A real-time, low-power implementation for high-resolution eigenvalue-based spectrum sensing

Safavi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2013

518 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s10470-013-0198-4
  3. Publisher: 2013
  4. Abstract:
  5. In this paper, a novel multiple antenna, high-resolution eigenvalue-based spectrum sensing algorithm based on the FFT of the received signal is introduced. The proposed platform overcomes the SNR wall problem in the conventional energy detection (ED) algorithm, enabling the detection of the weak signals at -10 dB SNR. Moreover, the utilization of FFT for the input signal channelization provides a simple, low-power design for a high-resolution spectrum sensing regime. A real-time, low-area, and low-power VLSI architecture is also developed for the algorithm, which is implemented in a 0.18 μm CMOS technology. The implemented design is the first eigenvalue-based detection (EBD) architecture proposed to-date capable of detecting weak signals at -10 dB. Despite having more algorithmic complexity in comparison to the ED, the proposed EBD architecture shows no significant increase in the core area and the power consumption, due to the FFT utilization for the input signal channelization. The proposed design occupies a total area of 3.4 mm2 and dissipates 78 mW for a 40 MHz sensing bandwidth consisting of 32 sub-channels
  6. Keywords:
  7. ASIC realization ; Eigenvalue-based spectrum sensing ; Algorithmic complexity ; Eigenvalue-based detections ; High-resolution spectra ; Low-power design ; Multiple antenna ; Spectrum sensing ; VLSI architectures ; VLSI implementation ; Algorithms ; Antennas ; CMOS integrated circuits ; Design ; Fast Fourier transforms ; Filter banks ; Signal detection ; Signal to noise ratio ; Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions
  8. Source: Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing ; Volume 77, Issue 3 , December , 2013 , Pages 437-447 ; 09251030 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10470-013-0198-4