Modification of rock/fluid and fluid/fluid interfaces during MEOR processes, using two biosurfactant producing strains of Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 and Enterobacter cloacae: A mechanistic study

Sarafzadeh, P ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.12.002
  3. Abstract:
  4. During any microbial enhanced oil recovery process, both cells and the metabolic products of bacteria govern the tertiary oil recovery efficiency. However, very accurate examination is needed to find the functionality of these tiny creatures at different reservoir conditions. In this regard, the effect of cell structure on ultimate microbial recovery efficiency which is the most dominant mechanism based on the microorganism types (gram-negative or gram-positive) was systematically investigated. At the first stage, possible different active mechanisms using Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 strain were tested using specially designed injection protocol, in situ and ex situ core flooding experiments, interfacial tension, viscosity, pH and Amott wettability index measurements. At the second stage, comparing functionality of B. stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 (a gram-positive type) with the previously examined strain namely Enterobacter cloacae as a gram-negative type, proposed this hypothesis that the cell structure significantly affects the interfacial behaviors. New designed protocols were utilized to check the individual effects of cells, bioproducts and interaction of these together on the oil/water and also fluids/rock interfaces. The final results showed that the cells of B. stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 adhere more into the oil/water interface compared to E. cloacae and change its rheological properties; e.g. its elastic properties which affect the ultimate microbial oil recovery efficiency. Eventually, contradicting results revealed that biosurfactant produced by E. cloacae was able to considerably reduce the interfacial tension and alter the wettability of the rock (to neutral conditions) while biosurfactant produced by B. stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 was not very effective
  5. Keywords:
  6. Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 ; Titan process ; Wettability alteration ; Bacteriology ; Biomolecules ; Cells ; Efficiency ; Hydrophilicity ; Surface active agents ; Tertiary recovery ; Wetting ; Bacillus stearothermophilus ; Enterobacter cloacae ; Interfacial behaviors ; Microbial enhanced oil recoveries ; Oil/water interfaces ; Rheological property ; Tertiary oil recovery ; Cytology ; Biosurfactant ; Oil ; Surfactant ; Adsorption kinetics ; Amott wettability index ; Bacterial cell ; Bacterial strain ; Binding affinity ; Biotechnological procedures ; Cell adhesion ; Cell structure ; Chemical modification ; Chemical parameters ; Comparative study ; controlled study ; Core flooding experiment ; Experimental study ; Flow kinetics ; Fluid fluid interface modification ; Geobacillus stearothermophilus ; Hydrophobicity ; Interfacial tension
  7. Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Vol. 117 , May , 2014 , pp. 457-465 ; ISSN: 09277765
  8. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927776513007509