Statistical screening of medium components for recombinant production of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 rhamnolipids by nonpathogenic cell factory pseudomonas putida KT2440

Setoodeh, P ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s12033-013-9693-1
  3. Abstract:
  4. Rhamnolipids (RLs) produced by the opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa are considered as potential candidates for the next generation of surfactants. Large-scale production of RLs depends on progress in strain engineering, medium design, operating strategies, and purification procedures. In this work, the rhlAB genes extracted from a mono-RLs-producing strain of P. aeruginosa (ATCC 9027) were introduced to an appropriate safety host Pseudomonas putida KT2440. The capability of the recombinant strain was evaluated in various media. As a prerequisite for optimal medium design, a set of 32 experiments was performed in two steps for screening a number of macro-nutritional compounds. In the experiments, a two-level fractional factorial design resolution IV was followed by a two-level full factorial one. By means of this approach, it was observed that glycerol, yeast extract, and peptone have significant positive influence on recombinant RLs production while the yeast extract/peptone two-factor and glycerol/yeast extract/peptone three-factor interactions have considerable negative effects. A wide range of variation from 0 to 570 mg/l was obtained for RLs production during the screening experiments indicating the importance of medium optimization. The results point out the opportunity for possible higher yields of RLs through further screening, mixture/combined mixture designs, and high-cell-density cultivations
  5. Keywords:
  6. Experimental screening design ; Heterologous rhamnolipids production ; Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 ; Pseudomonas putida KT2440 ; Transformation ; Two-level factorial design ; Design ; Experiments ; Lipids ; Mixtures ; Optimization ; Surface active agents ; Yeast ; Pseudomonas putida ; Rhamnolipids ; Screening design ; Bacteria ; Cetrimide ; kanamycin ; Orcinol ; Antibiotic resistance ; Article ; Bacterial gene ; Escherichia coli ; lipogenesis ; Nonhuman ; Quorum sensing ; RhlAB gene ; Thin layer chromatography ; Bacterial Proteins ; Culture Media ; Glycerol ; Glycolipids ; Peptones ; Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  7. Source: Molecular Biotechnology ; Vol. 56, issue. 2 , 2014 , p. 175-191
  8. URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12033-013-9693-1