Nano reengineering of horseradish peroxidase with dendritic macromolecules for stability enhancement

Khosravi, A ; Sharif University of Technology

1997 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2011.09.004
  3. Abstract:
  4. A simple bio-conjugation procedure to surround a single horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme molecule with dendritic polyester macromolecules (polyester-32-hydroxyl-1-carboxyl bis-MPA dendron, generation 5) was proposed. The characterization of resultant nanoparticles entitled HRP dendrozyme, was performed by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, gel permeation chromatography and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that HRP nanoparticles were spherical in shape and have an average size of 14 ± 2. nm in diameter. Furthermore, bio-conformational characterization of HRP dendrozyme was performed by means of circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy to evaluate the secondary and tertiary structure changes after enzyme modification. These investigations revealed that protein conformation had small changes (in secondary and tertiary structures) after bio-conjugation. We also reported here that dendritic modification did not significantly affect the kinetic parameters of free HRP. The stabilization of HRP with dendron macromolecules as single enzyme nanoparticles resulted in improvement of half-life over 70 days storage at 4°C as well as its tolerance under different elevated temperatures up to 80°C and in the presence of organic solvents for 15. min. These significant results promise extensive applications of HRP particularly in harsh environmental conditions
  5. Keywords:
  6. Dendron ; Nanoparticle ; Organic stability ; Thermal stability ; Average size ; Bio-conjugation ; Dendritic macromolecules ; Dendrons ; Elevated temperature ; Environmental conditions ; Horseradish peroxidase enzymes ; Protein conformation ; Secondary and tertiary structures ; Stability enhancement ; Circular dichroism spectroscopy ; Conformations ; Dichroism ; Enzymes ; Esters ; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ; Organic solvents ; Thermodynamic stability ; Macromolecules ; Polyester ; Polyester 32 hydroxyl 1 carboxyl bis MPA dendron ; Unclassified drug ; Circular dichroism ; Conjugation ; Enzyme conformation ; Enzyme kinetics ; Enzyme modification ; Fluorescence spectroscopy ; Gel permeation chromatography ; Infrared spectroscopy ; Light scattering ; Molecular stability ; Nanoengineering ; Thermostability ; Transmission electron microscopy ; Dendrimers ; Enzyme Stability ; Half-Life ; Horseradish Peroxidase ; Microscopy, Electron, Transmission ; Nanoparticles ; Nanotechnology ; Polyesters ; Protein Engineering ; Protein Structure, Secondary ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Solvents ; Temperature ; Armoracia rusticana
  7. Source: Enzyme and Microbial Technology ; Volume 50, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 10-16 ; 01410229 (ISSN)
  8. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141022911001931