Investigating the efficiency of MEOR processes using Enterobacter cloacae and Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 (biosurfactant-producing strains) in carbonated reservoirs

Sarafzadeh, P ; Sharif University of Technology

832 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2013.11.029
  3. Abstract:
  4. Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) process is divided into two main categories, namely in-situ and ex-situ techniques. It utilizes reservoir microorganisms or specially selected bacteria to use their metabolites for more oil recovery from depleted oil reservoirs. In the present study, the potential of two biosurfactant-producing strains of Enterobacter cloacae and Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 were investigated on tertiary oil recovery efficiency in carbonated cores using different designed injection protocols. The required operational time, process cost and proper selection of bacterial formulation during the MEOR process were the main objectives of this study. The results of interfacial tension (IFT) measurements demonstrated the capability of E. cloacae to reduce the water/crude oil IFT from 30 to 2.7. mN/m after 24. h cultivation, while B. stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 was able to slightly reduce the IFT from 30 to 15. mN/m in the same period of time. The core flooding tests showed different bacterial formulations using various injection patterns, leading to different oil recovery efficiencies. Besides, the results showed that the required operational time as well as the cost of the process directly affects the design of the MEOR process for a selected reservoir. Based on the performed tests, E. cloacae in most of the MEOR scenarios leads to significant tertiary oil recovery efficiencies. Considering the economical parameters B. stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 demonstrated higher feasibility for in-situ MEOR processes compared to the ex-situ type. The proper design of injection protocols and appropriate selection of bacterial formulation result in considerable amounts of tertiary oil recovery
  5. Keywords:
  6. Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 ; Biosurfactant ; Core flooding ; Enterobacter cloacae ; IFT reduction ; MEOR ; Operational time ; Bacteriology ; Biomolecules ; Efficiency ; Floods ; Petroleum reservoirs ; Surface active agents ; Tertiary recovery ; Water injection ; Bacteria ; Bacterium ; Enhanced oil recovery ; Hydrocarbon reservoir ; Microorganism ; Surfactant ; Bacteria (microorganisms) ; Enterobacter cloacae ; Geobacillus stearothermophilus
  7. Source: Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 113 , January , 2014 , Pages 46-53 ; ISSN: 09204105
  8. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092041051300346X