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    Sustainable superhydrophobic branched hierarchical ZnO nanowires: Stability and wettability phase diagram

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 561 , 2021 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, M ; Bayat, A ; Rahemi Ardekani, S ; Saievar Iranizad, E ; Zaker Moshfegh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Stability of Cassie-Baxter (CB) state is very critical in application of superhydrophobic surfaces. The most industrial applications of superhydrophobic surfaces are limited by the transition from the CB state to Wenzel (W) state. In this research, CB state stability of branched hierarchical ZnO nanowires (BH-ZnO NWs) was investigated as compared with ZnO nanowires (ZnO NWs) by using theoretical and experimental approaches. For this purpose, surface of the BH-ZnO NWs and ZnO NWs were modified by thin layers of methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS). The MTMS thickness was optimized by varying NH4F (0, 5, 10, 20 μL) as used catalyst. The highest water contact angle (WCA) was measured at about 153 ± 3°... 

    Effect of growth conditions on zinc oxide nanowire array synthesized on Si (100) without catalyst

    , Article Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 171-178 ; 13698001 (ISSN) Rajabi, M ; Dariani, R. S ; Iraji Zad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A uniformly distributed ZnO nanowire array has been grown on silicon (100) substrates by catalyst-free chemical vapor transport and condensation. The effect of growth conditions including source heating temperature, substrate temperature, and gas flow rate on growth properties of ZnO nanowire arrays are studied. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and room temperature photoluminescence are employed to study the structural features and optical properties of the samples. The results show a correlation among experimental growth parameters. There is a zone for substrate temperature, by controlling gas flow rate, that uniformly distributed and well aligned ZnO nanowire arrays can be... 

    Improved solar-driven photocatalytic activity of hybrid graphene quantum dots/ZnO nanowires: a direct Z-scheme mechanism

    , Article ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering ; Volume 5, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 367-375 ; 21680485 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, M ; Samadi, M ; Yousefzadeh, S ; Soltani, M ; Rahimi, A ; Chou, T. C ; Chen, L. C ; Chen, K. H ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Herein, an electrochemical technique as a cost-effective and one-step approach was utilized to fabricate graphene quantum dots (GQDs). Different amounts of GQDs (0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2 wt %) were decorated uniformly on the surface of anodized ZnO nanowires (NWs) forming GQD/ZnO NWs. Transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy confirmed formation of GQDs on the ZnO NWs, 12-22 nm in width and 1-3 graphene layers thick. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were employed to verify the functional groups on the surface of GQDs, and the results indicated that GQDs readily anchored on the surface of ZnO NWs. The GQD/ZnO NWs exhibited a... 

    Nanoparticle catalysts

    , Article Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics ; Volume 42, Issue 23 , 2009 ; 00223727 (ISSN) Zaker Moshfegh, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this review, the importance of nanoparticles (NPs), with emphasis on their general and specific properties, especially the high surface-to-volume ratio (A/V), in many technological and industrial applications is studied. Some physical and chemical preparation methods for growing several metallic and binary alloy NP catalysts are reviewed. The growth and mechanism of catalytic reactions for synthesis of 1D nanostructures such as ZnO nanowires and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are discussed. Gas-phase production with emphasis on dependence of catalytic activity and selectivity on size, shape and structure of NPs is also investigated. Application of NP catalysts in several... 

    ZnO nanowires from nanopillars: influence of growth time

    , Article Current Nanoscience ; Volume 5, Issue 4 , 2009 , Pages 479-484 ; 15734137 (ISSN) Sangpour, P ; Roozbehi, M ; Akhavan, O ; Moshfegh, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A double-tube vapor phase transport system has been used to grow ZnO nanostructures. Nanopillars, nanorods and nanowires of zinc oxide were synthesized on Au nanoparticle catalyst depending on source-substrate distance and temperature gradient in the quartz tube. In addition, influence of growth time and substrate temperature on the morphology of the nanorods and nanowires were also investigated. The scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were employed to further understand the nanostructures growth mechanism on various temperatures and growth time steps. Longer length (>4μm) with hexagonal-cross-sectional nanowires, in [002]... 

    Effect of ZnO nanoparticles coating layers on top of ZnO nanowires for morphological, optical, and photovoltaic properties of dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article Micromachines ; Volume 10, Issue 12 , 2019 ; 2072666X (ISSN) Saleem, M ; Farooq, W. A ; Iftikhar Khan, M ; Niaz Akhtar, M ; Rehman, S. U ; Ahmad, N ; Khalid, M ; Atif, M ; AlMutairi, M. A ; Irfan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2019
    This paper reports on the synthesis of ZnO nanowires (NWs), as well asthe compound nanostructures of nanoparticles (NPs) and nanowires (NWs+NPs) with different coating layers of NPs on the top of NWs and their integration in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In compound nanostructures, NWs offer direct electrical pathways for fast electron transfer, and the NPs of ZnOdispread and fill the interstices between the NWs of ZnO, offering a huge surface area for enough dye anchoring and promoting light harvesting. A significant photocurrent density of 2.64mA/cm2 and energy conversion efficiency of 1.43% was obtained with NWs-based DSSCs. The total solar-to-electric energy conversion efficiency... 

    The effect of substrate surface roughness on ZnO nanostructures growth

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 257, Issue 8 , February , 2011 , Pages 3291-3297 ; 01694332 (ISSN) Roozbehi, M ; Sangpour, P ; Khademi, A ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    The ZnO nanowires have been synthesized using vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) process on Au catalyst thin film deposited on different substrates including Si(1 0 0), epi-Si(1 0 0), quartz and alumina. The influence of surface roughness of different substrates and two different environments (Ar + H2 and N2) on formation of ZnO nanostructures was investigated. According to AFM observations, the degree of surface roughness of the different substrates is an important factor to form Au islands for growing ZnO nanostructures (nanowires and nanobelts) with different diameters and lengths. Si substrate (without epi-taxy layer) was found that is the best substrate among Si (with epi-taxy layer), alumina and...