Spatial-temporal assessment and redesign of groundwater quality monitoring network: A case study

Owlia, R. R ; Sharif University of Technology | 2011

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-010-1332-8
  3. Publisher: 2011
  4. Abstract:
  5. Assessment of groundwater quality monitoring networks requires methods to determine the potential efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the current monitoring programs. To this end, the concept of entropy has been considered as a promising method in previous studies since it quantitatively measures the information produced by a network. In this study, the measure of transinformation in the discrete entropy theory and the transinformation- distance (T-D) curves, which are used frequently by other researchers, are used to quantify the efficiency of a monitoring network. This paper introduces a new approach to decrease dispersion in results by performing cluster analysis that uses fuzzy equivalence relations. As a result, the sampling (temporal) frequency determination method also recommends the future sampling frequencies for each location based on certain criteria such as direction, magnitude, correlation with neighboring stations, and uncertainty of the concentration trend derived from representative historical concentration data. The proposed methodology is applied to groundwater resources in the Tehran-Karadj aquifer, Tehran, Iran
  6. Keywords:
  7. Discrete entropy theory ; Fuzzy cluster analysis ; Groundwater quality monitoring ; Tehran-Karadj aquifer ; Temporal frequency ; Discrete entropy ; Aquifers ; Cluster analysis ; Entropy ; Monitoring ; Quality control ; Ground water ; Concentration (composition) ; Cost-benefit analysis ; Design ; Fuzzy mathematics ; Groundwater ; Groundwater resource ; Methodology ; Monitoring system ; Quantitative analysis ; Spatiotemporal analysis ; Uncertainty analysis ; Controlled study ; Cost effectiveness analysis ; Dispersion ; Iran ; Sampling ; Uncertainty ; Water quality ; water sampling ; Environmental Monitoring ; Fuzzy Logic ; Water Movements ; Water Pollutants ; Water Supply ; Tehran [Iran]
  8. Source: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment ; Volume 172, Issue 1-4 , January , 2011 , Pages 263-273 ; 01676369 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10661-010-1332-8