Thermal decomposition of nanostructured Aluminum Titanate in an active Al matrix: A novel approach to fabrication of in situ Al/Al2O3-Al3Ti composites

Azarniya, A ; Sharif University of Technology | 2015

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.09.050
  3. Publisher: Elsevier Ltd , 2015
  4. Abstract:
  5. The thermal decomposition of Aluminum Titanate in exposure to pure Aluminum was examined both in powder and in bulk form. Optical microscopy, FE-SEM, XRD, DSC and TGA examinations were conducted to take the possible chemical reactions between Aluminum Titanate and Al into consideration. It was found that as Aluminum Titanate particles are exposed to Al matrix, the thermal stability of Aluminum Titanate is degraded and its decomposition temperature is reduced from 850°C to 550°C. Also, the chemical reactions between Aluminum Titanate and Al start along the interfaces, and the reaction products, i.e. Al3Ti, Al2O3, TiO2 and O2 gas are left there. A mechanism was suggested to describe the Al/Al2TiO5 interactions in the interfaces. It was shown that the reaction products of nanostructured Al2TiO5 particle decomposition can be used as a source for producing in situ Al/Al3Ti and Al2O3 reinforced metal matrix composites through the solid-state powder metallurgy route. Finally, a uniformly dense microstructure including submicron Al2O3 and nanosized Al3Ti reinforcements was obtained
  6. Keywords:
  7. Sol-gel synthesis ; Thermal decomposition ; Aluminum powder metallurgy ; Chemical reactions ; Decomposition ; Metallic matrix composites ; Metallurgy ; Particle reinforced composites ; Phase interfaces ; Powder metal products ; Powder metallurgy ; Powder metals ; Pyrolysis ; Reaction products ; Reinforcement ; Sol-gels ; Thermodynamic stability ; Titanium ; Titanium compounds ; Aluminum matrix composites ; Aluminum titanate ; Decomposition temperature ; Nano-sized al ; Nano-structured ; Particle decomposition ; Reinforced metal matrix composites ; Aluminum
  8. Source: Materials and Design ; Volume 88 , 2015 , Pages 932-941 ; 02641275 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264127515304597