricated with this formula, “0.8 Pb(Zr1/2Ti1/2)O3-0.2 Pb(Co1/3Nb2/3)O3”, abbreviated as “PZTPCN” by introducing Polyvinyl chloride(PVC) and stearic acid (SA) as pore forming agents (PFA) with varied percentages (5, 10 and 15 wt%). The optimum sintering procedure was designed according to the thermogravimetric analysis of pore formers. XRD and FESEM were applied to study the formed phase and the microstructure of the system. Electrical Characterization was conducted using Piezo meter. A decrease in density reduced longitudinal piezoelectric coefficient (d33) and relative dielectric constant (ε) and enhanced hydrostatic figure of merit (dhgh) of PZTPCN ceramics.... 

    Synthesis of sodium tungsten oxide nano-thick plates

    , Article Materials Letters ; Volume 82 , September , 2012 , Pages 214-216 ; 0167577X (ISSN) Garavand, N. T ; Mahdavi, S. M ; Irajizad, A ; Ahadi, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    Abstract
    In this letter a simple procedure to synthesize sodium tungsten oxide nano-thick plates from WO 3 films has been reported. WO 3 films were grown by pulsed-laser deposition method and then heat treated at temperatures up to 560 °C and times up to 120 min. Slide glass was used as both substrate and sodium source simultaneously. XRD analysis revealed presence of an amorphous structure for as-deposited WO 3 films. On the other hand, XRD showed formation of a monoclinic WO 3 structure with annealing in lower temperatures and a triclinic Na 0.5WO 3.25 structure with annealing at higher temperatures. Intensity of the triclinic phase peaks enhanced drastically by rising annealing temperature and... 

    Protein-directed synthesis of γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles and their magnetic properties investigation

    , Article Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society ; Vol. 35, issue. 5 , May , 2014 , pp. 1375-1378 ; ISSN: 02532964 Soleyman, R ; Pourjavadi, A ; Masoud, N ; Varamesh, A ; Sattari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles were produced using gelatin protein as an effective mediator. Size, shape, surface morphology and magnetic properties of the prepared γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles were characterized using XRD, FT-IR, TEM, SEM and VSM data. The effects of furnace temperature and time of heating together with the amount of gelatin on the produced gelatin-Fe3O4 nanocomposite were examined to prove the fundamental effect of gelatin; both as a capping agent in the nanoscale synthesis and as the director of the spinel γ-Fe2O3 synthesis among possible Fe 2O3 crystalline structures  

    Preparation and study of bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalyst with nano graphene oxide and magnesium ethoxide supports for polymerization of polyethylene

    , Article Polymer Science - Series B ; Volume 58, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 271-277 ; 15600904 (ISSN) Kheradmand, A ; Ramazani SaadatAbadi, A ; Khorasheh, F ; Baghalha, M ; Bahrami, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Maik Nauka-Interperiodica Publishing  2016
    Abstract
    In this study, we have reported the preparation of bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalysts using magnesium ethoxide and graphene oxide as support. The polymerization process was carried out in slurry phase using triisobutylaluminum as a co-catalyst.The XRD analysis of TiCl4/graphene oxide/Mg(OEt)2 catalyst demonstrated that the space between the layers of graphene oxide had increased to 0.2 nm.The catalyst was characterized by XPS, BET, BJH, SEM, and TGA. The catalyst activity was studied for various Al/Ti molar ratios, and the catalyst activity was optimum at Al/Ti molar ratio of 315. © 2016, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd  

    Formation of Lanthanum hydroxide nanostructures: effect of NaOH and KOH solvents

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 169-176 ; 1728-144X (ISSN) Mazloumi, M ; Zanganeh, S ; Kajbafvala, A ; Shayegh, M. R ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2008
    Abstract
    Lanthanum hydroxide (La(OH)3) nanostructures, including elliptical nanoparticles, octahedral rods and irregular nanoparticles were prepared chemically in NaOH and KOH solutions with 10 M concentration. The obtained powders were characterized with XRD, SEM, TEM and DTA. Crystallinities, morphologies and thermal behavior of the obtained nanostructure powders were investigated under the influence of above mentioned solvents. The effect of chemical's temperature was also determined in one of the solvents (i.e. NaOH). The formation of growth in nanostructure mechanism under the influence of alkali solutions (i.e., KOH and NaOH) have been discussed considerably in this paper  

    Microstructure and phase transformation behavior of a stress-assisted heat-treated Ti-Rich NiTi shape memory alloy

    , Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Volume 21, Issue 8 , August , 2012 , Pages 1806-1812 ; 10599495 (ISSN) Ahadi, A ; Rezaei, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Abstract
    In this study, the effects of stress-assisted heat treatment on the microstructure and phase transformation of a Ti-rich (Ti-49.52 at.% Ni) shape memory alloy were investigated. For this purpose, the alloy was heat treated at temperature of 500 °C for 10 h under applied stresses of 100 and 200 MPa. XRD, TEM, and repeated thermal cycling were employed to study the microstructure and transformation behavior of the heat-treated materials. Room temperature XRD diffractogram of the stress-free heat-treated material showed a weak reflection of austenite (B2), while that for the stress-assisted heat-treated materials had a high intensity implying the presence of residual austenite in the... 

    Synthesis of FeNiCoTi powder alloy by mechanical alloying and investigation of magnetic and shape memory properties

    , Article Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism ; Volume 25, Issue 6 , March , 2012 , Pages 1893-1899 ; 15571939 (ISSN) Gheiratmand, T ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Abstract
    FeNiCo base powder alloy with nominal composition Fe-27Ni-17Co-4Ti (wt%) was prepared from elemental powders by mechanical alloying. The structure of milled powders was characterized by XRD and SEM. The effect of nanosize structure on magnetic properties and shape memory behavior was studied using VSM and DSC. After milling for 240 minutes by high energy vibrational ball mill under argon atmosphere, supersaturated solid solution formed with mean crystallite size of ∼20 nm. Results of VSM examinations showed that by milling for 240 minutes saturation magnetization and intrinsic coercivity reached 304 emu/gr and 21 Oe, respectively. XRD analyses made it clear that transformation from BCC to... 

    Effect of Y2O3 and Er2O3 co-dopants on phase stabilization of bismuth oxide

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 37, Issue 8 , 2011 , Pages 3451-3455 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Arasteh, S ; Maghsoudipour, A ; Alizadeh, M ; Nemati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Bi2O3 compositions were prepared to investigate the effect of rare earth metal oxides as co-dopants on phase stability of bismuth oxide. Compositions containing 9-14 mol% of Y2O3 and Er2O3 were synthesized by solid state reaction. The structural characterization was carried out using X-ray powder diffraction. The XRD results show that the samples containing 12 and 14 mol% total dopants had cubic structure, whereas the samples with lower dopant concentrations were tetragonal. Comparing the lattice parameters of the cubic phases of (Bi 2O3)0.88(Y2O3) 0.06(Er2O3)0.06 and (Bi 2O3)0.86(Y2O3) 0.07(Er2O3)0.07 revealed that lattice parameter decreases by increasing the dopant concentration. The XRD... 

    Interstitial sulfur photoluminescence in thermochemically synthesized CdS nanocrystals (NCs)

    , Article EPJ Applied Physics ; Volume 56, Issue 1 , 2011 ; 12860042 (ISSN) Molaei, M ; Saievar Iranizad, E ; Marandi, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    We have synthesized CdS NCs (NCs) by a thermochemical approach. CdSO 4 and Na2S2O3 were used as the precursors and thioglycolic acid (TGA) was used as capping agent molecule. The structure and optical property of the NCs were characterized by means of XRD, TEM, UV-visible optical spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL). XRD and TEM analyses demonstrated hexagonal phase CdS NCs with an average size of around 2 nm. Synthesized NCs exhibited a band gap of about 3.21 eV and showed a broad band emission from 400 to 750 nm centered at 503 nm. This broad band emission is related to surface states of CdS and our results showed that the emission peak can be attributed to the interstitial sulfur. The... 

    Structural and dielectric properties of Sr4Zn2Fe36O60 U-type hexaferrites with optimized Gd contents and sintered by a two-step process

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 48, Issue 19 , 2022 , Pages 27739-27749 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Idrees, M ; Khan, M. A ; Gulbadan, S ; Mahmood, K ; Ashraf, G. A ; Akhtar, M. N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    The structural and dielectric properties of Gadolinium substituted U-type hexaferrites (Sr4Zn2Fe36O60) were investigated. The samples were synthesized via the Sol-gel auto combustion route. In a muffle furnace, these samples were sintered for 5 h at 1250 °C. The pellets of synthesized powder samples were characterized by XRD, PL, Dielectric, FTIR, and Raman spectroscopies. Structural elucidation of Sr4Zn2Fe36-xGdxO60 was done via XRD. The obtained XRD patterns were matched with the prior literature. The impact of Gd3+ substitutions was measured on all the lattice parameters. Lattice constants “a" and “c" were found between 5.871 and 5.900 Å and 111.76–112.23 Å, respectively. The PL spectra... 

    A mathematical method for XRD pattern interpretation in clay containing nano composites

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 318 , 1 November , 2014 , Pages 90-94 ; ISSN: 01694332 Khederlou, K ; Bagheri, R ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    X-ray diffraction and rheological measurements were used to characterize nanoparticle dispersion in LDPE/LLDPE/nanoclay hybrid nanocomposites. XRD patterns were interpreted with a novel distribution formula and rheological measurements were used to confirm the results. Results of these two methods indicated that increasing clay in all the prepared nanocomposites exhibited a significant improvement in filler-matrix interaction because of increasing the probability of polymer diffusion but further exfoliation need more compatibilizing situations. It seems that this mathematical method could be used for predicting the overall change in clay gallery d-spacing and the extent of... 

    Low temperature synthesis of carbonate-free barium titanate nanoscale crystals: Toward a generalized strategy of titanate-based perovskite nanocrystals synthesis

    , Article Journal of the American Ceramic Society ; Vol. 97, issue. 7 , 2014 , pp. 2027-2031 Ashiri, R ; Moghtada, A ; Shahrouzianfar, A ; Ajami, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Synthesis temperature and purity of perovskite materials are key challenges facing the scientific community. This work aims to address these challenges by developing an innovative low temperature synthesis pathway for preparation of carbonate-free perovskite nanocrystals. The method is based on an ultrasound-Assisted wet chemical processing method. Nanocrystals are characterized and observed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy techniques. XRD studies show that very fine BaTiO3 nanocrystals (<11 nm) free from any by-products such as BaTi2O5 and BaCO3 are synthesized at 50°C. Moreover, the method developed... 

    Pressureless sintering of Ta0.8Hf0.2C UHTC in the presence of MoSi2

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 39, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 1985-1989 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Ghaffari, S. A ; Faghihi Sani, M. A ; Golestani Fard, F ; Ebrahimi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Ta0.8Hf0.2C ceramic has the highest melting point among the known materials (4000 °C). However, this high melting point makes the ceramic difficult to be sintered at temperatures lower than 2300 °C, pressurelessly. The purpose of this study is to consolidate Ta 0.8Hf0.2C UHTC by pressureless sintering at 2000 °C using MoSi2 as sintering aid. In this regard, effect of different amounts of MoSi2 on sintering behavior of Ta0.8Hf 0.2 UHTC was investigated. It was observed that condensation of the UHTC after sintering at 2000 °C was enhanced by increasing MoSi2 content and the highest relative density of 95% was obtained in the presence of 24 vol.% MoSi2. XRD pattern of the sintered UHTC... 

    Investigating the effect of calcination repetitions on the lifetime of Co/γ-Al2O3 catalysts in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis utilising the precursor's solution affinities

    , Article Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers ; Volume 44, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 205-213 ; 18761070 (ISSN) Hemmati, M. R ; Kazemeini, M ; Khorasheh, F ; Zarkesh, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Cobalt-based catalysts were prepared on different alumina supports, and their behaviour for different Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) conditions assessed. Although Co/γ-Al2O3 is a well-known FTS catalyst, its durability ought to be improved to make the industrial process economically feasible. Here calcination repetitions effects on the catalyst lifetime were examined utilising reactor tests and characterisation techniques including XRD, TPR, ICP and N2 porosimetry. Results revealed that fewer calcination repetitions improved catalyst activity and selectivity. Based upon the XRD results, these findings appeared to be due to the improved size of cobalt crystals on the pore surfaces. These... 

    Characterization of PVDF/Nanoclay Nanocomposites Prepared by Melt, Solution, and Co-Precipitation Methods

    , Article International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization ; Volume 17, Issue 4 , 2012 , Pages 291-301 ; 1023666X (ISSN) Rahmani, P ; Dadbin, S ; Frounchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) nanocomposites were prepared via melt, solution, and co-precipitation mixing methods using Cloisite 30B as organoclay. The results from X-ray diffraction patterns display intercalation or exfoliation of nanoclay depending on the nanocomposite preparation method. The solvent cast and co-precipitated samples showed exfoliation, while intercalation was observed in the nanocomposites prepared by melt mixing. Introducing organoclay induced formation of β-crystals in the PVDF nanocomposites as evidenced by XRD and FT-IR. FT-IR analysis indicated that the samples prepared by the co-precipitation method had a higher tendency for β phase formation, while the sample...