An analysis of carbone monoxide distribution in large tunnel fires

Sojoudi, A ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s12206-014-0339-4
  3. Abstract:
  4. Fire events and the related toxicants such as CO are responsible for many fatalities in the current century. These hazardous events are much more dangerous when they occur in enclosed spaces. In the present study, a theoretical relation is developed for horizontal distribution of CO in a large tunnel fire. Then, the developed criterion is used to study the effect of some rudimentary parameters such as the heat release rate (HRR) of fire and tunnel's aspect ratio (AR) on CO and temperature stratification. Theoretical results of various heat release rates and aspect ratios for horizontal distribution of CO are compared with numerical results using fire dynamics simulator (FDS5.5). It is found that big fires have higher rates of CO concentration decay in comparison to the smaller ones due to higher air entrainment into the travelling plume. It is indicated that the smoke travelling at higher values of tunnel AR, dilutes faster. Moreover, using FDS5.5, the relevant variations in temperature and CO concentration are discussed for tunnel angles ranging from -20° to 20°
  5. Keywords:
  6. Carbone monoxide distribution ; CO and temperature stratification ; FDS ; Large tunnel fires ; Aspect ratio ; CO concentrations ; Fire dynamics simulator ; Heat Release Rate (HRR) ; Horizontal distribution ; Large tunnels ; Temperature stratification ; Fires
  7. Source: Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology ; Vol. 28, Issue. 5 , 2014 , pp. 1917-1925 ; ISSN: 1738494X
  8. URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12206-014-0339-4