Canard-wing interactions in subsonic flow

Samimi, S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2013

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. Publisher: Shiraz University , 2013
  3. Abstract:
  4. Extensive subsonic wind tunnel tests were conducted on a coplanar wing-canard configuration at various angles of attack. In these experiments, a 60° swept canard was placed upstream of a 60° swept main delta wing. This paper deals with the distribution of mean and fluctuating pressure coefficients on the upper surfaces of both the canard and the wing immersed in a variety of angles of attack. According to the results, presence of canard postpones the vortex formation and growth on the wing to higher angles of attack compared to the canard-off case. Due to the canard downwash field, the wing operates at lower effective angles of attack and therefore, its vortex breakdown is delayed. The spectral analysis of the unsteady pressure on both the canard and the wing show the existence of narrow, dominant frequency band containing the majority of the fluctuation energy. This frequency band is believed to be the natural frequency of the leading edge vortex. The results show that the dominant frequency of the wing vortex is lower than that of the canard having the same sweep angle as the wing, which is an indication of the wing vortex attenuation due to canard downwash field
  5. Keywords:
  6. Canard ; Delta wing ; Leading edge vortex ; Pressure power spectrum
  7. Source: Iranian Journal of Science and Technology - Transactions of Mechanical Engineering ; Volume 37, Issue M2 , 2013 , Pages 133-147 ; 22286187 (ISSN)
  8. URL: http://ijstm.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1743_351.html