Amplified electrochemical DNA sensor based on polyaniline film and gold nanoparticles

Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2013

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1002/elan.201200434
  3. Publisher: 2013
  4. Abstract:
  5. In this work, an electrochemical DNA biosensor, based on a dual signal amplified strategy by employing a polyaniline film and gold nanoparticles as a sensor platform and enzyme-linked as a label, for sensitive detection is presented. Firstly, polyaniline film and gold nanoparticles were progressively grown on graphite screen-printed electrode surface via electropolymerization and electrochemical deposition, respectively. The sensor was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammetry and impedance measurements. The polyaniline-gold nanocomposite modified electrodes were firstly modified with a mixed monolayer of a 17-mer thiol-tethered DNA probe and a spacer thiol, 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (MCH). An enzyme-amplified detection scheme, based on the coupling of a streptavidin-alkaline phosphatase conjugate and biotinylated target sequences was then applied. The enzyme catalyzed the hydrolysis of the electroinactive α-naphthyl phosphate to α-naphthol; this product is electroactive and has been detected by means of differential pulse voltammetry. In this way, the sensor coupled the unique electrical properties of polyaniline and gold nanoparticles (high surface area, fast heterogeneous electron transfer, chemical stability, and ease of miniaturisation) and enzymatic amplification. A linear response was obtained over a concentration range (0.2-10nM). A detection limit of 0.1nM was achieved
  6. Keywords:
  7. DNA biosensors ; Gold nanoparticles ; Polyaniline ; Screen-printed electrodes
  8. Source: Electroanalysis ; Volume 25, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 1373-1380 ; 10400397 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/elan.201200434/abstract;jsessionid=E2704924BF4D389CDE723030944051AD.f01t03