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Effect of particle size on the in vitro bioactivity, hydrophilicity and mechanical properties of bioactive glass-reinforced polycaprolactone composites [electronic resource]

Tamjid, E ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2011.06.013
  3. Abstract:
  4. Polycaprolactone (PCL) composite films containing 5 wt.% bioactive glass (BG) particles of different sizes (6 μm, 250 nm, < 100 nm) were prepared by solvent casting methods. The ultra-fine BG particles were prepared by high-energy mechanical milling of commercial 45S5 Bioglass® particles. The characteristics of bioactive glass particles were studied by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) methods. In vitro bioactivity of the PCL/BG composite films was evaluated through immersion in the simulated body fluid (SBF). The films were analyzed by FE-SEM, energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), XRD, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The mechanical properties of highly-porous PCL/BG composites were examined on cylindrical specimens under quasi-static compression load. It was found that partial crystallization of amorphous BG particles during a prolonged mechanical milling occurred and calcium silicate (CaSiO3) and sodium calcium silicate (Na2CaSiO4) phases were formed. The introduction of submicron BG particles (250 nm) was shown to improve the bioactivity of PCL films. In contrast to BG microparticles, the submicron BG particles were distributed on the film surfaces, providing a high surface exposure to SBF with an improved nanotopography. A notable increase in the stiffness and elastic modulus of the composite was also obtained. As compared to submicron BG particles, lower bioactivity and elastic modulus were acquired for PCL/BG nanoparticles. It was also shown that in spite of high specific surface area of the nanoparticles, partial crystallization during mechanical milling and agglomeration of the nanoparticles during processing decrease the bioactivity, hydrophilicity and mechanical response of the BG-reinforced PCL composites
  5. Keywords:
  6. Polymer-matrix composites ; Bioactive glass nanoparticles ; Bioactivity ; Mechanical properties ; Hydrophilicity
  7. Source: Journal of Materials Science and Engineering: C ; 10 October 2011, Volume 31, Issue 7, Pages 1526–1533
  8. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0928493111001822