Improving the performance of cement-based composites containing superabsorbent polymers by utilization of nano-SiO2 particles

Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology | 2012

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2012.05.030
  3. Publisher: 2012
  4. Abstract:
  5. The application of superabsorbent polymer (SAP) as an internal curing agent for cement based composites results in benefits such as reduced autogenous shrinkage and cracking. However, a reduction in compressive and flexural strength usually occurs due to the empty voids remained in the matrix after deswelling of SAP particles. Nanoparticles are good candidates for improving the mechanical performance of cementitious materials, due to their multiple mechanisms of action, not the least their high pozzolanic activity.In the present work, the capability of amorphous nano-SiO2 (NS) as the most widely used nanoparticle in cementitious materials, for retrieving mechanical properties of SAP-containing pastes was evaluated, and its impact on setting time and rheological properties was measured. It was found that small dosages of NS could offset the negative effect of SAP on compressive strength but flexural strength was not fully compensated. Optimization of the dosages of NS and SAP could reduce the negative influences on the yield stress and viscosity whilst improving mechanical performance. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to monitor the changes in microstructure and composition
  6. Keywords:
  7. A. Concrete ; A. Nano-materials ; A. Polymer ; Autogenous shrinkage ; Cement based composites ; Cementitious materials ; Compressive and flexural strengths ; Deswelling ; Internal curing ; Mechanical performance ; Nano- SiO ; Negative influence ; Pozzolanic ; Rheological property ; Setting time ; Superabsorbent polymer ; Amorphous materials ; Bending strength ; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ; Mechanical properties ; Nanoparticles ; Scanning electron microscopy ; Polymers
  8. Source: Materials and Design ; Volume 42 , 2012 , Pages 94-101 ; 02641275 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261306912003408