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Effects of different operating parameters on the particle size of silver chloride nanoparticles prepared in a spinning disk reactor
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Effects of different operating parameters on the particle size of silver chloride nanoparticles prepared in a spinning disk reactor

Dabir, H

Effects of different operating parameters on the particle size of silver chloride nanoparticles prepared in a spinning disk reactor

Dabir, H ; Sharif University of Technology | 2015

723 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1007/s00339-015-9174-4
  3. Publisher: Springer Verlag , 2015
  4. Abstract:
  5. The aim of this research was to present an experimental method for large-scale production of silver chloride nanoparticles using spinning disk reactor. Silver nitrate and sodium chloride were used as the reactants, and the protecting agent was gelatin. The experiments were carried out in a continuous mode by injecting the reactants onto the surface of the spinning disk, where a chemical precipitation reaction took place to form AgCl particles. The effects of various operating variables, including supersaturation, disk rotational speed, reactants flow rate, disk diameter, and excess ions, on the particle size of products were investigated. In addition, the AgCl nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. According to the results, smaller AgCl particles are obtained under higher supersaturations and also higher disk rotation speeds. Moreover, in the range of our investigation, the use of lower reactants flow rates and larger disk diameter can reduce the particle size of products. The non-stoichiometric condition of reactants has a significant influence on the reduction in particle aggregation. It was also found that by optimizing the operating conditions, uniform AgCl nanoparticles with the mean size of around 37 nm can be produced
  6. Keywords:
  7. Energy dispersive spectroscopy ; Flow rate ; Nanoparticles ; Particle size ; Precipitation (chemical) ; Scanning electron microscopy ; Silver ; Silver halides ; Supersaturation ; X ray diffraction ; X ray spectroscopy ; Chemical precipitation ; Disk rotational speed ; Energy dispersive X ray spectroscopy ; Large scale productions ; Optimizing the operating conditions ; Reactants flow rates ; Silver chloride nanoparticles ; Spinning disk reactor ; Agglomeration
  8. Source: Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing ; Volume 120, Issue 1 , July , 2015 , Pages 105-113 ; 09478396 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00339-015-9174-4