A novel field ionization gas sensor based on self-organized CuO nanowire arrays

Mohammadpour, R ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.sna.2014.04.038
  3. Abstract:
  4. In this study, we present fabrication and characterization of a gas ionization sensor based on high aspect ratio one-dimensional CuO nanowires as the field enhancing medium. Self-organized arrays of CuO nanowires have been synthesized based on a low-cost thermal oxidation method and integrated into a gas ionization sensor (GIS). The self-organized arrays of CuO nanowires have been employed to detect the identity of several gas species such as He, Ar and CO at ambient temperature and pressure. The sharp nanoscale size of CuO tips provide very high electric fields at moderate voltages (less than 100 V) and provoke the breakdown of different gases. The reduced breakdown current of the metal oxide CuO nanowire electrodes result in reduced structural deformation. The proposed GIS based on CuO nano-tips exhibits good repeatability and selectivity for various types of gases and their mixtures
  5. Keywords:
  6. CuO nanowire ; Thermal oxidation ; Aspect ratio ; Electric fields ; Ionization of gases ; Sensors ; CuO nanowires ; Fabrication and characterizations ; Gas ionization sensor ; High electric fields ; Self-organized arrays ; Structural deformation ; Temperature and pressures ; Nanowires
  7. Source: Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical ; Vol. 216 , 2014 , pp. 202-206 ; ISSN: 09244247
  8. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com./science/article/pii/S0924424714002210