Evaluation of chemicals interaction with heavy crude oil through water/oil emulsion and interfacial tension study

Dehghan, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology

693 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1021/ef401361t
  3. Abstract:
  4. A newly-designed surfactant was formulated to tolerate the harsh conditions of oil reservoirs, including high salinity of the formation brine and temperature. The specific emulsion and interfacial tension (IFT) behavior of this new surface active agent were investigated by performing emulsion stability tests, emulsion size analysis, and IFT behavior in the presence of four different types of alkalis. Image processing was utilized to analyze the droplet size distribution using microscopic images of the samples. The results show that depending on the composition of the mixtures, the optimum phase region and interfacial tension behavior change considerably. Solutions containing a higher percentage of the surfactant (around 1 wt %) show good emulsification capability at different salinities; however, adding any selected alkali to these mixtures reduces the optimum range of salinity tolerance. Mixtures of the surfactant and triethanolamine exhibit optimum three-phase region at higher salinity conditions compared to other alkaline/surfactant solutions. Increasing the solution salinity reduces the IFT for surfactant solutions however by adding any alkalis the trend was reversed. Considering high values for the solubilization-ratio, feasible size of the emulsion droplets, and low IFT values result in promising conditions for more oil recovery using a chemical enhanced oil recovery process
  5. Keywords:
  6. Chemical enhanced oil recoveries ; Droplet size distributions ; Emulsion droplets ; Emulsion stability ; Microscopic image ; Salinity tolerance ; Surfactant solution ; Three-phase regions ; Crude oil ; Emulsions ; Enhanced recovery ; Image processing ; Mixtures ; Petroleum reservoirs ; Surface active agents ; Surface tension ; Emulsification
  7. Source: Energy and Fuels ; Vol. 27, issue. 10 , September , 2013 , p. 5852-5860 ; ISSN: 08870624
  8. URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ef401361t