Functionalized carbon nanotubes in ZnO thin films for photoinactivation of bacteria

Akhavan, O ; Sharif University of Technology | 2011

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2011.07.030
  3. Publisher: 2011
  4. Abstract:
  5. Two types of unfunctionalized and functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared to be applied in fabrication of MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposite thin films with various MWCNT contents. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated formation of functional groups on surface of the functionalized MWCNTs in the MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposite. Formation of the effective carbonaceous bonds between the ZnO and the MWCNTs was also investigated through photoinactivation of Escherichia coli bacteria on surface of the both unfunctionalized and functionalized MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposites. The functionalized MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposites showed significantly stronger photoinactivation of the bacteria than the unfunctionalized ones, for all of the various MWCNT contents (from 2 to 30 wt%). While the functionalized MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposites with the optimum MWCNT content of 10 wt% inactivated whole of the bacteria after 10 min UV-visible light irradiation, the unfunctionalized ones could inactivate only 63% of the bacteria under the same conditions. The significant enhancement of the photoinactivation of the bacteria onto the surface of the functionalized MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposites was assigned to charge transfer through Zn-O-C bands formed between the Zn atoms of the ZnO film and oxygen atoms of the carboxylic functional groups of the functionalized MWCNTs
  6. Keywords:
  7. Photocatalyst ; Antibacterial ; Escherichia coli bacteria ; Functionalized ; Functionalized carbon nanotubes ; Light irradiations ; MWCNT ; Nanocomposite thin films ; Oxygen atom ; Photoinactivation ; UV-visible ; Zn atoms ; ZnO ; ZnO films ; ZnO thin film ; Bacteria ; Bacteriology ; Carbon films ; Charge transfer ; Escherichia coli ; Functional groups ; Ion exchange ; Metallic films ; Nanocomposite films ; Nanocomposites ; Photoelectron spectroscopy ; Thin films ; X ray photoelectron spectroscopy ; Zinc ; Zinc oxide ; Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCN)
  8. Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 130, Issue 1-2 , October , 2011 , Pages 598-602 ; 02540584 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254058411006249