A study of the water-gas shift reaction in Ru-promoted Ir-catalysed methanol carbonylation utilising experimental design methodology

Hosseinpour, V ; Sharif University of Technology | 2011

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2011.06.053
  3. Publisher: 2011
  4. Abstract:
  5. The water-gas shift reaction occurs competitively to the main reaction of the Ir-catalysed methanol carbonylation process. To study the effect of seven factors including temperature, pressure, iridium, ruthenium, methyl iodide, methyl acetate and water concentrations on the formation of hydrogen and carbon dioxide as a result of the water-gas shift reaction and other side reactions in the carbonylation of methanol to acetic acid, the experimental design method combined with response surface methodology (RSM) was utilised. Central composite design at five levels (with α=1.63) was used to design experiments. A quadratic model that included the main and interaction effects of variables for H 2 and CO 2 formation was developed. For two responses, R 2 was in reasonable agreement "Adj-R 2". Furthermore, statistical tests confirmed the accuracy and the precision of models developed in this research. For CO 2 formation, pressure, iridium and methyl iodide concentrations and for H 2 formation, water and iridium concentrations had the most pronounced effects. Optimum conditions to minimise H 2 and CO 2 and CH 4 formation were determined as follows: temperature of 189°C, pressure of 32.0bar, iridium content of 859ppm, ruthenium concentration of 528ppm, methyl iodide content of 8.68wt%, methyl acetate concentration of 23.9wt% and water content of 6.49wt%. Ultimately, an experiment at optimum conditions revealed satisfactory agreement between the experimental and predicted data
  6. Keywords:
  7. Experimental design ; Kinetics ; Central composite designs ; Chemical process ; Experimental design method ; Interaction effect ; Methanol carbonylation ; Methyl acetates ; Methyl iodide ; Multiphase reactions ; Optimum conditions ; Quadratic models ; Reaction engineering ; Response Surface Methodology ; Side reactions ; Water concentrations ; Water-gas shift reactions ; Acetic acid ; Carbon dioxide ; Carbonylation ; Catalysis ; Design ; Experiments ; Iridium ; Methanol ; Pressure effects ; Ruthenium ; Statistical tests ; Statistics ; Volatile fatty acids ; Water content ; Design of experiments
  8. Source: Chemical Engineering Science ; Volume 66, Issue 20 , October , 2011 , Pages 4798-4806 ; 00092509 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009250911004398