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Pore-Scale Monitoring of Wettability Alteration by Silica Nanoparticles During Polymer Flooding to Heavy Oil in a Five-Spot Glass Micromodel

Maghzi, A ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s11242-010-9696-3
  3. Abstract:
  4. It is well known that the oil recovery is affected by wettability of porous medium; however, the role of nanoparticles on wettability alteration of medium surfaces has remained a topic of debate in the literature. Furthermore, there is a little information of the way dispersed silica nanoparticles affect the oil recovery efficiency during polymer flooding, especially, when heavy oil is used. In this study, a series of injection experiments were performed in a five-spot glass micromodel after saturation with the heavy oil. Polyacrylamide solution and dispersed silica nanoparticles in polyacrylamide (DSNP) solution were used as injected fluids. The oil recovery as well as fluid distribution in the pores and throats was measured with analysis of continuously provided pictures during the experiments. Sessile drop method was used for measuring the contact angles of the glass surface at different states of wettability after coating by heavy oil, distilled water, dispersed silica nanoparticles in water (DSNW), polyacrylamide solution, and DSNP solution. The results showed that the silica nanoparticles caused enhanced oil recovery during polymer flooding by a factor of 10%. The distribution of DSNP solution during flooding tests in pores and throats showed strong water-wetting of the medium after flooding with this solution. The results of sessile drop experiments showed that coating with heavy oil, could make an oil-wet surface. Coating with distilled water and polymer solution could partially alter the wettability of surface to water-wet and coating with DSNW and DSNP could make a strongly water-wet surface
  5. Keywords:
  6. Dispersed silica nanoparticles ; Glass Micromodel ; Microscopic displacement ; Polymer flooding ; Wettability ; Dispersed silicas ; Distilled water ; Enhanced oil recovery ; Five-spot ; Flooding tests ; Fluid distribution ; Glass surfaces ; Heavy oil ; Injected fluids ; Oil recoveries ; Oil recovery efficiency ; Polyacry lamide ; Porous medium ; Sessile drop method ; Sessile drops ; Silica nanoparticles ; Wet surfaces ; Wettability alteration ; Contact angle ; Drops ; Experiments ; Glass ; Heavy oil production ; Heavy water ; Nanoparticles ; Plastic coatings ; Porous materials ; Recovery ; Silica ; Enhanced recovery ; Chemical alteration ; Dispersion ; Flooding ; Flow modeling ; Monitoring ; Numerical model ; Particle size ; Polymer ; Saturation
  7. Source: Transport in Porous Media ; Volume 87, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 653-664 ; 01693913 (ISSN)
  8. URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11242-010-9696-3