Effect of intervertebral translational flexibilities on estimations of trunk muscle forces, kinematics, loads, and stability

Ghezelbash, F ; Sharif University of Technology | 2015

1413 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1080/10255842.2014.961440
  3. Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd , 2015
  4. Abstract:
  5. Due to the complexity of the human spinal motion segments, the intervertebral joints are often simulated in the musculoskeletal trunk models as pivots thus allowing no translational degrees of freedom (DOFs). This work aims to investigate, for the first time, the effect of such widely used assumption on trunk muscle forces, spinal loads, kinematics, and stability during a number of static activities. To address this, the shear deformable beam elements used in our nonlinear finite element (OFE) musculoskeletal model of the trunk were either substantially stiffened in translational directions (SFE model) or replaced by hinge joints interconnected through rotational springs (HFE model). Results indicated that ignoring intervertebral translational DOFs had in general low to moderate impact on model predictions. Compared with the OFE model, the SFE and HFE models predicted generally larger L4–L5 and L5–S1 compression and shear loads, especially for tasks with greater trunk angles; differences reached ∼15% for the L4–L5 compression, ∼36% for the L4–L5 shear and ∼18% for the L5–S1 shear loads. Such differences increased, as location of the hinge joints in the HFE model moved from the mid-disc height to either the lower or upper endplates. Stability analyses of these models for some select activities revealed small changes in predicted margin of stability. Model studies dealing exclusively with the estimation of spinal loads and/or stability may, hence with small loss of accuracy, neglect intervertebral translational DOFs at smaller trunk flexion angles for the sake of computational simplicity
  6. Keywords:
  7. Model ; Optimization ; Computer simulation ; Degrees of freedom (mechanics) ; Kinematics ; Loads (forces) ; Models ; Muscle ; Shear deformation ; Stability ; Compression and shear ; Intervertebral joints ; Musculoskeletal model ; Non-linear finite elements ; Shear deformable beams ; Translational degrees of freedoms ; Translational directions ; Finite element method ; Anthropometric parameters ; Compression ; Head position ; Hinge joint ; Intervertebral articulation ; Joint function ; Joint mobility ; Joint stability ; Lumbar spine ; Muscle rigidity ; Muscle strength ; Nonlinear system ; Priority journal ; Shear strength ; Biomechanics ; Body posture ; Human ; Physiology ; Skeletal muscle ; Theoretical model ; Trunk ; Biomechanical Phenomena ; Compressive Strength ; Finite Element Analysis ; Humans ; Joints ; Models, Theoretical ; Muscle, Skeletal ; Pliability ; Posture ; Spine ; Torso ; Weight-Bearing
  8. Source: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 18, Issue 16 , Sep , 2015 , Pages 1760-1767 ; 10255842 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10255842.2014.961440